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How far do you agree that the Personal Rule in England (1629-1640) was a success in finance but a failure in religion?

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Name: How far do you agree that the Personal Rule in England (1629-1640) was a success in finance but a failure in religion? Level (marks) Understanding of question Organisation / communication Supporting information analysis Balance and judgement 5 (21-25) very good … full demands of the questionX well-organised and effectively delivered well-selected, specific and precise fully analyticalX balanced argument and well substantiated judgement X X 4 (16-20) good understanding well-organised and effectively communicated a range of clear and specific supporting informationX analytical in style with a range of direct comment well-balanced with some judgement … may be only partially substantiated 3 (11-15) an understanding Effective organised, adequate communication largely accurate information may be unspecific or lack precision of detail a good deal of comment in relation to the question some balance, but a number of istatements may be inadequately supported and generalist 2 (6-10) some awareness of the question… failure to grasp its full demands some attempt at organisation but communication skills may be limited some appropriate information may be very limited in scope and/or contain inaccuracy and irrelevance Descriptive or partial... Some, but limited, comment for the most part, be unsupported and generalist 1 (1-5) ...read more.


Also, these fines induced resentment from the Political Nation, as men who owned land worth over £40 a year were targeted, establishing mistrust from powerful local elites whose support Charles was reliant upon. Ship money is another example of a tax that, while providing significant revenue to the government, was not a plausible long term solution. Levied across the whole country between 1635 and 1640, £800,000 was raised for the Navy in the construction of a fleet. Though this may appear to be a successful financial policy, closer inspection reveals that it was not a long term alternative to a parliamentary subsidy. Following the partial vindication of Hampden in 1637, when 5 out of 12 Judges found in his favour regarding the legality of Ship Money a bit more detail needed here, payment rates fell from 90% between 1634 and 1638 to 20% in 1639. Charles’ extraction of £70,000 from the City of London in 1635 after they failed to find enough people to settle in Londonderry is another example of a policy that achieved short-term financial gains for the Crown but harmed the government in the long run, with City only loaning him £5000 in 1639 in preparation for the Bishops War. ...read more.


Given that Prynne was hailed as a martyr by many when he was punished by the star chamber with mutilation and life imprisonment, Laudianism had inspired opposition to the King, a clear sign of failure. This suggests that Barry Coward was correct in claiming that ‘Laudianism made the greatest contribution’ to growing anger at Charles’ government, meaning religious policy during the Personal Rule caused such levels of discontent that radical Puritanism was now a mainstream theological position. In conclusion, the Personal Rule was a failure in both finance and religion. Whilst the financial position of the government improved during this period, this was financed by short-term solutions rather than a viable alternative to parliamentary subsidies. Ann Hughes notes that it was only possible to govern without parliament ‘as long as he avoided war’, meaning that the Crown failed to establish financial independence. Laudianism failed in establishing conformity in religious belief amongst the English, while also inspiring opposition to Charles, suggesting that Laudianism was a catastrophic failure as it set the stage for radical puritanism to enter the mainstream. A sensible and well argued answer. You have a concise style (which is good), but occasionally need to expand on your examples a little. You make some primary sources and the views of historians, although not always in the places where they might have made the most impact. ...read more.

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