• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the reasons why opponents of Russian governments were rarely successful in the period 1855-1964.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Assess the reasons why opponents of Russian governments were rarely successful in the period 1855-1964. In 1855, generally the opposition to the Tsarist regime lacked an effective unifying ideology; this remained the case throughout the period, even under communist rule. This lack of unified opposition therefore was a key factor in its failure throughout the period. Division in opinion and ideology were consistent problems for opposition, which only fully united in the February revolution. Even then during this event there were still divisions in opinion, however there was one common cause to unite behind. Due to this and other attributing factors such as heavy repression by rulers, well timed reforms and the continuing use of military force ultimately meant that opposition to Russian Governments was rarely successful in the 1855-1964. ...read more.


This basic limitation meant that people for the most part were too scared to act upon any mistreatment handed down to them by their rulers and in this respect meant that the number of opposition parties were so few that they never offered any threat. Another aspect of this failing was due to the fact that the opposition (when present) were for the most part poorly structured this meat that any protest was dealt with fairly easily. An example of this is the Whites (who were the opposition to Lenins regime), who failed to form any kind of offence against the reds in the civil war. ...read more.


An example of this is under Lenins rule (while leader of the Bolsheviks) when the Mensheviks were forced into exile. The only opposition group to have any major sustained success were the Bolsheviks and the reason for this was due to them flourishing in the vacuum left from the First World War, enabling them to take power in the chaos that followed Russia?s defeat before the government in place could react. In summary the reason opposition parties were rarely successful was due to the fact that the government was so well prepared to deal with any threat towards them, be it from the fact that parties were for the most part banned throughout the period or be it the way in which the government cracked down on any opposition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent does Stalin deserve the title of Red Tsar when assessing his ...

    5 star(s)

    Stalin's outright brutality, not only surpassed the Tsars but also his communist comrades, as E.H Carr claims Stalin "revived and outdid the brutalities of earlier Tsars"20, showing a difference between Stalin's methods of repression and the methods used by the Tsars.

  2. What is Lenin's legacy?

    In his merciless destruction of any opposition, he was instrumental in creating the conditions for Stalin's dictatorship. Lenin was ruthless but also progressive. When his efforts to transform the Russian economy to a socialist model stalled, he introduced the New Economic Policy, where a measure of private enterprise was still permitted.

  1. Explain why the opponents of the Tsars from 1855 to 1917 were more successful ...

    Leading political figures had been exiled under both regimes. Lenin had been exiled from Tsarist Russia, however he was allowed to return which allowed him to eventually seize power in the October Revolution. In contrast to this, Trotsky was exiled by Stalin and was eventually murdered.

  2. To what extent did Russia simply exchange one authoritarian regime for another in the ...

    Despite the success of the 1917 revolutions Russia simply switched from one authoritarian regime in tsardom to another in communism. Lenin is constantly argued to be a 'red Tsar', because he was just as autocratic as the Tsars before him, despite not having absolute authority.

  1. Impact of the Russian revolution - Ideology matters.

    vote war credits through parliament or to mobilize soldiers who, following their socialist leadership, would refuse to fight. These ideas evoke memories of the anti-Vietnam War poster: "What if they gave a war and nobody came?" Lenin's ingenious answer to both questions came in his book, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism.

  2. Assess the reasons why opposition to Russian Governments was rarely successful in the period ...

    The demographic and general backwardness of Russia, a weakness repeatedly shown by failures in war throughout the period, meant that the peasantry were never going to unify because poor communications and transport links would simply not allow them to, even if they did share ideas.

  1. Opposition to Russian governments was ineffective in the period from 1855 to 1964. ...

    Different classes of peasant also failed to share the same goals, for example the Kulak's generally prospered under Stolypin's land reforms which did not have as a great a benefit for the remainder of the peasantry who remained in dire straits.

  2. How effective was opposition to Russian government during the period 1855-1964?

    The first main success of political opposition is widely considered to be the assassination of Alexander II at the hands of the People?s Will in 1881. Although assassinating the Emperor is an extraordinary feat it is hotly debated whether or not this event helped the opposition achieve their aims (presumably greater political freedom/democracy).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work