• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

China's one child policy The number of people in China hit 1.3 billion on 6 January 2005, and it's growing by 10 million every year.

Extracts from this document...


China's one child policy The number of people in China hit 1.3 billion on 6 January 2005, and it's growing by 10 million every year. The government thinks the country can't cope with the strain this is putting on society, so it introduced the one child policy to deal with it. This law only lets couples in cities have one child, unless they are from a minority group, or are both only children themselves. If they live in the countryside, they are allowed another after a long break. The one-child policy was introduced to ensure that China, which has historically been prone to floods and famine, could feed its entire people. The 'one child' policy insist on each couple living in the cities should only have one child, unless one or both of the couple are from an ethnic minority or they are both only children. ...read more.


Despite forced abortions and severe financial penalties, many couples still get around the law by sending the pregnant woman to stay with relatives until the baby is born or claiming the newborn baby was adopted or belongs to a friend or relative. Backed by the punitive sanctions, the 'one child' policy has generally worked in the cities. Infanticide is not common in China as the killing of one's child is against Chinese culture and religion. However, there are some evidence and accounts of parents killing their female infants in remote and rural areas due to various reasons, including: the family is not able to support all their children; the parents do not want to be looked down on or laughed at by the community (a woman who did not give birth to a boy may be considered "not good ...read more.


When the one-child policy was introduced, the government set a target population of 1.2 billion by the year 2000. The census of 2000 put the population at 1.27 billion, although some demographers regard this number as an underestimate. The collection of population statistics in China is known to be subject to manipulation to conform with family-planning regulations, since the process is overseen by officials who are often unwilling to uncover any violations of the rules. Chinese authorities claim that the policy has prevented 250 to 300 million births. The total fertility rate, which is defined as the mean number of children born per woman, decreased from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.7 in 2004, with a rate of 1.3 in urban areas and just under 2.0 in rural areas. This trend has created a distinct demographic pattern of urban families with predominantly one child and rural families with predominantly two children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Analyse the failures of the One Child Policy in China.

    and some sell their daughters to couples willing to look after them. However The One Child Policy has brought the birth rate in China down. In 1970 the birth rate was 33.43 per thousand, and in 1990 the birth rate dropped to 21.06 per thousand people.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    * Average annual rainfall is low - between 100mm and 200mm per year. Most rain occurs between June-September * Natural vegetation is xerophytic (drought-resistant). * Much of agriculture is nomadic pastoralism. * Farmers who usually rotate crops have been forced to stop allowing there soil fallow periods due to population pressure.

  1. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    demand exceeded supply. The government attempted to resolve this contradiction between low food prices needed for accumulation and the higher prices needed for food production by combination of compulsory purchases from producers and rationing of consumers. This was significant because it rectified two immediate problems; the need to support rural

  2. Data Interpretation (assignment 1)

    This means that there is a 2.6 person difference between Norwich and England / Wales. The mean per 1000 population in Norwich is 4.55; I got this data by adding the numbers together and dividing it by four. The mean per 1000 population in England / Wales is 3.9.

  1. It is clear that the US is finding the constant flow of would-be Mexican ...

    have sent no migrants to the US and that 57% of US-bound migrants in 2000 were from urban areas. One of the most surprising findings was that more than half of all Mexican-born adults in the US have high school diplomas or university degrees, and that 6% of Mexican college graduates had emigrated.

  2. Sao Paulo Research.

    The bulging ranks of the unemployed form one of the biggest challenges - and threats - facing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in the second year of his administration. A former blue-collar worker and left-wing activist, Lula was elected on promises that he would tackle Brazil's glaring social inequities and champion the poor and the struggling.


    They share with the Miao people a district in southern Hai-nan. Tibetans are distributed over the entire Tsinghai-Tibetan plateau. Outside Tibet, Tibetan minorities constitute autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties. There are five Tibetan autonomous prefectures in Tsinghai, two in Szechwan, and one each in Yunnan and Kansu.

  2. China's One Child Policy - Success or Failure?

    When the policy was first introduced, a 1.2 billion target population was set for the year 2000, however in this year the population was at 1.27 billion and even this was regarded as an underestimation. The Chinese authorities claim that the policy has prevented over 400 million births since it

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work