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China's one child policy The number of people in China hit 1.3 billion on 6 January 2005, and it's growing by 10 million every year.

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Introduction

China's one child policy The number of people in China hit 1.3 billion on 6 January 2005, and it's growing by 10 million every year. The government thinks the country can't cope with the strain this is putting on society, so it introduced the one child policy to deal with it. This law only lets couples in cities have one child, unless they are from a minority group, or are both only children themselves. If they live in the countryside, they are allowed another after a long break. The one-child policy was introduced to ensure that China, which has historically been prone to floods and famine, could feed its entire people. The 'one child' policy insist on each couple living in the cities should only have one child, unless one or both of the couple are from an ethnic minority or they are both only children. ...read more.

Middle

Despite forced abortions and severe financial penalties, many couples still get around the law by sending the pregnant woman to stay with relatives until the baby is born or claiming the newborn baby was adopted or belongs to a friend or relative. Backed by the punitive sanctions, the 'one child' policy has generally worked in the cities. Infanticide is not common in China as the killing of one's child is against Chinese culture and religion. However, there are some evidence and accounts of parents killing their female infants in remote and rural areas due to various reasons, including: the family is not able to support all their children; the parents do not want to be looked down on or laughed at by the community (a woman who did not give birth to a boy may be considered "not good ...read more.

Conclusion

When the one-child policy was introduced, the government set a target population of 1.2 billion by the year 2000. The census of 2000 put the population at 1.27 billion, although some demographers regard this number as an underestimate. The collection of population statistics in China is known to be subject to manipulation to conform with family-planning regulations, since the process is overseen by officials who are often unwilling to uncover any violations of the rules. Chinese authorities claim that the policy has prevented 250 to 300 million births. The total fertility rate, which is defined as the mean number of children born per woman, decreased from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.7 in 2004, with a rate of 1.3 in urban areas and just under 2.0 in rural areas. This trend has created a distinct demographic pattern of urban families with predominantly one child and rural families with predominantly two children. ...read more.

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