• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Parliament was of little importance in the government of England" - How valid is this view in the years 1525 to 1566?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Parliament was of little importance in the government of England" How valid is this view in the years 1525 to 1566? Pre reformation parliaments had shown healthy institutional growth and had succeeded in achieving cooperation with the monarch. However during the middle reign of Henry viii was a period known as the parliaments of the reformation, although occasionally called upon they did prove to be of importance in the running of the country through government. The beginning of this phase was due to the annulment with Catherine of Aragon and his infatuation with Anne Boleyn. During this period of 1529-1536 the reformation parliament only met on seven occasions. Henry's relationship with parliament was of great significance to the achievements of the parliament. Henry ruthlessly increased the power of royal government, using parliament to sanction his actions. Henry ruled through powerful ministers who like his six wives were never safe in their positions. His greatest achievement was to initiate the protestant reformation in England. He rejected the authority of the pope and the Roman Catholic Church, confiscated church lands, and promoted religious reformers to power. Beginning in 1529, Henry used parliament to exert pressure on the pope. Claiming that they were correcting abuses, the reformation parliament voted to ban payments from English bishops to Rome and to end the independence of the English clergy. Previously the clergy had owed allegiance only to the pope. ...read more.

Middle

He established separate departments of state, with their own collectors, secretaries, and judges, to receive the wealth confiscated from the church. These courts, as they were called, were able to resolve disputes quickly and prevented the traditional royal courts from being overburdened with cases. Cromwell served as the effective head of Henry's government for eight years and he was left alone to run it. After the civil wars of the preceding century that had weakened the monarchy, Henry viii re-established the power of the English crown. This was done largely through the work of his powerful ministers Wolsey and Cromwell. They made use of the new Privy Council and parliament, whose members included the aristocracy and gentry. As these groups were brought into government, their individual ability to challenge the king diminished. The confiscation of church wealth enabled Henry's heirs to rule without new revenues for the rest of the century. In 1547 Edward succeeded his father as king of England, with his reign brought a decrease in royal authority, of which Henry had greatly established during his reign. Through Edwards reign and indeed his sisters, Mary, the government during this time dictated the religious course in England. A protestant reformation under Edward and a papal-Catholic restoration in Mary's reign. People like the Protector Somerset and the Duke of Northumberland participated in moderate to radical reform, as well as the Marian reaction. All of which were enacted by the authority of the parliament. ...read more.

Conclusion

Forgery and perjury were also attacked; the court also punished subornation of perjury which another act of 1563 deemed a misdemeanour when committed in cases concerning lands, goods, debts or damages in any court of record. This was seen as a legal landmark as the act enforced higher standards in the central courts and in locally at assizes the quarter sessions as well as in the ecclesiastical courts. Parliamentary importance in government ranged from low to high during the Tudor reign between 1525 to 1566. Henry viii succeeded in a successful parliament and government due to great councillors such as Wolsey and Cromwell. The relations between Henry and his parliament were unique; he took great interest in the progress of the parliament. Even though he kept the parliament under his full control, he called repeated sessions of the parliament to take major decisions. This relationship with his councillors and their role enabled parliament to be of significant importance during Henry viii's reign. However Edward and Mary were surrounded by many factors hindering parliamentary success such as economic loss, leading to parliament being of little significance in government. Elizabeth, on the other hand had a good relationship with her parliament and members of the Privy Council. Thus enabling a number of acts and policies to be passed in a short period of parliament meetings, such as the acts of embezzlement. An overall opinion is that parliament importance in government depended greatly on varying factors, the attitude and relationship of the monarch, the situation of England and the necessity of essential councillors to direct the parliaments importance in government. Theo Christie Mrs Bland ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

A lot can be learnt from this essay about the dangers of slipping in to narrative and missing the point of developing an argument. the writer knows a lot about the period and is able to write about the events and people of the time but they do not address the issue in the question directly enough and this could keep the essay right down in the lower levels of any mark scheme. Planning is essential and each paragraph must open with a key point relating to the argument. If the introduction sets out the argument then the writing can keep returning to it.

Marked by teacher Kate Forbes 29/08/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    Warren argues that 'Thomas Cartwright('s) lectures at Cambridge University represented the first influential public demand for a Presbyterian system'. and Lockyer agrees that this was a major threat, saying 'Cartwright's definition lifted the Puritan movement out of its obsession with details and threw down a challenge which the established Church

  2. Why did Labour win the 1945 election and lose in the 1951 election?

    After the shock of the 1945 election, Labour appointed Lord Woolton as their party chairman: he was central to the revitalisation of the Conservatives and reorganised the conservative party effectively. He set in motion key reforms to wipe out the image of the Conservative party being upper class elitists who

  1. How successfully did James deal with religious problems throughout his reign?

    their rights of a parliamentary candidate then the plot in 1605 could have been avoided. Later on in 1606, Catholics were promised hope of change when the penal laws were not seriously enforced once the initial concern had died down.

  2. What Was The Main Cause Of The First English Civil War?

    people in control, notably leader John Pym, were attempting to restrict his power and undermine the rule and policies that were in place. His fears were realized in February of 1641 when the Triennial Act was passed; preventing Charles from dissolving Parliament if and when he pleased, while enforcing a

  1. TO WHAT EXTENT WAS HENRY VI'S INCOMPETENCE THE PRIMARY CAUSE FOR THE OUTBREAK OF ...

    by contradictory policy decision and duplicated grants'.8 This is evident from many of his actions. Henry showered vast amounts of patronage on Richard, Duke of York who became one of the greatest landowners in the country, owning vast estates in England, Wales and Ireland as well as several castles, including his stronghold in Ludlow.

  2. Does Alexander II deserve the title of 'Tsar liberator'?

    reminding them that it was better to free the serfs whilst the government had a firm grip on the emancipation process. In contrast, a more critical interpretation of this famed quote would suggest that it revealed Alexander to have a more personal and political motive.

  1. How successful was the Labour Government (1945-51) in dealing with Beveridge's "five giants on ...

    However, it wasn't full proof as for 2 years the people who were just too old for the national insurance act didn't receive any benefits. Also the family allowances didn't help families who only had 1 child or if they had to struggle through poverty and then their children had just gone to work.

  2. Assess the validity of the view that the Rump and Barebones parliaments had no ...

    In religious matters the Rump failed, during this "chance for revolution" (Lynch), to impose a framework and doctrine upon the Church of England or to dismantle it which left "all parties dissatisfied" (Hutton). 'A Committee for the Propagation of the Gospel' appointed by the Rump in 1652 with the intention

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work