Unit 22 P3: Compare the difference research methodologies from health and social care

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Jessica Bascombe                                             Unit 22: Research Methodology for Health & Social Care

P3: Compare the difference research methodologies from health and social care

In this section I am going to compare methodologies which can be used during research in health and social care I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages to some research methodologies.

Quantitive Research: Is research that uses numerical analysis in essence this approach reduces the data into numbers such as the percentage of teenage mother in London the researcher knows in advance what they are looking for and all aspects of the study are carefully designed before the data is collected. The objective of quantive research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and hypotheses quantitive research is generally done using scientific methods which include the following steps:

  • Developing models, theories and hypotheses of what the researcher expects to find
  • Developing instruments and methods for measuring the data
  • Experimental control and manipulation and variables
  • Collecting the data
  • Modelling and analyzing the data
  • Evaluating the results

Strengths of quanitive research the greatest strength of quantitive research is that it produces quantifiable, reliable data that are usually generalizable to some larger population quanitive research analysis also allows researchers to test specific hypothesis in contrast to qualitative research which is more exploratory. The greatest weaknesses of the quantitive approach is that it decontextualizes human behaviour in a way that removes the event from its real world setting and ignores the effects of variables that have not been included in the model. It also lacks a depth and richness of data that is present with qualitative research because there are so many participants’ using quantitive methods it is impossible to know the details about each and every one. Methods of data collection are surveys of questionnaires with closed ended questions, using secondary data (data that someone else has collected) and experiments (with a control group and an experimental group).

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Qualitative Research: Are primary concerned with practice and process rather than outcomes that is focus on the process that is occurring instead of the outcome of the process the focus is on participants, perceptions and experiences and the way they make sense of their lives. Qualitative research also called field research typically involves fieldwork in which the researcher observes and records behaviour and events in their natural setting, the researcher physically goes to the people, setting or site in order to observe the subject as it normally and naturally occurs or behaves. Methods of data collections:

  • Direct Observation: The researcher ...

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