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Why is there such as difference in the number of deaths between MEDC's and LEDC's for earthquakes of similar Magnitude?

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Introduction

Why is there such as difference in the number of deaths between MEDC's and LEDC's for earthquakes of similar Magnitude? The primary effects of the earthquake will be the same in both cases but the secondary effects are the ones which often make earthquakes in less economically developed countries much more severe and result in a larger death toll. The primary effects are the same. They are when the earthquake hits a place. The buildings will rumble and the ground will shake a lot depending on the earthquake's measurement on the Richter scale. The secondary effects are what happen after the earthquake has hit a region. ...read more.

Middle

They make a zone where people are not allowed into and they evacuate the area. Also, in MEDC's, the public response will be quicker and the country will have got food supply and bottled water ready as they new that an earthquake was going to happen, whereas in poorer countries, they need international aid and often that will take crucial time. Due to this, disease can spread due to infected water and there will be no food supply. Some other secondary effects are that because building fall, they will smash electricity lines and also water pipes which means that there is no clean water and more importantly, not shelter and electricity. ...read more.

Conclusion

In countries like Japan, because they are used to earthquakes, their buildings are very earthquake proof and will not fall down so easily. Also, in Izmit, for instance, the buildings were very old though in the centre of the city, the buildings withstood it better because most of the buildings were made of wood, which made them more flexible, though it increased the chance of the fires occurring. Overall, the main reason why earthquakes cause more damage and destruction in poorer countries, is because they are not so prepared and they do not have the money and wealth to develop their cities and also, to develop their knowledge of the earthquake and the area. ` Richard Stafford MS RPDF 09/05/2007 Page 1 of 1 ...read more.

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