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Explain Why Some Hazards Have Resulted In More Loss Of Life Than Others

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Introduction

Explain Why Some Hazards Have Resulted In More Loss Of Life Than Others. A hazardous event can incorporate many different Physical and Human disasters however for this specific essay I will be concentrating on Physical events only although it should not be forgotten that this question could lead to Human events too. It should also not be forgotten that loss of life doesn't just apply to humans however for this essay I will be concentrating on human life as animal life is not as widely documented to an accurate degree. A hazardous event is dictionary defined as, "A chance of being injured or harmed" However in this instance it could be defined as an event that happens which causes loss of life or endangers life of others. For this essay I will be looking at four specific case studies, each covering a different type of Hazardous Event and considering the amount of human life that was lost. For my first case study I will be looking at the volcanic eruption of Mount St. Helens and how the hazard affected the death toll. I chose this study as it affects a MEDC. For my second case study I shall be considering the effects of an earthquake in the city of Bam and how it affected the population there. ...read more.

Middle

Moving onto my second case study. This looks at the events in Bam, the ancient historic city in Iran, which was hit by an earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale on December 26th, 2003 resulting in the deaths of over 43,000 people and leaving over 60,000 people homeless. Many of the mud-brick buildings in Bam collapsed instantly resulting in the high loss of life. The mud-brick disintegrates easily into rubble, making rescue difficult and hopes of survival low. The survivors had not only lost friends and family, but their homes and everything else they had. Many were left destitute on the streets, some forced to spend the cold nights wrapped in blankets; whilst some were given tents, others made use of any shelter they could find. 90% of the buildings in the ancient citadel were completed destroyed. My third case study is considering amount of life lost in another LEDC after flooding in Bangladesh, 1998. Between July and September 1998, Bangladesh suffered one of its worse ever floods. Despite being flooding being common in this country, the floods of 1998 were particularly severe. Bangladesh receives large amounts of water passing through it with two major rivers (the Ganges and Brahmaputra) converging and forming a huge delta formed from silt deposited by the river as it enters the sea. ...read more.

Conclusion

If this was the case then can safely come to the conclusion that the trend seems to be that most life is lost in an LEDC in comparison to disaster in an MEDC This could be caused however due to the fact I have only examined four case studies. If more studies in different criteria's were used a different result may prevail, however in my opinion main factors which affect the amount of death are: How heavily the areas are populated and the quality of buildings there along with the time of day of the disaster and the time of year of the disaster. These two play a huge role in deciding the amount of life lost. If a disaster occurred at night when most people are in bed more life would be lost as opposed to a disaster that struck at midday when everyone is at work. This could however change in the future as spatial issues may show. Technology and building techniques are forever increasing, this increase and progress in technology may in the future lead to the reduction of impact caused by hazardous events as scientists may be able to predict events and take necessary precautions effectively. However at this moment in time, my view is that disasters which occur in LEDC's result in more loss of life than those which occur in an MEDC. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jon Coupland G3 Jan. 12, 09 ...read more.

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