• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

River Valley Project

Extracts from this document...


Major River Valley Project * Muti-purpose River Valley Project o A huge dam or a series of dams built on a river and it's tributaries to satisfy many purposes, other than just generating hydel-power, and that too simultaneously. India has come a long way in this field as it has numerous numbers of these projects. * Aims o As the name suggests, there are many purposes of a Muti-purpose River Valley Project. The following are some of them: - * Hydro-electricity production * Avoiding floods and famines * Irrigating fields * Protecting the soil * Supporting afforestation and preserving the natural Ecosystem * Inland navigation ways * Providing fishing grounds * Increasing tourism o Some River Valley Projects of India are as follows * Bhakra Nangal Dam- * River -Satluj * Storage - 7,80,000 hectare-metres * Lakes - guru Gobind Sagar. * Irrigation - 1.4 million hectares * Power -The Nangal Power Plant - 1204 mw annually * Areas -Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi. * Specialty -highest gravity dam in the world at a height of 226 metres. * Damodar Valley- * River -Damodar * Irrigation -.5 million hectares. * Areas - Bihar and west Bengal * Speciality - First in India. ...read more.


exported * Manganese * Reserves - 167 million tones * Areas - Karnataka, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa * Uses - used in Ferro-alloys for strength * Mica * Reserves - 122000 tones(90% production in world) * Areas - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan * Uses - used in electrical industry, Trade * Copper * Reserves - 416.8 million tones * Areas - Singhbhum in Bihar, Bala ghat in Madhya Pradesh and Jhunjhunu and Alwar in Rajasthan * Uses - Domestic purposes, Wires as conductor * Gold * Reserves - 66700 Kg * Areas - Kolar mines (Deepest in the world), Hutti mine both in Karnataka, and some in Andhra Pradesh. Major Power Resources From the start of Mankind, Humans have been extracting resources for power. He started with his own, upgraded to animal power, invented Fire, and then started extracting coal and other energy producing substances to create Fire. However, after the industrial era, there is a sudden need for more energy. Wood fuel, confined only to domestic use and that too in the rural areas was not a good choice in this kind of situation. Coal, which was already in use, became a highly priced commodity. Similarly, the use of hydroelectricity gained currency in the areas where running water and needed technology was readily available. ...read more.


o Nuclear Power- As India is deficient in quality coal and oil, Nuclear power is necessary, India is lucky to be rich in it. Uranium in Singhbhum, Thromiun in Kerela and graphite in eastern hills are the atomic deposits in India, which is used to produce nuclear power from nuclear plants like Tarapur, Rawatbhat, Kalpakkam and Narora. o Power Grid- The major use of the above given sources is to produce electricity. Therefore, its management is an important factor. It is expected for this a national grid is expected to be built for electricity, from the current five regional grids. Nevertheless, this needs huge expenditure on infrastructure and management, which would not be preferable currently. Non-Conventional Sources of Energy Sources of energy those are ancient, like wind and running water, are called non-conventional sources of energy. These are environmental friendly too. Today, the following sources lie in this category: - o Wind Energy- * Electricity -20,000mw * Areas- Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Gujarat and Orissa o Tidal Energy * Areas- Gulf of Kachchh, and Cambay o Solar Energy * Uses * Cooking * Water heaters * Crop drying * Water desalination * Electricity * Geo-thermal * Biomass * This can further be classified o Energy Plantation o Energy From Urban Waste o Bagasse Based Power Plants o Farm, Animal and Human Wastes o Smokeless Chulhas(Better Utilization) o o o o ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology essays

  1. Study the river Cray and see whether the river actually follows a natural path ...

    For example, when a river stream flows over an area of limestone (calcium carbonate), it erodes the limestone by reacting chemically with it and dissolves it. Abrasion, otherwise known as abrasion, is the grinding of rock fragments carried by the river against the bed and banks of the river.

  2. To what extent are fluvio-glacial deposits and landforms distinctive?

    However, on a very general scale, glacial troughs can be seen as the greatest impact of glacial erosion as they are the single largest feature to be produced by glacial erosion. Glaciation is a very dynamic concept, which makes the impacts even harder to assess as changes are constantly occurring.

  1. Geograpgy glendun river

    This graph helps me to test my first hypothesis; I think the best fit line would be nearly perfect on this graph. These results are ideal and what I would expect, the stream getting wider from source to mouth. Site 5 is just over 5 times wider than site 1.

  2. Does the river Alyn follow Bradshaw's model?

    obtain a numerical value for the quality of the relationship between each set of variables. The results were as follows. Data Analysis Wetted Perimeter Rank Discharge Rank Difference (d) Difference� 11.2 4 0.92 10 6 36 11.7 3 1.49 5 2 4 6.08 16 0.9 11 5 25 6.8 13

  1. Investigating the river Caerfanell

    - There are many distractions and safety issues related to this task, which may lead the person to measuring taking an imprecise measurement of a pool or riffle in the riverbed. Safety issues include the slippery bedrock under the water, which could easily have lead to a serious injury.

  2. To dam or not to dam - the Yangtze.

    It seems that the Chinese government has had to give up many things in order to complete this project. It does not seem as though the Chinese government has gained more benefits than what it has lost. However, since the dam construction is underway, it is very unworthy if the government discontinues it.

  1. Do the Characteristics of a river change downstream?

    * Most of the methods were more or less fun in one way or another ensuring that no one was bored. This is beneficial to the investigation in obvious ways. Method 1 - Channel, width and depth of the River Wharfe and Backstone Beck.

  2. The Mississippi River, located in North America, begins in Lake Itasca, Minnesota and flows ...

    The uncharacteristic heavy rains were a result of warm, moist air streams from the Gulf of Mexico meeting cold, dry air from the Midwest and Canada. The colder air cools the warm air. This causes condensation, and the moisture in the warm air falls as precipitation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work