• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises

Extracts from this document...


Lindsay Mitchell Mrs. Holladay AP ENG November 1, 2002 The Code Hero in The Sun Also Rises Ernest Hemingway is famous for his portrayal of war-torn populations, especially those affected by World War I. The "Great War," as it is referred to, caused a lapse in values and standards in the generation who suffered through it, permanently damaging the remainder of their lives. Hemingway is equally famous for the use of a code hero who struggles to live in this post World War I age. Five different qualities, all of them the result of a physical or emotional wound, characterize Hemingway's code hero. This "anti-hero," for he never wins, is a habitual drinker, has varying levels of sanity, uses women, escapes through a variety of means, and is not content. In Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, Jake Barnes is the code hero who strives to live with dignity and grace despite his physical and symbolic wounds from World War I. The physical and symbolic implications of Jake's war wound are the source of his struggle. As a soldier is World War I, Jake suffers an injury that leaves him impotent. As if this physical wound is not enough, Jake's impotency takes on a symbolic meaning as well. This wound, which "still throbs and gives him pain" (Rovit 157), causes Jake to believe that because he cannot sexually fulfill anyone, he also cannot have a lasting relationship. He tells people he is "sick" (Hemingway 21), and consequently drives them away. The hero's impotency is symbolic of World War I, which "had been the catalytic agent in releasing the stark factor of nothingness and absurdity at the very root of the traditional values" (Rovit 159). ...read more.


Because Jake's wound prevents him from sexual gratification, he cannot sexually use women. He instead demonstrates this code hero characteristic in a more symbolic way in that "...however kindly Jake treats Georgette, his actions still reflect the rigid gender rules of the twentieth century" (O'Sullivan 66). Even though Jake does not use Georgette for what she is, he still pays for her company at the end of the night. "I took a fifty franc note, put it in the envelope, sealed it, and handed it to the patronne [to give to Georgette]" (Hemingway 28). Jake proves that even impotency cannot prevent him from assuming the male role in certain aspects of life. However, in contrast with the standard code hero, women also use Jake. According to critic Sibbie O'Sullivan, "Jake cannot be the traditional man because he is impotent" (70). Therefore, Brett has control of their relationship. This is made evident when Jake asks Brett if they could live together. She replies, "I don't think so. I'd just tromper you with everybody. You couldn't stand it" (Hemingway 57). Although both Brett and Jake realize they "could never have had an idyllic relationship even if [Jake] had not been wounded" (Hays 97), Brett still maintains control over their relationship. Furthermore, Brett uses Jake by calling for him every time she gets herself into an undesirable situation. This emphasizes the idea that a Hemingway code hero not only uses women as a way to ease the pain of reality, but that women remind him of this reality by using him. Jake physically escapes from the problems his struggle presents through travel. ...read more.


Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963. Broer, Lawrence R. Hemingway's Spanish Tragedy. Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1973. Davidson, Arnold E. and Cathy N. "Decoding the Hemingway Hero in The Sun Also Rises." New Essays on The Sun Also Rises. Ed. Linda Wagner-Martin. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1987. 83-107. Friedburg, Michael. "Hemingway and the Modern Metaphysical Tradition." Hemingway in Our Time. Ed. Richard Astro. Corvallis: Oregon State UP, 1974. 175-189. Halliday, E.M. "Hemingway's Ambiguity: Symbolism and Irony." Interpretation of American Literature. Ed. Paul Brodtkorb, Jr. New York: Oxford UP, 1959. 297-319. Hardy, Richard E., and John G. Cull. Hemingway: A Psychological Protrait. California: Banner Books International, 1977. Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 1926. "Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises Speaks for the Lost Generation, October 22, 1926." DISCovering World History. Gale Research, 1997. Reproduced in Discovering Collection. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. December 2000. <http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/DC/.> Martin, Wendy. "Brett Ashley as New Woman in The Sun Also Rises." New Essays on The Sun Also Rises. Ed. Linda Wagner-Martin. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1987. 65-81. O'Sullivan, Sibbie. "Love and Friendship/ Man and Woman in The Sun Also Rises." Ernest Hemingway: Seven Decades of Criticism. Ed. Linda Martin-Wagner. Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1998. 61-80. Pratt, John Clark. "A Sometimes Great Notion: Ernest Hemingway's Roman Catholicism." Hemingway in Our Time. Ed. Richard Astro. Corvallis: Oregon State UP, 1974. 145-157. Reynolds, Michael S. The Sun Also Rises: A Novel of the Twenties. Boston: G.K. Hall & Co, 1988. Rovit, Earl. Ernest Hemingway. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1963. Rudat, Wolfgang E.H. A Rotten Way to Be Wounded: The Tragicomedy of The Sun Also Rises. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc, 1990. Wagenknecht, Edward. Cavalcade of the American Novel. New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, Inc, 1952. Mitchell-1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Ernest Hemingway essays

  1. &amp;quot;The Killers&amp;quot; by Ernest Hemingway.

    Little things that may seem insignificant at first glance actually serve a noteworthy purpose in the story. Henry's Lunch-Room was once a saloon and is now owned by George, Al and Max eat their meals with their gloves on, Mrs.

  2. Study Questions for the Short Story, &amp;quot;Hills Like White Elephants&amp;quot; by Hemingway

    Note the symbolism of the two different landscapes on either side of the Zaragosa train station, plus the possible symbolism of the curtain, as suggested in the commentary beside the story. 5. Hemingway once suggested that his purpose in such a story is to tell the reader as little as possible directly yet to reveal characters' motives and their conflict.

  1. A Farewell To Arms Analysis. Throughout the novel A Farewell to Arms the ...

    (Hemingway 269) The reader is also left without knowing the true fate of Rinaldi. He speaks about a lack of interest in the quality of his life, he is mainly interested in enjoying every moment he has. His requirement for sedation is so severe, that he is unaware of what it is costing him.

  2. An example of Hemmingway writing positively is when he writes about the reaction of ...

    Although she says 'I know it' happily, I think she is happy because she thinks Nick is being romantic because he is talking about the night sky and that is considered to be romantic these days. She may also be happy because he started the conversation and that he took control.

  1. Feline Symbolism in The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber and The Snows of ...

    1 II. Abstract ..................................................................2 III. Contents Page ...........................................................3 IV. Introduction .............................................................4 V. Body ......................................................................4 - 8 VI. Conclusion ...............................................................8 - 9 VII. References................................................................10 Cats have been long regarded figures of strength and stoicism. Many writers use felines as a representation of such qualities to foil another character's features, like in Hemingway's short stories "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro."

  2. Discuss how the writer explores conflict in Ernest Hemingway's &amp;quot;The End of Something&amp;quot; and ...

    I think that the woman's relationship with Ralph is what sparks the conflict in this story. Before Ralph, the can be pictured as a quiet, happy and peaceful family and know Ralph has made his way into their family unit, there is conflict.

  1. Ernest Hemingway: A Biography and Annotated Bibliography for

    One defining moment came when he took a boxing class and as a result got banged up. He did not quit, but came back for more. It was this "determination to face fear and pain"(Koster 16) that allowed Hemingway to find a silhouette for his many heroic characters.

  2. Exploring the Iceberg: In Hills like White Elephants, Hemingways austere syntax consists mainly of ...

    He, in turn, is determined to provide this reassurance with a confidently rational voice so that she feels comfortable enough to proceed with the abortion and untangle the unhappy mess created by their carelessness. Both characters, however desperate and terrified they actually are, manage to maintain a certain degree of control over their physical demeanor and emotions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work