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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968
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Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal government in assisting African Americans to achieve their civil rights in the period 1865-1992.4 star(s)
began as early as the 1870s, when cases like the Slaughterhouse case effectively undid the work of Congress, thanks to rulings by the Supreme Court. This case ruled that states were permitted to make laws affecting the rights of the citizens - a ruling that would allow southern states to make laws segregating black and white citizens. In fact, it almost went so far as to completely disregard the 14th Amendment, claiming it protected an person's individual rights, but not their civil rights - with one ruling, the Supreme Court effectively removed de jure equality for African Americans, and moved de facto equality further out of their reach.
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To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil Twin' of the Civil Rights Movement in the late twentieth century in the United States of America?4 star(s)
"Although the CRM of 1954-65 effected change in the South, it did nothing for the problems in the North, Midwest and West."14 The squalid living conditions in the Ghettos of cities such as New York that resulted from economic hardship were a key issue for the ensuing movement and their improvement made up a great part of the movement's agenda. A notable statistic is that although African Americans constituted around 10% of the population, almost a third of all those living below the poverty line were African Americans.15 The first reason that may cause the analogy of an 'evil twin' to be associated with Malcolm X is his promotion of separatism16 at a time of primarily integrationist thinking.
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Then in May 1956, he was involuntarily committed to Greystone Park, a mental institution in New Jersey. There he remained for the next five years as he worsened to the point where he could not play the guitar, type, or even hold a pen. In the late 1950s, an admirer named Bob Gleason would pick Woody up on the weekends and take him to East Orange, New Jersey, where the singer would receive visitors. It was there that Bob Dylan came to meet Woody in early 1961.
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By 1960 nearly all Americans had a TV and a car. 2. Women workers. Women were needed in the factories to help with war production. The number of working mothers also increased rapidly. The percentage of women working rose from 27 to 37% by the end of the war. This had long term effects on the status of women in society. 300,000 women joined the army, 7 million were needed in the workforce. Rosie the riveter was a famous poster to attract women into the factories. After the war most went back to their civilian lives, but many women carried on working, and attitudes to women working had changed forever. 3. Blacks.
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Rosalia Vallejo. Prior to the Bear Flag Revolt, which occurred in 1846, Californio Women lived at peace with the white population. In many cases, these women disregarded the concept of race as an essential definer of their lifestyle, as has been exemplifi
However, this sentiment regarding the American man was not entirely widespread throughout all of California. Dorotea Valdez exemplifies this particular attitude. Valdez recognized the fact that while some white men were rather respectable, others were not. For example, she developed a high level of respect for a European merchant by the name of David Spence- who she referred to as an honest and intelligent man. Dorotea speaks of this man with immense admiration. Although, she recognizes his misdeeds as a smuggler back in the days, she does not retract from her firm stance, "this does not detract one bit from his good reputation.
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Part II: Background to the elections of 1874: The Liberals had been returned with a thumping majority in the 1868 election, in which they had fought on almost the same ideology that had dominated the party almost from its birth. If the policies of the establishment towards the Church became the plank from which they attacked the ruling establishment on the domestic front, the policy towards the United States of America was the platform on which they sought to establish themselves among the public.
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calculating what needed to be done, and in what order to make the bomb, this is significant in that he brought all the minds of top physics, to look at what they had to do, and it show because at this summer school Edward Teller put forward the remote possibility that the bomb would generate enough heat to ignite the atmosphere. This concerned Oppenheimer enough, to meet with Arthur Compton in Michigan to discuss the situation. This shows significant as Oppenheimer got a problem pointed out to him, so he went out to found if it could happen and if so how likely would it be for it to happen.
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Discuss the influences on Malcolm X and how they helped form his ideology in the years 1949 to 1965?
I feel I have answered the question with some difficulty. The question can be broken into two parts firstly, "the influences on Malcolm X" and secondly, "how they helped form his ideology". The Latter was the more difficult part as there wasn't a conclusive answer. All sources indicated varying views and sometimes led to speculation since Malcolm X's life ended prematurely without having come to a definite ideology. Maybe that was Malcolm X's vision or mission to help deliver the African Americans using all means at his disposal. Overall the question has been answered as best possible with the maximum use of sources and a huge variety of sources from books to videos.
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As part of the Fair Deal, Truman made an executive order in 1946 that had a major effect on civil rights. By this executive order, 9808, he created the Committee of Civil Rights. This committee was responsible for investigating the current status of civil rights in the U.S. and finding ways to improve the civil rights of the United States citizens, particularly African Americans. A year after the committee was formed, it released a report called To Secure These Rights.
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When Union troops took over the land, most slaves no longer toiled for their owners and many fled to Union lines. The slaves could see what was on the horizon. "War, it has been said, is the midwife of revolution, and well before 1863 the disintegration of slavery had begun." 1 The Proclamation signaled a turning point in not only the war, but the direction of the entire nation. For the first time, the country specifically committed itself to the issues of the black population.
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Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and Abraham Lincoln's 'Gettysberg Address'
I will keep an open mind while studying these speeches, and won't be biased about either of the speakers. I am particularly interested in Martin Luther King's speech as I respect what he achieved for equal rights. It is also a subject I feel strongly about, and would like to learn more about Luther King. During the 1950's in America, equal rights for all people, envisioned by the Declaration of Independence, was not progressing. Negroes, Hispanics and Orientals, were discriminated against in many ways. The 1950's were a tempestuous time in America, when racial barriers were began to fall due to Supreme Court decisions.
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a) "How far do these sources support the view expressed in source one that, in the years 1067-1075, William had favoured conciliation in his attempts to establish peace in England?"
However, though acting on the King's behalf, of appeasement, Lanfranc would have used his own ideas and thoughts on the case. Finally, as Hereford was the son of William fitz Osbern, he could have been treated differently for his links with William I; they were friends from their childhood2. Source two and five disagree with the statement in source one. Source two is from the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle"3; as a consequence of the invasion, William is described to have devastated Yorkshire ("Harrying of the North")
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Behn places emphasis on Oroonoko's physical appearance to highlight his nobility: "He was pretty tall, but of a shape the most exact that can be fancied. The most famous statuary could not form the figure of a man more admirably turned head to foot." (2175). This description of him creates the sense that he is a special and powerful person despite his position as a slave to justify and legitimize him as a worthy narrative subject. Placing him above a common slave may also be an important part in engaging the sympathies of the reader because they are able to imagine Oroonoko admirable instead of lowly.
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Weapons and Armour - Most civil war soldiers carried a rifled musket, which had quickly replaced the smoothbore muskets.
However this was not always true. A famous New York group of volunteers wore baggy red pants and short red jackets. The Iron Brigade of Michigan wore wide-brimmed black hats, with a feather curled up at the side. The United States Sharpshooters wore dark green uniforms, leather leggings, and feathers in their hats. Uniform was scarce for Southern soldiers. Before the war, the South sent almost all its cotton to Europe or the Northern states to be made into cloth. There were no factories in the south to make uniforms.
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He recognized the importance of reporters and was very successful in utilizing newspapers to arouse the public and to get the people to fight for his views. He stated that "the leading newspaper correspondents at Washington were . . . the most useful of all agents in the fight for efficient and decent government."4 When Roosevelt couldn't get the members of Congress to agree with him, he appealed over their heads to the people. In fact, he was the president that began the practice of holding press conferences to keep the public up to date on domestic and world affairs and to convince the people to concur with his views.
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Truman decreased discrimination in federal employment and contracts (Executive Order 9980) 3. 1948: Executive Order 9981 - ends discrimination in armed forces 4. Appointment of blacks to prestigious posts (eg ? 1949: William Haist = first black federal judge, Ralph Bunche = Ambassador to UN in 1950) On the other hand ? 1. Truman tried to open more public housing to blacks. BUT ? urban renewal programme often left blacks home less ? fewer houses available 2. Federal defence contracts not supposed to be given to companies that discriminated.
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Connor Ward 8th grade, Jackson Middle School Acknowledgments - Many thanks to historian Mary Gallagher from the Benton County Historical Society for her time and outstanding knowledge of the area. ?Yoke those oxen! There are over 100 of them! It?s a good day, we should be able to cover at least 20 miles today!? shouted the Reverend. After the train had gone about three miles, it came to a fork in the road, a new road that skirted the lake on its far side, and the original road.
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