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Describe key legislation in relation to health, safety and security and setting out how this influences health and social care delivery.

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Introduction

P2: Describe key legislation in relation to health, safety and security and setting out how this influences health and social care delivery. Fire The legislation that covers Fire in the workplace is: - Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 - FPWR In general, FPWR requires that premises with over 5 workers must have a written fire risk assessment detailing the appropriate fire safety work required, though some premises can be exempt. Following the fire risk assessment the employer must where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of employees in case of fire and to the extent that it is appropriate, provide: - A) Emergency exit routes and doors; B) The final emergency exit doors must open outwards and not be sliding or revolving; C) Emergency lighting to cover the exit routes where necessary; D) Fire-fighting equipment, fire alarms and where necessary fire detectors. E) Fire Exit signs, fire alarms and fire fighting equipment must be provided with pictograph signs - Health and Safety (Safety Signs & Signals) Regulations 1996. F) Employers must train employees in fire safety following the written risk assessment. G) An emergency plan may have to be prepared and sufficient workers trained and equipped to carry out their functions within any such plan. H) All equipment and facilities such as fire extinguishers, alarms systems and emergency doors should be regularly maintained and faults rectified as soon as possible. Defects and repairs must be recorded. I) Employers must plan, organise, control, monitor and review the measures taken to protect employees from fire whilst at work and if more than five employees, then a record must be maintained. J) Employers must appoint an adequate number of competent persons to assist them to comply with their obligations. K) Persons shall be regarded as competent where they have sufficient training, experience, knowledge, and other qualities properly to perform their functions to conduct the fire risk assessment. ...read more.

Middle

of an accident to hospital; � some work-related diseases; � dangerous occurrences - where something happens that does not result in an injury, but could have done; � Gas Safe registered gas fitters must also report dangerous gas fittings they find, and gas conveyors/suppliers must report some flammable gas incidents. RIDDOR applies to all work activities but not all incidents are reportable. If someone has had an accident in a work situation where you are in charge, and you are unsure whether to report it just call the Incident Contact Centre (ICC) My explanation: All accidents and any illnesses that are going around have to be reported to the Incident Contact Centre, there is the list of things that need to be reported. Gas fitters have to report any dangerous gas fittings they find as it could harm. Work Placement Example: If a child has fallen over and broken an arm, this has to be reported to the ICC The food safety These are the FOOD SAFETY ACT 1990The Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 and summarised it into 10 Points for Food Handlers 1. All food premises must be well lit, ventilated, and free from rubbish and it's protected against infestations. The room should be easy enough to clean when needs to be cleaned. 2. All the equipment used should be cleaned well and kept in good repair so that there's no risk of food poisoning. 3. Personal hygiene of the cook is important. � Always wash your hands after using the toilet, before handling food and between handling raw and cooked food. � Cuts and boils should be covered with a blue waterproof dressing. � Food handlers should wear clean, protective clothing including a suitable hair cover. 4. All food rooms should have a good supply of hot water, liquid soap, and disposable paper towels or hot air dryer. 5. Food handlers should avoid handling food in the way that cross contamination can occur. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of the regulations is to reduce damage by assessing all potential risks and to create action plans for emergencies. Compliance with industry specific regulations will normally be sufficient. However, where MHSW Regulations go further than those of more specific legislation, extra measures will be required in order to comply. Who do the regulations apply to? Employers have a duty to asses all risks for all workers, including mobile and home workers Seafarers and young people performing temporary or short-term work in family businesses or domestic service are exempt from protection. A summary of the regulations: (for employers): * You must review risk assessments periodically and make modifications if there are any significant changes in working practices or equipment * If safety procedures can ever be improved, appropriate steps should be taken accordingly. * You are expected to take reasonable steps to familiarise yourself with the hazards and risks in your workplace * Work must be organised. A set pattern of rules and regulations usually means more systematic work and less chance of accidents * Training should be given in such a way that hazardous situations can be avoided. For example: Lengthening of working day, removal of taking screening breaks etc for meeting deadlines should be avoided. * You must ensure that the significant hazards are identified, and that the actual working practices are addressed and if need be, changed so as to reduce any risk. We suggest that: * If the use of advanced technology helps in reducing risks, make use of it; * Your employees should do the work that best suits them; * Risk prevention should also show in your business policies which would in turn show how serious you are in ensuring the health and safety of your employees; * Give priority to those measures which protect the whole workplace and all those who work there; i.e. give collective protective measures priority over individual measures. * The existence of an active health and safety policy or culture needs to be assured. ...read more.

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