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Vulnerability to Hazards - List the disasters in Costa Rica in the 30-year period.

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Introduction

.VULNERABILITY TO HAZARDS. Question 17: List the disasters in Costa Rica in the 30-year period. Costa Rica is one of the world's most hazard-prone areas. Costa Rica is on the intersection of five tectonic plates. The Country is exposed to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding, drought, hurricanes, landslides and storm surges. The natural disasters from the last thirty years in Costa Rica are as follows: Year(s) Type Of Disaster Area 1968/75/76 Volcanic Activity The volcano 'Arenal' 1970 Flood On the coast of the Caribbean sea 1970/86/90 Hurricane On the boarder of Panama 1973 and 88 Hurricane Off of the Nicaraguan boarder 1983 Flood and Earthquake On the coast of the Pacific Ocean 1983 Hurricane San Isdro 1983 Hurricane On the coast of the Pacific Ocean 1990 Earth Quake Alajuela 1990 Flood and Earthquake Near C´┐Żbano ...read more.

Middle

Only 37 percent of the homes are elevated and only 1 percent of the homes are built to any seismic specification. Costa Rica is a very poor country and the economic state of the country makes it very vulnerable to natural disasters. In Costa Rica, the local organisations try to ease the impacts of disasters by preparing the people. But in the surveyed areas this was not the case because of class arrangement and hazard awareness. Every one has a different way perceiving a natural disaster. 27 percent of the surveyed people believed that hazards were just a product of nature, 11 percent believed that a disaster is a punishment or the will of God and 24 percent did not know the cause. ...read more.

Conclusion

The changes in the environment, caused by poor land management and deforestation, can increase flooding, landslides, and avalanches. Costa Rica is very defenceless to natural hazards, this is mainly due to the Economic, Social, Educational, Informational and Environmental vulnerable state of the country. Question 19: Explain why it will be difficult to reduce the vulnerability of the people in Costa Rica. It will be extremely difficult to reduce the vulnerability of ht people of Costa Rica. This is because, it is not just the people that are vulnerable, the whole country is vulnerable, the Economic, Social, Educational, Informational and Environmental state, all lead to the vulnerability of the people. For the people at less risk, the Economic, Social, Educational, Informational and Environmental state must be improved first, to reduce the risk of natural hazards. This is why it is so hard to reduce the vulnerability of the people. ALEX DAY 5/9/2001 ...read more.

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