• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is Deforestation?

Extracts from this document...


Deforestation occurs when a large area with trees is cleared off completely. At this current point of time, this unwanted process has reached its maximum level at various parts of the world. Since 1950, a fifth of the world's forest cover has been removed. At least 55% of the world's 30 to 40 million hectares of rare but incredibly productive temperate rainforest has been logged or otherwise cleared. Current rates of loss for rainforests and other ecosystems are over 20 million hectares a year, 40 hectares a minute. According to reports by World Resources Institute (WRI) and Rainforest Alliance, tropical forests account for 80% of that loss. An area almost the size of Washington State is destroyed each year, and at current rates, tropical forests will be reduced by almost half from existing levels in the next 45 years. There are many causes that bring about this phenomenon. Unfortunately, there are also many consequences that occur. About 2.9 billion tons of carbon is accumulated into the atmosphere every year. It has been estimated that deforestation could account for about 20 percent of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere. ...read more.


Another final result in the cycle is desertification. Desertification is a process whereby the productivity of drought- prone land decreases because of a variety of factors including deforestation, over cultivation, drought, overgrazing (poor rangeland management), poor irrigation (water logging and salinisation), soil erosion, chemical action and other practices. Many of the problems associated with deforestation are linked to desertification. Some analysts believe desertification is only a phase in a natural climatic process that does not receive attention because it is occurs slowly and over the long term. Extinction of species will also occur. This is done by taking away the habitat that those species are living in and are adapted to. This does not extend to only animals, but also to people. For example, Brazil has lost 87 tribes between 1900 and 1950. this can be classified as cultural diversity. Despite the fact that we are losing many wild life species due to the current rate of pollution, the number of species that will become extinct will augment because of this problem. It has been predicted that by the year 2010, we will lose about a million species, if this crisis continues to go on. ...read more.


We, as consumers, also could lower the rate wastage and over-consumption. This would yield significant benefits for forests and economies without sacrificing the quality of life. The root of all solutions begins with small-scale initiatives. Efforts such as recognising the rights of traditional owners of tropical rainforests should be made. Almost all of them conflict with the development strategies of the dominant social classes and international development agencies that have taken control of their lands and who consistently ignore their basic rights and often even their very existence. This is because the only way to achieve a successful project to save the forest is by compromising with the owners. History has proven this statement. In Papua New Guinea and Ecuador, the Rainforest Information Centre and other organisations have been involved in schemes which support the development aspirations of traditional landowners with small-scale independent projects. On the other hand, in Malaysia and Indonesia, where the rights of traditional owners have been ignored, attempts to save rainforests have been homogeneously fruitless. Governments of all developing countries should discuss this matter seriously and take action so that this world can be a better place to live in. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dipesh Remais U 206 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Causes of deforestation.

    Their lifestyles were similar to the indigenous population, but unlike the indigenous population, they sold some crops, fish, jute, and the like to local traders. The third groups are the hunters, agriculturalists, and extractives. Extractives collected rubber, Brazil nuts and other forest product to sell.

  2. Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia.

    A major problem that resulted from these fires was that the smoke spread to Malaysia causing serious air pollution. The smoke was not only dangerous to people's health, but the industrial and automobile pollutants trapped below the smoke were also a major threat.

  1. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    This does not mean that there little organic matter in the system itself. Unlike other forests, most of the tropical rainforest's biomass is stored in the plants themselves, while rapid bacterial decay ensures nutrients from decomposition are rapidly available for reabsorption (Encarta 2002, "Rain Forest", 2002, Microsoft Co.).

  2. Evaluate The Impact Of Deforestation In Indonesia.

    There are many causes of deforestation. Many development institutions and politicians regard population pressure as the major factor causing rainforest destruction. However, the belief that this is the main cause of rainforest loss is used by many governments and businesses to imply that there is little or nothing they can do about the problem of rainforest destruction.

  1. Tropical rainforests - causes and effects of deforestation, and possible alternatives to current practices.

    An estimated 50 million tribal people live within the world's tropical forests. They rely completely on the forests for their livelihood, using the forests for food, shelter, agricultural implements, herbs for their traditional medicines, and fiber and dyes for their clothes.

  2. The causes of desertificationDesertification is the degradation of drylands. It involves the loss of ...

    When pastures are overgrazed by too many animals, or by inappropriate types, edible plant species may be lost, allowing inedible species to invade. Some of the consequences are borne by people living outside the immediately affected area. Degraded land may cause downstream flooding, reduced water quality, sedimentation in rivers and lakes, and siltation of reservoirs and navigation channels.

  1. Management of woodland area.

    Forest but this won't be allowed because if animals graze in the Forest and don't belong there then there will not be enough food for the animals that belong in the forest such as deer, and rabbits. If people are allowed to feed their horses or cows in the forest

  2. The Loss Of Tropical Rainforests: Solutions and ideas Case study: Brazil

    untouched areas that had previously been granted protection by the government would be a catastrophic mistake. (9) Mines such as Porto Trombetas (10), the largest Bauxite mine in the world, clearly do not bode well with sustainable use of the rainforest.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work