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What is Deforestation?

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Introduction

Deforestation occurs when a large area with trees is cleared off completely. At this current point of time, this unwanted process has reached its maximum level at various parts of the world. Since 1950, a fifth of the world's forest cover has been removed. At least 55% of the world's 30 to 40 million hectares of rare but incredibly productive temperate rainforest has been logged or otherwise cleared. Current rates of loss for rainforests and other ecosystems are over 20 million hectares a year, 40 hectares a minute. According to reports by World Resources Institute (WRI) and Rainforest Alliance, tropical forests account for 80% of that loss. An area almost the size of Washington State is destroyed each year, and at current rates, tropical forests will be reduced by almost half from existing levels in the next 45 years. There are many causes that bring about this phenomenon. Unfortunately, there are also many consequences that occur. About 2.9 billion tons of carbon is accumulated into the atmosphere every year. It has been estimated that deforestation could account for about 20 percent of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere. ...read more.

Middle

Another final result in the cycle is desertification. Desertification is a process whereby the productivity of drought- prone land decreases because of a variety of factors including deforestation, over cultivation, drought, overgrazing (poor rangeland management), poor irrigation (water logging and salinisation), soil erosion, chemical action and other practices. Many of the problems associated with deforestation are linked to desertification. Some analysts believe desertification is only a phase in a natural climatic process that does not receive attention because it is occurs slowly and over the long term. Extinction of species will also occur. This is done by taking away the habitat that those species are living in and are adapted to. This does not extend to only animals, but also to people. For example, Brazil has lost 87 tribes between 1900 and 1950. this can be classified as cultural diversity. Despite the fact that we are losing many wild life species due to the current rate of pollution, the number of species that will become extinct will augment because of this problem. It has been predicted that by the year 2010, we will lose about a million species, if this crisis continues to go on. ...read more.

Conclusion

We, as consumers, also could lower the rate wastage and over-consumption. This would yield significant benefits for forests and economies without sacrificing the quality of life. The root of all solutions begins with small-scale initiatives. Efforts such as recognising the rights of traditional owners of tropical rainforests should be made. Almost all of them conflict with the development strategies of the dominant social classes and international development agencies that have taken control of their lands and who consistently ignore their basic rights and often even their very existence. This is because the only way to achieve a successful project to save the forest is by compromising with the owners. History has proven this statement. In Papua New Guinea and Ecuador, the Rainforest Information Centre and other organisations have been involved in schemes which support the development aspirations of traditional landowners with small-scale independent projects. On the other hand, in Malaysia and Indonesia, where the rights of traditional owners have been ignored, attempts to save rainforests have been homogeneously fruitless. Governments of all developing countries should discuss this matter seriously and take action so that this world can be a better place to live in. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dipesh Remais U 206 1 ...read more.

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