• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The personal rule to 1640 was a success for Charles. To what extend do you agree.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A2 History - Essay on The Eleven Years' Tyranny The personal rule to 1640 was a success for Charles. To what extend do you agree. Charles' decision to rule without Parliament in 1629 marked an eleven year period of personal rule. Whilst the Whig historians viewed the eleven years of governance without parliament as the "Eleven Years' Tyranny"; contemporary historians seem to be more compassionate with Charles' actions. Nevertheless, in order judge the extent to which Charles was successful during the period of personal rule we must establish certain criteria to measure success. The key themes would be his ability to raise finance through "ordinary" means, to offer sound governance which ensures social and religious cohesion as well as his ability to stay connected to the people. It is also important to establish that whilst the King might have been successful in the short term; he could have failed to pave the path for the long run, thus Charles was piling up trouble for himself for the future. Having dissolved parliament, the only institution which can grant the King the right to raise taxes, the immediate threat posed against the Charles was finance. Although Charles was not an extravagant King as James was, he still needed money for the general maintenance of the country; as such, William Noy the Attorney General was appointed to look through forgotten and outdated laws that could be exploited as a means of raising income for the Crown. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly, one can say that it was just a matter of time until Charles had to call for parliament. This is because whilst the Crown was able to raise a good sum through ordinary revenue, in the time of crisis such as wars, he would need to ask for a parliamentary subsidy. In regards to governance during the eleven years without parliament, Strafford played a dominating role in Charles' administration. Strafford was appointed Lord President of the Council of the North and was later promoted to the post of Lord Deputy of Ireland. Strafford embarked upon a "thorough" policy and had a strong belief that authoritarian rule was best for the people as it provides a strong government. One can praise Strafford as his policy was needed to shake up the inefficient and corrupted government passed on from James. Also, although he was impartial and strict, Strafford did govern through a parliament thus could not be labeled as an absolute. Charles' success in appointing someone capable to oversee Irish affairs was important as Ireland has always been a potential Catholic threat and the English Crown had never been able to manage Ireland beyond the Pale. Governing without parliament also meant that Charles could not formally legislate. However, the Crown was able to utilize his control over the judiciary system to reinterpreted and bend laws. As such, the prerogative courts and regional councils became important institutions for the Crown. ...read more.

Conclusion

Charles should have known that without parliament, an institution which connects the Crown to his subjects to some extent, he needed to set out the image that he was willing to connect with the people or at less make an impression on public opinion. Charles' attempt to use painting as a means of reinforcing his Divine image was largely unsuccessful as the public saw through it as no more than a poor propaganda exercise. Although Charles managed to govern without parliament for eleven years, it seems as if survival was the focus and not success. Charles simply got by in regards to finance and governing; but his approach, even if deemed intelligent or sound, had a limited short term effect. It seemed as if from the very start, Charles was doomed to fail. The Crown seemed to have undermined the role of parliament whilst overestimating the position of the Crown. Politically, Charles was storing up discontent against the reign and by surrounding himself with Buckingham-like advisors such as Laud and Strafford, matters were only made worse. Ironically, the eleven year tyranny benefited the Puritan Network most. Discontent MPs were ever so motivated to attack and plot against the Crown whilst the person of the Kingdom was made to feel alienated. As such, it is fair to conclude that the personal rule was much of a failure and indeed, it was a mistake for Charles to have decided to rule without Parliament in the first place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Was Charles I Trying to Establish Royal Absolutism during his Personal Rule?

    So when considering whether Charles was trying to create Royal absolutism, the bias of the gentry and nobility must be taken into account. Laud made many enemies among these classes in much the same way as Wentworth (to be discussed)

  2. To what extent is it appropriate to describe Charles' rule without Parliament, 1629-40, as ...

    In a way, Charles was a reformer, an administrative reformer. He tightened up his government. He wanted to make his government financially independent of Parliament. He wanted to build up the authority of the government, and the Church is one way through which he can do this.

  1. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    France was Catholic, and so was Maria. One of the reasons for the marriage was that it would bring England closer to France (they were both engaged in a war with Spain at the time). However, one of the stipulations of the marital agreement was that Maria was allowed to continue practising Catholicism in England.

  2. Assess the reasons why Charles Is Personal Rule (1629-1640) became widely unpopular in England

    The financial policies faced deep resentment from members of the gentry, while the religious policies were met with fury from Puritans. Charles further irritated the gentry by his policy of Thorough which aimed to provide centralized control of local government.

  1. Why by 1629 had Charles I decided to rule without Parliament?

    These loans and many others like them left many landed gentry bankrupt and Charles told them that "we have no apparent means to give satisfaction" in other words he could not repay them. " A king in debt is a king in crisis".

  2. How far were the actions and beliefs of Charles responsible for the crisis of ...

    Problems in Europe brought up more Parliament versus king power debates and also doubts over his dedication to Protestantism, with many fearing the Catholic threat and his reluctance to do anything about it. The 1621 Parliament were furious at James accusing them of overstepping the mark with their rights about

  1. Assess the nature and threat posed by Puritanism

    Each attempt by Puritans caused a cumulatively diminishing ability for them to succeed. For example, the young John Field, who was central in the movement to organize a Presbyterian system for England, pleaded for compromise (to subscribe to everything but not to wear the surplice).

  2. In 1640 most MP's wanted and expected redress of grievances and a settlement of ...

    Understandably Charles reacts badly and many MP's can see why. These rules were no longer reactive but were now proactive as they were initiating proposals, and seriously encroaching on the king's rights. Many had begun to realise that the old agenda they had all agreed on had been slowly replaced

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work