• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Modest Proposal.

Extracts from this document...


A MODEST PROPOSAL Jonathan Swift had very strong opinions about social and moral concerns in Ireland. Identify these concerns and evaluate how effectively Swift highlighted these concerns in "A Modest Proposal" The political tensions between England and Ireland go all the way back to Henry VIII when he turned England from Catholic to Protestant for marriage and political reasons. In major conflicts with England the two main Catholic countries Spain and France sent troops from Europe to set up bases in Ireland for armies to attack the English. England defeated the Irish. James Stuart of England was deposed because he wanted to change England, into a Catholic country once again. Because of the Parliamentarians, the English invited William of Orange to become the King of England. William of Orange decided to attack James Stuart. One of the most important battles against the English was the Battle of Boyne. The Battle of Boyne took place in Ireland. It was fought on 1st July 1690; it was the decisive battle of the war of English Succession, confirming a Protestant monarch. After the war the English used a series of Penal reforms to destroy the power of Irish Catholics. For many years these Penal laws excluded Catholics from all public life and much normal private social activity. ...read more.


In A Modest Proposal, the proposal is aimed at not only the children of professed beggars, but will also take into account of all infants, who are born of parents who struggle to support them. "My intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of professed beggars: it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole number of infants at a certain age, who are born of parents in effect as little able to support them... (Paragraph 3) In A Modest Proposal, the impression we are given of a city struggling with its borders of poverty and beggars. The picture we get is one where beggars of the female sex are followed by three or four children in squalid rags, who are forced to employ all their time in strolling or supplicating for money, and who are despised by the higher classes. "...The streets, the roads, and cabin-doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three or four, or six children, all in rags..." (Paragraph 1). Many of these people moved into begging not out of choice but as a result of racist Penal Laws, which were passed by Protestants, consequently these Laws in Ireland had the effect of creating an extremely poor underclass. ...read more.


As the narrator describes it, this food will be a new source of meat compared to the meat of a sheep, cow or a pig. After analysing "A Modest Proposal" I have come to the conclusion that the author of the 18th century text shocks his audience by using irony and satire, therefore making them laugh, but also horrifying them. He uses irony in such a way that what he says makes the audience laugh. His use of irony and satire made influential people think about what was being criticised and made them aware that the conditions had to be improved. Swift uses his upper class narrator to criticise the way Ireland is being run. In A Modest Proposal the Government only seem to care about money, profit and increasing the wealth of the country. The narrator uses satire to expose the way the Government are refusing to do anything about child poverty. One of the main problems resulting from the "Penal Laws" is the economic solution of the beggars who are dying every day because they have no food; they suffer bad health and disease. Jonathan Swift wrote "A Modest Proposal" for the educated upper ruling classes. He wrote this satire to attack the upper-educated ruling classes because he wanted to expose the ruling classes reluctant to do anything serious to solve the economic crisis. The Penal Laws were eventually abolished after the satirical argument was published. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Jonathan Swift section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Jonathan Swift essays

  1. Swift's main purpose in Gulliver's Travels.

    on the same Foundation with that of their people: of chusing for Employments Persons qualified to exercise them, [...] that never entered before into the Heart of Man to conceive; and confirmed in me the old Observation, that there is nothing so extravagant and irrational which some Philosophers have not maintained for Truth.

  2. Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'

    In my opinion the way the Protestants were ruling over Catholics was disgraceful, because they were treating them like animals by keeping a large amount of people in a small area like chickens. I will now consider the use of satire in Swift's Text, 'A Modest Proposal'.

  1. Consider Swift's presentation of two of the characters in 'Waterland' who you find most ...

    times when she was a pupil at St Gunhilda school and all was on her side, the only possible explanation for her bad luck is that she gave up her faith in God thus she becomes once again religious. We also see in "Waterland" how for some women having a

  2. "A Modest Proposal" - Swift.

    Perhaps this is what makes the text effective, turning man into a commodity, it gives the text a shocking factor, which immediately makes the text a serious piece, giving Swift the ability to have his text taken seriously and conveying his message without it being dismissed lightly.

  1. Write and essay on the methods and objectives of Swift's satire.

    Similarly there are two political parties in Lilliput called the 'Tramecksan' and 'Slamecksan'. These parties correspond to the Tories and the Whigs, the two major British political parties at that time. Lilliput's potent enemy abroad is the island of 'Blefuscu' which represents England's enemy France.

  2. Sick Swift - Analysing an article from the Irish herald that discussed Jonathan Swift's ...

    For one to accuse his own Irish brothers, is a traitor and does not deserve to be called 'Irish'." Views like this one are commonplace about Swift's invention of accusations. Even the workers and tenants living on land owned by landlords think that Swift is going to far in his inhumane and veil solution to his imaginary problem.

  1. Compare the persuasive techniques and the development of the argument in 'Old Major's speech' ...

    He says "Man is the only real enemy we have". In the following two paragraphs, he plays on the animals' emotions by scaring them individually. He mainly picks on the animals that are liked by the rest of the farm.

  2. Guillivers Travels. In this essay I will discuss all 4 voyages in which ...

    ?Their skins appeared so coarse and uneaven, so variously coloured when I saw them near with a mole and there as broad as a trencher?. (Jonathon Swift 1726 5:88) He is repulsed by this and this provokes a realisation of how the Lilliputians must have felt towards him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work