• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why do conflicts arise when Tropical Rainforests are threatened with clearance? Reference your answer with a specific area.

Extracts from this document...


Why do conflicts arise when Tropical Rainforests are threatened with clearance? Reference your answer with a specific area. (10 marks) The tropical rainforests are unique treasure troves for many biologists and geologists. This biome is the most biologically diverse ecosystem in the world, home to 50% of the world's species and contains a fifth of the world's fresh water. It is largely unexplored in scientific terms, and the great diversity of life found within these areas holds great interest with members of the scientific community, particularly with regard to the research of medical sciences. Despite this, tropical rainforests are disappearing at an exponential rate. Human activity has reduced global coverage from 18 million km2 to less than 10.5 km2. Much of the worlds tropical rainforest is found in less economically developed countries (LEDC's). These countries are willing to exploit the natural world and its resources in their struggle to develop. There are a number of factors that lead to or add to the destruction of the rainforests, many of these issues are interlinked, lead to other problems or simply create a vicious cycle. ...read more.


The Ecuadorian government believes that the rainforest within its borders are the answer to its problem. Vast quantities of oil have been discovered beneath the rainforest. In 1981 three thousand barrels of the black gold were extracted, in less than a decade production had increased by 10,000%. The extraction instantly resulted in major problems. Accidents released at least 18 million gallons of oil into the Ecuadorian Amazon region since production first began. The chemicals inadvertently introduced into the water decimated many aquatic ecosystems, systems/ that the natives relied on for food. The damage did not stop there. Secondary affects threatened not only the Huaorani's home, but also their culture. To increase efficient export of oil, a vast project was introduced to improve infrastructure. This involved the construction of roads deep into areas of untouched rainforest. Not only did this result in destruction of yet more rainforest, it also allowed increased opportunities for settlers to colonise virgin forest. With extra settlers, yet more space was needed for farms. 35,000 hectares of rainforest was cleared for these settlers. ...read more.


The Ecuadorian government chose to ignore the fact that they were building on a United Nations designated natural reserve. With land reclaimed, some Huaorani adopted their previous lifestyle. The oil companies/settlers and cash crop barons were encouraged to implement new methods of farming, in particular the idea of permaculture, whereby farming has minimal affect on the environment by keeping the changes in microclimate at minimal levels. This is achieved in the rainforest by maintaining the canopy of trees over cash crops. This reduces the leaching of nutrients from the soils, thereby increasing the sustainability of the soil. Meanwhile, the Huaorani promote awareness of the importance of the environment by ecotours. In this situation the conflict of interests has come to an acceptable compromise, although the damage to the rainforest and the Huaorani people's culture cannot be undone. In many cases, other peoples indigenous to the tropical rainforests of the world were not so lucky, their home and culture was stripped away from them as people of the developed world turned a blind eye as they drank coffee in their mahogany furnished living rooms. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. With reference to one major biome you have studied, evaluate the role of human ...

    In Indonesia no replanting policies have been introduced to replace deforested areas leaving the soil exposed to erosion. Indonesia's population is 197 600 000 and is rapidly growing. Overpopulation is endemic and poverty is widespread. This situation means that the jobs created by the logging industry (700 000 people are employed directly)

  2. The Loss Of Tropical Rainforests: Solutions and ideas Case study: Brazil

    And now the Amazon, who's forest is decreasing at a current rate of 8,500 square miles a year (not inc. selective logging, see below), is being used, showed by Silva's statement of January this year that the government will be selling large scale logging rights to areas of untouched rainforest

  1. Anthropocentric factors that affect the coral reefs in the Thousand Islands

    As a global environmental citizen, we should plan out possible solutions on this environmental issue. First, to educate the people about this environmental issue of coral reef destructions particularly in the Thousand Islands especially, must be done quickly to raise the level of awareness within the various groups who earn their daily living from the sea.

  2. Tropical Rainforest - Case Study

    A further way in which the forest is being destroyed is for cattle ranching. The forest is cut down and then burnt, grasses then grow on the cleared land which provides food for the cattle. However in a few years the grass is over run by weeds which the cattle do not eat.

  1. Should the Brazilian government allow continuation of further development in the Amazon rainforest?

    Brazil is clearing large amounts of the rainforest to make dams and lakes, which in result will produce hydroelectric power. By clearing large amounts of the rainforest, Brazil is disturbing the water and nutrient cycle. A large majority of the Brazils techniques for making money are unsustainable, and are destroying the rainforest ecosystem.

  2. I am going to describe the increasing problem of the destruction of the Amazonian ...

    Charcoal is in such demand that 4 tonnes of wood only lasts for 4 minutes in a factory. Brazil is home to the 4th largest dam in the world. The purpose of these huge structures (built mostly in the 80's and 90's)

  1. The impact of human activity in tropical rainforests - examples from Madagascar.

    removed, nutrients are quickly lost from the system by intense rainfall, creating infertile conditions * Biological richness of the park is extremely high- home to 12 lemur species and one third of Madagascar?s bird species * Park is divided into a core protected zone of 41,500 hectares, surrounded by a

  2. What are the opportunities and constraints of living in and exploiting, cold environments?

    tourism, as previously mentioned, snow sport holidays in the Alps are benefitting the local people there. Other forms of tourism can also be exploited in cold environments, most significantly ecotourism. In Antarctica this ecotourism helps to educate tourists about the consequences of global warming to the continent, without the tourism itself doing significant environmental damage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work