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Samuel Becketts Endgame has several connections with Brechts meaning of alienation. Brecht alienation idea uses the audience to be a knowingly critical observer

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Chelsea Conboy Professor Vazquez English Composition 2 20 February 2012 Beckett through Brecht Samuel Beckett's Endgame has several connections with Brecht's meaning of alienation. Brecht alienation idea uses the audience to be a knowingly critical observer, which Beckett uses. In Endgame, Beckett applies Brecht's proposal of alienation by making the audience take a viewpoint on finding their own connection to the play. Just as William Haney states, "Beckett writes leaving society with a sense of alienation and loss" (Haney, 2). This goes with the theme of absurdity that Brecht wanted to demonstrate in his work. Brecht then wanted the audience of his plays to explore the social, political, and economical aspects of life during his plays, so that they too can be captivated into the play and have their own agreement of life. Beckett uses the ideas of Brecht's alienation in Endgame by way of the characters, themes, and attitudes because he wanted to get the audience to retain new ideas and to avoid their normal comfort. Brecht style was to view the play for what is it and nothing else. According to Brecht, "Alienation used acting techniques and stage devices to encourage the audience's emotional distance from the play" (Daryl, 40). In Endgame, Beckett uses the emotional distance with analyzing the characters. ...read more.


The audience could be thinking they are in a light house or in a different place. This was a part of Beckett's theory of pulling the audience to see more than the play its self, just what Brecht was portraying. Another critic, Daryl McDaniel, suggests the allusion of a chess game. He states, "Beckett told one of the actors, 'Hamm is a king in this chess game lost from the start ... Now at the last he makes a few senseless moves as only a bad player would ... He is only trying to delay the inevitable end ... He's a bad player'" (Daryl, 3). This suggests that the audience can see the moves each character is making. Beckett's pawns are unable to progress in the battlefield that is their shelter. The audience has to realize that the play revolves around reality. The reality is imposed through theatrical references and techniques throughout the play, which Brecht was giving more social issues in his play's as well. Besides the references, Beckett liked to use stage direction to be tied into his plot. He shows that stage direction can give meaning to the play. Beckett used steps, and used the ladder as a way of representing life itself. He then used different lighting for different moods and music to go along with each character. ...read more.


With the plot of the play, one important element of the conversational situation in Endgame is that Hamm and Clov are in an unconnected relationship to each other. Hamm holds a superior rank, while Clov hold a secondary rank. The different standings between Hamm and Clov are based on how they talk and communicate to each other. The difference in relation does not combine continually with any set speaking order. They can be as far apart, but either may speak initially. Another way of stating this would be the order of speakers in Endgame is more depending on what is really going on than on the set speaking order. There is no one main person speaking at a time. Beckett wants all the characters to speak out of order to make the audience comprehend at the end, referring back to Brecht's feeling of absurdity. Beckett and Brecht share similarities with alienation. Both Beckett and Brecht try to steer the audience into thinking critically and not to get caught up in the overall emotion of the play. Beckett uses stage direction and language to go into depth with his play Endgame. Beckett uses outside recourses and lets society know exactly the true meaning behind his plays. He tries to give the audience a sense of what he is going through such as the dark room, the loud noises, and character disabilities. Beckett and Brecht gave the theater a different aspect of traditional themes and motifs. ...read more.

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