• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why do conflicts arise when Tropical Rainforests are threatened with clearance? Reference your answer with a specific area.

Extracts from this document...


Why do conflicts arise when Tropical Rainforests are threatened with clearance? Reference your answer with a specific area. (10 marks) The tropical rainforests are unique treasure troves for many biologists and geologists. This biome is the most biologically diverse ecosystem in the world, home to 50% of the world's species and contains a fifth of the world's fresh water. It is largely unexplored in scientific terms, and the great diversity of life found within these areas holds great interest with members of the scientific community, particularly with regard to the research of medical sciences. Despite this, tropical rainforests are disappearing at an exponential rate. Human activity has reduced global coverage from 18 million km2 to less than 10.5 km2. Much of the worlds tropical rainforest is found in less economically developed countries (LEDC's). These countries are willing to exploit the natural world and its resources in their struggle to develop. There are a number of factors that lead to or add to the destruction of the rainforests, many of these issues are interlinked, lead to other problems or simply create a vicious cycle. ...read more.


The Ecuadorian government believes that the rainforest within its borders are the answer to its problem. Vast quantities of oil have been discovered beneath the rainforest. In 1981 three thousand barrels of the black gold were extracted, in less than a decade production had increased by 10,000%. The extraction instantly resulted in major problems. Accidents released at least 18 million gallons of oil into the Ecuadorian Amazon region since production first began. The chemicals inadvertently introduced into the water decimated many aquatic ecosystems, systems/ that the natives relied on for food. The damage did not stop there. Secondary affects threatened not only the Huaorani's home, but also their culture. To increase efficient export of oil, a vast project was introduced to improve infrastructure. This involved the construction of roads deep into areas of untouched rainforest. Not only did this result in destruction of yet more rainforest, it also allowed increased opportunities for settlers to colonise virgin forest. With extra settlers, yet more space was needed for farms. 35,000 hectares of rainforest was cleared for these settlers. ...read more.


The Ecuadorian government chose to ignore the fact that they were building on a United Nations designated natural reserve. With land reclaimed, some Huaorani adopted their previous lifestyle. The oil companies/settlers and cash crop barons were encouraged to implement new methods of farming, in particular the idea of permaculture, whereby farming has minimal affect on the environment by keeping the changes in microclimate at minimal levels. This is achieved in the rainforest by maintaining the canopy of trees over cash crops. This reduces the leaching of nutrients from the soils, thereby increasing the sustainability of the soil. Meanwhile, the Huaorani promote awareness of the importance of the environment by ecotours. In this situation the conflict of interests has come to an acceptable compromise, although the damage to the rainforest and the Huaorani people's culture cannot be undone. In many cases, other peoples indigenous to the tropical rainforests of the world were not so lucky, their home and culture was stripped away from them as people of the developed world turned a blind eye as they drank coffee in their mahogany furnished living rooms. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Thailand Highways Management Project

    According to DOH official statistics, the road accident is accounting for 12 deaths per 10,000 vehicles, which is about six times the rate in developed countries.30 percents of this statistics occurred in national highway. The accident yields social and economical loss.

  2. A2 Model Answer :

    about 1980 that the fault lay in the sulphur dioxide given off from the burning of fossil fuels. N.B. All of the above concerns have a moral dimension - which can take a religious perspective. Christians see the environment as evidence that God`s hand is at work in the continuous cycle and patterns of the seasons.

  1. Deforestation in the Worlds Tropical Rainforests

    The slash and burn process is however highly inefficient as up to 90 percent of nutrients are present in the vegetation itself, which are lost during the slash and burn process. In comparison, temperate forests store 97 percent of the nutrients required for new plant growth in the soil.

  2. With reference to one major biome you have studied, evaluate the role of human ...

    These include measures such as directional felling of trees and the cutting of vines to prevent damage to surrounding trees. It is said that to extract 10% of trees in an area, 50% of the surrounding trees are either destroyed or damaged.

  1. Tropical Rainforest - Case Study

    300 trees are cut down a week and 1500 trees a year. By cutting down all these trees animals are losing habitats or food sources. Also local tribes that live in the tropical rainforests are not able to use the roots or plants in the forests for medicine or for

  2. What Are the Effects of Rapid, Large-scale Clearance of Tropical Rainforests?

    Up to 5000 individual fires may be burning at the same time. It is my opinion that the clearance of the world's rainforets is a waste of one of the world's greatest assets. Species of plant and animal life that inhabit rainforests, and depend on it for their survival are

  1. The impact of human activity in tropical rainforests - examples from Madagascar.

    removed, nutrients are quickly lost from the system by intense rainfall, creating infertile conditions * Biological richness of the park is extremely high- home to 12 lemur species and one third of Madagascar?s bird species * Park is divided into a core protected zone of 41,500 hectares, surrounded by a

  2. What are the opportunities and constraints of living in and exploiting, cold environments?

    to do so, meaning they have had to bit the bullet, say goodbye to their culture and work for the oil companies or face poverty. Global warming also causes constraints on people living in cold environments as it is capable of changing the shape of an area.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work