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AS and A Level: Other Authors

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  1. Explore the narrative techniques used in the opening of "Heart of Darkness".

    The oppressive atmosphere of London and the freedom of the river is reinforced through reiteration of gloom and darkness which contrasted against imagery of light. For example, the river is described as "shining pacifically, the sky without a speck was benign immensity of unstained light." Imagery of unstained light, on water is one of beauty and also gives a sense of purity, and adventure; On the other hand the gloom brooding motionless seems creates a sense of foreboding Conrad uses repetition of the word "gloom" and "brooding" throughout to reinforce this ominous atmosphere.

    • Word count: 900
  2. The Age of Innocence - Ultimately a study of failure and frustration

    This constitutes the fact that Newland's choices were not ones of frustration, but rational choices that can be defended. Newland Archer defends the right of divorced women to make a new life with another man, and condemns the hypocrisy that allowed men, but not women to seek sexual fulfilment outside of a failed marriage: "I'm sick of the hypocrisy that would bury alive a woman of her age if her husband prefers to live with harlots... Women ought to be free - as free as we are." Such a strong statement seems to represent a frustration towards his fellow New Yorkers, however, with many of Newland's sweeping statements, the reader feels that he has not fully thought his view through, or doesn't even truly adhere to them, as Newland's own marriage is very traditional, but also oppressing him.

    • Word count: 858
  3. Harp in the south

    The term deception refers to the betrayal of others, in particular their loved ones. And 'misfits' refer to individuals in society who feel they don't belong. Throughout the mini-series Hughie is involved in deception, caused by the struggles and hardships he faces trying to find his place in Surry Hills. Hughie, like many other of the characters in The Harp in the South has dreams outside of Surry Hills. He dreams of living in the country and being a part of a marching band, a dream that is shown through the use of drum rolls and marching band music whenever Hughie is present.

    • Word count: 859
  4. The Fall of the House of Usher - Edgar Allen Poe

    The narrator recieves a letter from Roderick Usher claiming "of a mental disorder which opressed him". This fact is one of the first we discover about Usher and this causes a sense of mystery due to the lack if information we have on Usher's personality. Peter Schaffer's play 'Equus', is presented in the same way, with as little information on one of the lead characters 'Alan Strang' and just the knowledge that he is mentally disturbed causing a similar effect as to the one Poe imposes on the reader. Furthermore, this makes the idea of his mental illness somehow significant in it's presentation to us and perhaps outlines that it will be an important asset to the story.

    • Word count: 639
  5. Threse Raquin by mile Zola

    The familiarity Zola builds between Th�r�se and the reader is really important, as the reader starts to really know the character well - they know all about the situation she is in, and the narrator tends to take Th�r�se's side at the start of the book with descriptions of the sickly Camille and his doting mother (Th�r�se's aunt). In this way, Th�r�se's voice starts to break through the narrative, so that without having this character tell the reader what happens or how she feels, her feelings are made quite obvious by Zola.

    • Word count: 862
  6. In what ways do African writers explore the theme of race?

    The Igbo-Hausa divide and the struggle of Biafra lay a foundation for the theme of race, however it is the representation of the Igbo majority that conveys the theme of race on a greater scale. Olanna and Odenigbo, alongside their intellectual friends, have troubled many critics who argue the 'African authenticity' of the novel. They cite these characters who are: 'educated, drive cars and are not starving,' as apparently not authentic - a notion that Adichie has addressed emphatically in a TEDtalks lecture in which she breaks down the African stereotypes by warning readers against subscribing to the 'single story'

    • Word count: 890
  7. How does Keats explore aspects of time in "La Belle dam sans Merci" and "Eve of St Agnes"?

    Moreover, the lack of future tense suggests to the listener that there is to be no future and hence no hope - adding to the melancholy mood produced by Keats. Conversely, Keats uses a linear chronology in the past tense throughout "The Eve of St Agnes", "How changed", in order to construct an ordered narrative. This separates the 'feel of both poems, distinguishing one ("Eve of St Agnes") as more story-like than the symbolic other ("La Belle Dame"). This also infers to the listener that Keats' use of time was a deliberate endeavour within his poetry and not simply the standard arrangement of poetic literature of the time.

    • Word count: 992
  8. Analyze how The Yellow Wallpaper can be interpreted as a feminist story.

    and a specific words choice. "The Yellow Wallpaper" contains description of a society and family model of the time. A woman does not act upon her own intentions for her husband makes all decisions in her name. She patiently fallows his instructions and recommendations, so she makes a dutiful and obedient wife. Even her nervous disorder is ignored and treated as a "slight hysterical tendency" (Gilman 399). The woman complains hopelessly "You see, he does not believe I am sick! And what can one do?" (399), as if she does not have any power of authority to do what she believes is best for her.

    • Word count: 866
  9. How did the wife keep her husbands ' hooly in my hand'

    This shows that the wife can control her husbands by withdrawing things they enjoy like sex therefore getting her way with them. Another way the wife managed to get her own way with her husbands was by nagging until they gave into her, at one point in the wife's tail, she talks about the way her husband acts with her and how he should be acting. From line 318 she says "thou sholdest seye, 'wyf, go wher thee liste; taak youre disport, I wol nat leve no talis.

    • Word count: 612
  10. In what ways does Gaskell negotiate the relationship between classes and individuals in the opening chapters of the novel?

    This shows the nature of Margaret's character early on and how she shall in time progress further and negotiate between classes in greater depth. This continues immediately with her new life in Milton, upon where she sees a mill worker "savagely beaten for little conceivable reason." This highlights Gaskell's aim in using Elizabeth to create a degree of sympathy for the demonised "militant working-classes" of the industrial era. This can be seen to an even greater extent with the relationship struck up by Margaret with Higgins' and her resultant friendship with Bessy.

    • Word count: 926
  11. nathanonial hawthorne

    While on his rendezvous with the devil, Young Goodman Brown was tempted many times, the struggle between good and evil was always present. Brown expressed his desire to turn back; he did not want to be the first to take this path and dishonor the family name. Brown listens as the devil tells him he has been well acquainted with both his father and grandfather for years. The devil further states incidents where he has helped them both. This is the first Young Goodman Brown had heard of their acquaintance with the devil.

    • Word count: 987
  12. Essay - The Imp of the Perverse

    He argues that the human instinct of 'perverseness' is not derived from any divine being ("Primum Mobila"), rather that it is almost a primitive "self-defense" mechanism; part of a dark 'flipside' of human progress; a recurring theme in Poe's stories (e.g. "the Black Cat"). This idea of perversity is demonstrated in the beginning of the story, and the character's actions described towards the end of it. The character exemplifies his perversity through his argument, and directly tells the reader that the manner of the beginning of the tale was an example of this.

    • Word count: 742
  13. Is the story "Daughters of the late Colonel" more comic than tragic for the reader overall? Be sure to comment on Mansfield's use of language.

    A casual reader might never discover this area of the story. It is as if Mansfield employs comic moments as a mask to cover the tragedy of the play. On one occasion Constantia is worrying about an imaginary mouse: "A spasm of pity squeezed her heart. Poor little thing! She wished she'd left a tiny piece of biscuit on the dressing table. It was awful to think of it not finding anything. What would it do?" The way Constantia exerts herself is simply pathetic. The reader is amused at her antics to attempt to bring the mouse some food.

    • Word count: 931
  14. Hound of the Baskervilles (Essay)

    Stories, serialized in magazines such as 'The Hound of The Baskervilles' were very popular in Victorian times, the Victorians obviously enjoyed the novel as it increased the effect of terror and mostly suspense such as cliff hangers at the end of chapters. The novel was so popular that the creators and publishers sold out every issue and had to keep up with the demand so they made more copies. The other reason for why this particular book was so popular is because the Victorians invented 'gothic' fiction which suggests that if they invented it they must enjoy reading it.

    • Word count: 734
  15. To what extent do Sergius and 'The Man' conform to Raina's notion of a 'romantic hero'?

    On the other hand, 'The Man' contrasts Sergius. He has 'short crisp bronze curls', 'clear quick eyes', 'good brows and mouth', 'prosaic nose', 'middle stature' and 'strong neck and shoulders'. Furthermore, unlike Sergius, 'The Man' has an 'undistinguished appearance' due to his 'deplorable plight'. He is 'bespattered with mud and blood and snow' and his blue tunic is torn. Therefore, 'The Man', in appearance, doesn't conform Raina's notion of a 'romantic hero' due to the conditions he is presented to her during the first part of the play.

    • Word count: 964
  16. Book Review of "The Hunchback of Notre Dame".

    One of the great qualities of this story is that it is very realistic, and has a genuine feel. The punishments, the crimes, and the accusations were practical and easy to accept. While Quasimodo is getting punished in Chapter 7, the punishment he endures was an actual punishment in the 1830?s. This story also has authentic characters, like Esmeralda and Phoebus. Phoebus is a player, and leaves Esmeralda, a girl head-over-heels for him, to die. The personality of these characters and their relationship is not impossible, and there are many people like them.

    • Word count: 473
  17. A Passage to India, a novel written by E.M. Forster, has a three-part structure which is significant to the whole work.

    The answer seems to be ?yes? in the first part according to the enjoyable conversation between Mrs. Moore and Dr. Aziz as well as the noticeable relationship between Aziz and Fielding. Another main character, Godbole, represents Hinduism in the novel. At the ending of Fielding?s tea party, Godbole sings a haunting song that affects both Adela and Mrs. Moore; here structure plays an important role as in a sense the song haunts them as HInduism haunts every part of the book. The second part, ?Caves,? is the climax of the novel and it is the hot season while these climatic events happen.

    • Word count: 526
  18. Heart Of Darkness Creative Writing

    It did not bring an end to my destiny of finally meeting him. It made my heart pump of pain, like a shot of eternal darkness overwhelmed me. The third station that is where my train of thought changed. The fowl, gruesome heads carelessly shoved on poles, smiling. Their strange contentment to be killed. As if they had respect for his decisions. No civilisation. No Mercy. Is Kurtz my hero? The disappointment still struggled to prevent my eagerness from meeting the extraordinary. He is not owned by the Natives; he simply, somehow became one. Why? How? I could never kill for such a selfish need. He did everything right, by doing everything wrong.

    • Word count: 778
  19. Woman characters in Elizabeth Gaskell's "North and South".

    She was good in picturing the life of that era, and showing the life of each class in details. Her first novel is Cranford. But what I'm going to write about is North and South. It is one of my favorite novels because of its strength and because of the atmosphere that the novel has developed it throughout the chapters. It was published in 22 chapters. The main sitting in the novel is in the town of Milton Northern; in the North of England. At first, it shows the life in the south of England and how it's simple and how the nature is pure; not destroyed by the industrial-era which was in the north.

    • Word count: 948
  20. Analysis of Roderick Usher's character in the story "The Fall of the house of Usher"

    and outermost layer of the human ego (our conscious self). Freud states that an individual can only control two-third of their mind that is the remaining one-third ? the ID cannot be controlled nor can one be even aware of its state. ID, which is our 'actual self', the honest complicated inner-being which decides our actions, even the ones we are incapable of explaining is something beyond one?s reach. One does not have any idea of what is going on that part of their mind; all the repressed feelings are also stored in this section.

    • Word count: 872
  21. Mrs Miller in Kate Chopins The Story of an Hour.

    The delicious breath or rain was in the air.? It is clear to the reader that Mrs. Mallard has a distinctly sanguine way about mourning her husband. The entirety of the story is sprinkled with symbols of new life and a grand hopefulness. Chopin?s word choice is careful and precise in depicting an optimistic scene. There is hardly room for a reader to argue that Mrs.

    • Word count: 628
  22. How the writer creates a sense of mystery in 'The Yellow Wallpaper'

    But there is something else about that paper ? the smell! ... The only thing I can think of that it is like isn?t the color of the paper! A yellow smell." ?Writers often try to achieve a sense of mystery in their work? including Charlotte Perkins Gilman in ?The Yellow Wallpaper?. I will be exploring how the writer tried to achieve this sense of mystery in her novel ?The Yellow Wallpaper The narrative is structured as a series of journal entries.

    • Word count: 691
  23. Explore the ways in which Poe shows the presence of violence in Murders of the Rue Morgue

    The descriptions used for the crime scene are also designed to be graphic in its description to help create an image of violence within the story: "tress...pulled out by the roots" tress is an older term for a chunk or lock of hair, but when it is described as pulled out by the roots, the use of very physical and graphic text to describe it helps again to depict a very aggressive attack in the readers mind.

    • Word count: 464
  24. How does Edith Wharton present New York society in the first chapter of the age of Innocence?

    The ?conservative? cherish the fact that the opera house is too small to accommodate a large variety of people. As this keeps out the ?new people?, the noveau riche class. Moreover, the upper class enjoyed going to the opera for socialising, however they were more than enthusiastic about leaving. ?Americans want to get away from amusement even more quickly then they want to get to it.? This illustrates the superficial nature of society. The wealthy go to the opera to be socially accepted but they?d prefer to be in the comforts of their own house away from the strict etiquette.

    • Word count: 818

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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