P2: Describe key legislation in relation to health, safety and security and setting out how this influences health and social care delivery.
The legislation that covers Fire in the workplace is: -
Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 - FPWR
In general, FPWR requires that premises with over 5 workers must have a written fire risk assessment detailing the appropriate fire safety work required, though some premises can be exempt.
Following the fire risk assessment the employer must where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of employees in case of fire and to the extent that it is appropriate, provide: -
A) Emergency exit routes and doors;
B) The final emergency exit doors must open outwards and not be sliding or revolving;
C) Emergency lighting to cover the exit routes where necessary;
D) Fire-fighting equipment, fire alarms and where necessary fire detectors.
E) Fire Exit signs, fire alarms and fire fighting equipment must be provided with pictograph signs - Health and Safety (Safety Signs & Signals) Regulations 1996.
F) Employers must train employees in fire safety following the written risk assessment.
G) An emergency plan may have to be prepared and sufficient workers trained and equipped to carry out their functions within any such plan.
H) All equipment and facilities such as fire extinguishers, alarms systems and emergency doors should be regularly maintained and faults rectified as soon as possible. Defects and repairs must be recorded.
I) Employers must plan, organise, control, monitor and review the measures taken to protect employees from fire whilst at work and if more than five employees, then a record must be maintained.
J) Employers must appoint an adequate number of competent persons to assist them to comply with their obligations.
K) Persons shall be regarded as competent where they have sufficient training, experience, knowledge, and other qualities properly to perform their functions to conduct the fire risk assessment.
L) If employers intentionally or recklessly fail to comply they will be guilty of an offence.
These are the requirements that the employer must follow to meet fire regulations in health care situations.
My explanation: This means that if a building has more than five people working there then there should some written form of what to do, and where to go if the fire drill does get switched on however is also says that some places of work can be exempt from this. In the FPWR there are rules about fire doors and how they should open and where in the building they need to be placed, and when and how to make sure the fire equipment is tested and if it does come back as being faulty, then it should be recorded and then making the necessary arrangements to get it fixed or replaced . All members should be trained about what to do if the fire alarm does go off; it also gives a list of things that will be needed in a workplace to make sure it’s safe for everyone.
Work Placement Example - a workplace example would be as you walk in there’s a notice on the door about what to do if the alarm goes off and where the assembly point is.
The Legislation that covers machinery and equipment used in the work place Provision and use of work equipment Regulations 1998 PUWER
“In general terms, PUWER requires that equipment provided for use at work is:
A) Suitable for the intended use;
B) Safe for use, maintained in a safe condition and, in certain circumstances, inspected to ensure this remains the case;
C) Used only by people who have received adequate information, instruction and training; and
D) Accompanied by suitable safety measures, protective devices and markings, warnings” for example.
/the provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998.htm
These are the requirements that the employer must follow for all the equipment used in health care situations.
My explanation: This means that if equipment and machinery is needed and used in a work place then the person using the equipment is using it for the right reasons and the person using the machine is not abusing the machine as if the machine gets broken it can and most likely will cause more accidents in the work place. The person using the machines should have protective clothing, and if there’s training needed in order to use the machine that the training should be given. It also says that inspections are needed to ensure the machine’s not broken, the user is wearing the correct clothing, the user is using the machine properly.
Work placement example: In a school, there could be a woodwork shop that has got drills; this could be dangerous if the correct clothing isn’t worn. The teachers who operate the machines always give a talk about what to do with the machines.
The legislation that covers manual handling (lifting) in the workplace is:-
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment regulations 1998 LOLER
“In general, LOLER requires that any lifting equipment used at work for lifting or lowering loads is:
A) Strong and stable enough for particular use and marked to indicate safe working loads;
B) Positioned and installed to minimize any risks;
C) Used safely, i.e. the work is planned, organized and performed by competent people;
D) Subject to ongoing thorough examination and where appropriate, inspection by competent people.”
The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
These are the requirements that the employer must follow for all lifting that happens in health care situations.
My explanation: If somebody has to be lifted onto a bed, chair or a bath, the employer has to make sure there’s a machine that’s suitable to do this, the employer has to make sure that the client is comfortable whilst in the chair, it can life safely and it won’t injure anybody. To ensure the safety of everyone, the bolts and nuts have to be checked to make sure that they are tightened. Nurses must also make sure if the lift is pushed under the bed that under the bed has to be clear so that the life can work properly, if the lift’s not working it can endanger a lot of people.