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Describe and account for the main patterns of migration since the 18th century.

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Introduction

Describe and account for the main patterns of migration since the 18th century Migration in the UK has shown many patterns since the 18th century. But until the 19th century there was very little migration in Britain. This was due to many things at the time. Unlike today back then infrastructure was very basic. Travel was difficult across difficult, which meant that, if you did want to migrate to another region of the UK, it would have been very difficult. Unawareness was a great factor in the little migration. Many people, especially in northern England were very ignorant about places that were not local, as everything they needed was there for them, people did not want to know about other cities in the country, what was there for them etc. Agriculture was the main industry at this time, so many people did not have a reason to want to migrate, jobs were good, money was steady, and people were happy. ...read more.

Middle

Since the 1920s however, there has been a steady drift away from the northern towns of industry and south Wales down to the south, and south east. There are many reasons to this. Exhaustion of raw materials in many of these places was a big factor. Due to decades of hard working, the materials just ran out, forcing workers to move elsewhere for work. In these industrial towns were ever increasing birth rates, which then meant more potential job seekers, meaning people would again, have to migrate. Post war industries, which tended to be footloose were a great factor of the migration to the south and south east. Many industries such as car manufacturing, and electronics were developing in the south, attracting many people, these industries did not have to be located near raw materials unlike many of the other industries in Britain, and since the 1980's many hi-tech businesses have started to spring up, again attracting a huge number of workers to the south east. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was all because the quality of living in suburbs is higher than in CBD's and inner cities. As well as this, housing cost was lower, and a lot of the time of better quality, pollution was much less, crime was low, and many inner city areas were becoming neglected and this was a huge push factor for people to move away. I believe that counter urbanisation will, in years to come still be on the increase, this is due to, as I said before areas becoming more and more neglected, crime rates at the moment are reasonably high, and this will push residents to the suburbs. I think that this will, in turn cause a knock on effect and this whole scenario could come around again in the suburbs. High cost of housing, high population densities will result in an increase in crime and pollution and in turn people will want to move back into the cities, basically I think a viscous circle will occur. ...read more.

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