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Research Methodology for health and social care

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Unit 22: Research Methodology for health and social care Student name: Fatimah Al_Asadi Teacher name: Ms John Unit introduction: Much of the work in health and social care is grounded in evidence-based practice. It is advantageous, for those seeking a career in the sectors, to have a clear understanding of research methodology in order to work ethically and effectively when carrying out their research. The choice of topic may be informed by a particular interest or career intentions. This unit will provide a good foundation for learners wishing to progress to higher education or within their chosen career. Initially, learners will need to consider the importance and function of research in health and social care sectors, for example the role that research plays in policy development. Learners will explore research methodology appropriate to the sectors. Learners must demonstrate an understanding of ethical principles and gain approval for their plans before starting their project. In the final part of the unit, learners will have the opportunity to research their selected topic, present their findings and evaluate the success of the project. Learning outcomes: On the completion of the unit a learner should: 1. Understand the function of the research in health and social care. 2. Understand ethical issues relation to research in health and social care. 3. Understand research methodologies relevant to health and social care. 4. Be able to plan for a research project. 5. Be able to conduct research relevant to health and social care context. 6. Be able to interpret research findings. Scenario: You are a professional working in health and social care sector for one of the London boroughs, the borough is looking at introducing further strategies/interventions that can be put in place to improve the services on offer to client/service users. They have asked you to carryout research into one targeted area of health and social care in order to provide them with updated knowledge on the most effective way of assisting the service users concerned. ...read more.

Middle

Practically, these principles and values inform a conceptual framework for decision making. Ethically responsible decisions, at individual and group levels, can go far to minimize society's exposure to hazardous agents and, thereby, promote a healthy environment. Environmental health advocates call for the ethical right of every person to live and work in an environment free of harmful chemicals. Advocates also seek to promote social justice and responsibility by redressing the disproportionate burden of toxic exposures carried by children and by people at the lower socioeconomic margins of local, national, and global communities. The right to a healthy environment can also be extended to wildlife and entire ecosystems. How can we - whether as individuals, organizations, governments, or corporations - make our decisions align with values and principles that promote and sustain healthy people, communities, and environments? The sections below provide resources on specific topics that we hope will provide useful information as well as inspiration. We recommend beginning with the section on the precautionary principle, which provides a comprehensive framework for preventing pollution and addressing scientific uncertainty. P3: compare the difference research methodologies for health and social care Introduction: in this section I am going to compare methodologies which can be used during research in health and social care. I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages to some of research methodologies. 1. Quantitative data: this is sociological evidence expressed in the form of statistics. This kind of data tries to measure social behaviour and express it numerically. It can be used to identify trends, patterns and links between different social factors like class and gender. 1. Qualitative data: this is data that is expresses in words rather than numbers. Qualitative data tries to express the meanings social actors hold about their social world, usually in the forms of their own words. Examples of qualitative data and quantitative data: 1. Quantitative data includes official statistics of crime rates. ...read more.

Conclusion

Say you want to make sure you have a sample proportional to the population in terms of gender - you have to know what percentage of the population is male and female, then collect sample until yours matches. Marketing studies are particularly fond of this form of research design. The primary problem with this form of sampling is that even when we know that a quota sample is representative of the particular characteristics for which quotas have been set, we have no way of knowing if sample is representative in terms of any other characteristics. If we set quotas for gender and age, we are likely to attain a sample with good representativeness on age and gender, but one that may not be very representative in terms of income and education or other factors. Moreover, because researchers can set quotas for only a small fraction of the characteristics relevant to a study quota sampling is really not much better than availability sampling. To reiterate, you must know the characteristics of the entire population to set quotas; otherwise there's not much point to setting up quotas. 1. Purposive Sampling Purposive sampling is a sampling method in which elements are chosen based on purpose of the study. Purposive sampling may involve studying the entire population of some limited group (sociology faculty at Columbia) or a subset of a population (Columbia faculty who have won Nobel Prizes). As with other non-probability sampling methods, purposive sampling does not produce a sample that is representative of a larger population, but it can be exactly what is needed in some cases - study of organization, community, or some other clearly defined and relatively limited group. My research plan summarised: Hypothesis: ?Many students are choosing to go into full time employment after A_levels rather than university as they do not want to have to re pay a student loan.? Time frame/scale 5 weeks Methodology Close questionnaire Sampling frame Alec reed academy Research sample KS5 students Sample technique Random sampling Number of respondents 20 ...read more.

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