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Notes on China's One Child Policy

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´╗┐China?s One Child Policy Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg The Population Problem * Since 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has ruled China. * Between the 1960s-1970s the Chinese leader Mao Zedong encouraged people to have large families. He believed: * More people meant a stronger China * In the event of a war with the USA, more people would ensure victory * However, by the early 1970s it was clear there was not enough food, water jobs or services to cope with rapidly growing population. ...read more.


China wanted to focus on growth in: * Industry * Agriculture * Defence * Science * Technology Results of China One Child Policy (1984-2013) * Population growth reduced from 2.4% to 1% * Average fertility rate in 2006 down to 1.7 children per woman. * Precluded the need for China to cope with 300 million extra births. * More relaxing in 21st Century ? Rural families may now have two children Consequences of the ?One family, one child? policy * Led to 86 girls to 100 boys in China * Desire to have a boy is part of China?s culture * ?Only a son? ...read more.


* Some men divorce their wives if a girl is born ? this way they can try again for a boy with a new wife * Some new-born babied ? especially girls ? have been killed, abandoned at birth, or sold to ?baby traffickers? * Parents who have two children in a short time pretend they are twins to avoid being fined. * Couples face being fined for having a second child which can be from $400 to $14,000. This fine can be a year?s salary for many workers Demographic Transition in China ...read more.

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