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Should the Brazilian government allow continuation of further development in the Amazon rainforest?

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Introduction

Should the Brazilian government allow continuation of further development in the Amazon rainforest? The tropical rainforests of South America, Africa, Asia and the north of Australia are all distributed evenly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The Equator runs through some of these rainforests and is also close to some of them. The map below illustrates all the rainforests in the world and the distribution of them. The tropical rainforests of the world are all global ecosystems. An ecosystem is the link between plants and animals and the habitats in which they live in, so this is why we call tropical rainforests ecosystems because they link the animal life, with the plant life. Another word for global ecosystems is biomes. An example of a biome that I will be referring to is the Amazon rainforest. This tropical rainforest is one of the largest tropical rainforest in the world and is home to 10 per cent of all known plant and animal species. To describe the rainforest in briefer terms, we can say that it is a type of 'system'; it has four main parts, which classify it as a system. The rainforest has an Input, which is material or energy moving into the system. An Output is material or energy leaving the system. Stores are places where material or energy is kept and Flows are movement of materials or energy between the stores. All these four parts are vital to the system and if one part of the system is taken away, then the whole system will fail to proceed and will stop. There are many natural chains and cycles, which take place in all rainforests, such as, the food chain, the nutrient cycle, the water cycle etc. The food chain is a natural chain, which is ongoing to keep organisms healthy and alive. There are countless numbers of food chains, which go on and keep organisms in the world alive. ...read more.

Middle

They use the trees to make something, e.g. canoes, baskets, houses, and the waste that is made is then burnt, as the waste is for no use and it also provides nutrients for the soil. The stumps of the trees are left in the soil because they are difficult to remove and their roots keep the soil together, this prevents soil erosion. As harvesting time begins, the Indigenous Indians harvest their crops and use them as food. After two or three years the soil loses its fertility and the fields are abandoned. The area begins to grow back to a forest. The Indians move on to another area of the forest to grow their crops. Brazil as a country also uses the rainforest to earn money as a country. As it is a LEDC (less economically developed country), it needs all the money it can make from the resources available in the country. One of the main ways, in which the Brazil uses the rainforest, is through Deforestation. This is when trees, such as mahogany, are cut down and then sold on to other countries or places in the world, in return for money. To transport the trees, the Brazilian people have to make transport links, and this means clearing the rainforest to build roads for transport. Brazil also uses the rainforest to produce hydroelectric power. To produce this, Brazilian people flood large parts of the rainforest and then build dams and lakes. The country also has cattle ranching going on in parts of the rainforest. This is when large amounts of the rainforest are removed for cattle to graze, and then eventually these cattle are sold on. Brazil also plants tropical fruits and uses them for trade. The Brazilian people clear parts of the rainforest to plant crops, which in the future are sold on. All of the income and profit made from these developments is still not enough to transform it from a LEDC to a MEDC. ...read more.

Conclusion

Should the government allow the continuation of further development on the Rainforest? In my opinion, I think that the answer is yes and no. The reason being is because I believe that the Brazilian government should prevent development taking place in the rainforest because firstly it is destroying and exploiting it. Statistics have told us that the Amazon rainforest is disappearing rapidly and that most of it has already gone. Natural beauty is being lost through development of the rainforest. Rare animals, such as the Toucan, are being lost. The habitats of the animals, which the rainforest houses are also in danger by further development in the rainforest. The danger of destroying the water and nutrient cycle in the rainforest should also be considered because without the water and nutrient cycle the rainforest will first get flooded, which will erode the soil, and then eventually the cleared out areas will transform into a desert. Climate change will take place in places undergone desertification because places such as deserts have very high temperatures, which will affect Brazil as a country. On the contrary, I think that the rainforest should be used for further development. This is because I believe that the Brazilian people can use the rainforest as an advantage, due to the fact that they are a LEDC. Brazil can provide themselves a steady income if they were to continue with further development in the rainforest. The country can sell timber as well as non-timber products from the rainforest to other countries and yet have a profit to help the country pay of debts and increase the quality of life for the people living in Brazil. The rainforest can also provide enough money to help the 4 million people in Brazil living in shanty homes, to live in a much stable and safer home than before. As a whole, I am unsure if continued development should be allowed in the rainforest. ?? ?? ...read more.

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