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Geography Coursework How Does Farming Change Between Bredon Hill and Birlingham?

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Introduction

Methods Transect Lines We have transect line as a representation or section of a whole area. Our Line will go from the top Bredon Hill to Birlingham church, Instead of looking at all the fields. The Methods of Data Collection are: Gradient Test The Gradient test will tell us how steep the hill side is or is not. The only equipment you need for this test is two cling 'o' meters one for each person that is doing the test. To do this test stand 10m's apart look through the viewfinder at the other persons nose or eye and read the angle shown in the view finder. The good points about this test are that it is: * quick * easy and accurate The problems with this test are: * Have to have 2 people in order to do it * You have to stand on the steepest part of the slope * The people doing the test have to be virtually the same height. Another way to do this test is to use an OS map. Two Pershore High students doing this test. A cling o meter Infiltration Test This test will tell you how fast the water is absorbed into the ground. The list of equipment you need is as follows: * Old Tin Can * 100ml of water * Stopwatch * Measuring Jug To do this test firstly but the tin can firmly into the ground making sure there is no gaps that the water can quickly escape from. Then pour the 100ml of water into the can and at the same moment the water the ground start the stopwatch, wait until all the water has soaked into the ground and stop the stopwatch. Record the time in seconds. The strengths of this test are: * Easy to do * Simple equipment * Helps the farmers know when to irrigate (water the fields) ...read more.

Middle

This type of rain is more common in winter, which is why Pershore receives a lot more rain at this time of the year. The growing season, is the time when the temperature is above 6c. In Pershore the temperature was above 6c from March until November, so it was a 9 month growing season. This is quite a long growing season, which means that Pershore had a benefit over many other farmers in the country. The crops they plant will be ready first which means they can get the best price in the market (as if it isn't the strawberry season and the strawberries are ready the supermarket will pay more for the strawberries than usual.) This shows it is a good place for market gardening. If you look at the cross section through England and Wales you can see it's in a valley. These sloping valley sides allow cold air to drain away, which reduces frost risk. Starting in March, the number of frost days, drops dramatically, and then stays low all the way through until October when it starts to rise again. Pershore also receives warm air which is funnelled from The North Atlantic Drift, up the Severn Estuary in winter and early spring. This is why the summers are hotter, so the growing season is longer. Cambridge climate graph shows that the temperature rises in the summer months. The highest temperature is in July at 16.6c and the lowest is in January with 3.4c. The rain also rises towards the summer. The most rainfall per month was in July, with 60mm, and the least rain fell in February with only 31mm falling. This shows that Cambridge receives mostly convectional rainfall. As the land heats up, the water on the surface evaporates and rises. As the wet air rises in convection currents, it cools and produces thunder storms. Looking at the cross section through England and Wales, you can see that Cambridge is situated on very flat land. ...read more.

Conclusion

Site D is made up if lower lias which is generally very flat and fertile soil. The land is very good for market gardening because of the low gradient which I recorded at about 3 degrees and has very deep soil as you can see on the table provided. This is also a good place too have a feild as there is a south east aspect meaning that the crop gets a good amount of sun. Sampling point geology Soil depth aspect Site A Upper lias 35 cm North Site B Middle lias 65+ cm Slight north Site C Alluvium 65+ cm Flat Site D Lower lias 55 cm Slight south east Hypothsis 2 'Market gardening is more likely to be within large areas of good communication' Take the Vale of Evesham; it is in the near enough middle of Britain so it is near the main motorways of the country such as: The Vale of Evesham also has lots of main roads and dual carriage ways near it. It has also two rivers, The River Severn and The River Avon which passes through the centre of it and they also meet at Tewksbury which is about 10 mins away from Evesham so that is another benefit for market gardening with good links. There is also a very good railway track and service around this area. The market gardening place's are no longer in rural areas because They need to be quite close to roads like I mentioned before. However they shouldn't need to that close because of the use of refrigerated lorries which help keep to preserve vegetables without freezing them. They do this because scientists believe that freezing takes out at least 60% of the goodness from the fruit or vegetable. And also they need to be closer too cities, markets, and motorways because there will then be no big travel costs. Geography Coursework "How Does Farming Change Between Bredon Hill and Birlingham?" By Luke Pallett ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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