• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of Brown v Board of Education ineffective during the civil rights movement, and what other steps were taken to establish equal rights?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History HL: Americas JB Makhani Word Count-1990 A:Plan of Investigation The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of Brown v Board of Education ineffective during the civil rights movement, and what other steps were taken to establish equal rights? Many people believe the Brown v Board of Education spearheaded the civil rights movement and changed things immediately. This paper persuades the audience that the civil rights movement was changed by an amalgamation of Supreme Court cases and other legislation. The argument is accomplished by researching both on the internet and in libraries to find primary and secondary sources to support the thesis statement, while also using interviews from important figures in the Civil Rights Movement. The research includes the details of the landmark case, differing opinions on the effectiveness of the case, and other cases that may have been more or as important as Brown v Board of Education, such as Brown v Board of Education II. B:Summary of Evidence Several events that preceded the landmark cases in the 1950s were equally as important and set precedence for the final overturning of Plessy v Ferguson in 1898. In 1938, in Missouri v Canada, Lionel Gaines accomplished the right for blacks to receive in state education along with whites. However, this case still held that "separate but equal" was unconstitutional. ...read more.

Middle

these institutions," they seek to show that the landmark case of Brown v Board of Education did not solve the civil rights crisis.9 In fact, they claim that in order to bring a equal representation, African Americans must begin from the top, by giving incentive programs to black students in colleges. Differing from Ruderman and Fauver, the interview with John Hope Franklin describes the sentiment of people after Brown v Board of Education shows the disappointment people felt weeks and months following the verdict. John Hope Franklin was a NAACP member as well as a colleague of Thurgood Marshall. His important testimony gives insight to the effects of the Brown v Board of Education case in that it was not entirely ineffective.10 Many claim that the decision "overshadows the well-established fact that racial disparities in school resources in the South began narrowing 20 years before the Brown decision."11 Thurgood Marshall became the 1st black Supreme Court Justice, the NAACP gained in strength, and people began to believe in an equal society. Although mainly symbolic to the legislation for equality, the Brown case overturned the devastating Plessy v Ferguson case that had previously quelled black sentiment. When Hugh Speer testified about the psychological effects segregation has on black children, not only the case at hand but also the entire civil rights movement turned on its head. ...read more.

Conclusion

1 "Key Supreme Court Cases in Civil Rights Movement." Leadership Conference. The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights/The Leadership Conference Education Fund, 2011.Web 6 April 2011. http://www.civilrights.org/judiciary/supreme-court/key-cases.html. 2 Sunstein, Cass. Did Brown Matter? New Yorker, 03 05 2004. Web. 6 Apr 2011. http://www.newyorker.com/printable/?critics/040503crbo_books. 3 Cozzens, Lisa. "Brown v Board of Education." The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. 1998. Web. 6 April 2011. http://www.watson.rg/~Lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html. 4 McBride, Alex."Brown v Board of Education." Landmark Cases. Educational Broadcasting Company. 2007.Web.6 Apr 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/Supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html. 5 McBride, Alex."Brown v Board of Education." Landmark Cases. Educational Broadcasting Company. 2007.Web.6 Apr 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/Supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html. 6 The Journal of Negro Education, Vol 73, No 3, Special Issue: brown v Board of Education at 50, 191-208 7 McBride, Alex."Brown v Board of Education." Landmark Cases. Educational Broadcasting Company. 2007.Web.6 Apr 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/Supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html. 8 "Brown v Board of Education 2." National Center N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2011. http://www.nationalcenter.org/cc0725.htm. 9 Fauver, Bill and Jim Ruderman." The Aftermath of Brown v Brown of Education of Topeka." Stride Toward Freedom. National Center for History in the Schools, n.d. Web. 6 Apr 2011. http://www.learner.org/course/amerhistory/pdf/Brown-v-Bard_L-One.pdf. 10 The Sage of Freedom: An interview with John Hope Franklin The Public Historian Vol 29, No 2 (35-54) 11 Collins, William. "Evaluating the role of Brown v Board of Education." N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2011 http://aler.oxfordjournals.org/content/8/2/213.abstract. 12 The Journal of Negro Education Vol 73, No 3 Special Issue: Brown v Board of Education at 50 p 328-340 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    Though he did not initially appear to be a great supporter of the civil rights movement for African Americans, especially given his (understandable) preoccupation with the economy, which meant he had to pander to Southern Democrats in order to win votes that would allow him to bring in New Deal programmes.

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    "The continuing growth of black nationalist sentiment undermined the interracial complexion of the struggle and contributed hugely to the demise of inter-organisational cooperation during 1967 and 1968."29 It has been suggested by Cone that the fact that Malcolm X "used vituperative language against whites did not mean that he hated

  1. Peer reviewed

    How effective was the early civil rights movement in advancing Black Civil Rights in ...

    3 star(s)

    It did not abolish existing state governments in the South and made no mention of the right to vote for blacks." However, it did manage to change and redefine the ideas of American citizenship. The 15th amendment was then passed in 1870 as blacks were still being denied the right to vote.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Essay on civil rights

    3 star(s)

    This was not only due to the lack of influence the courts would have on White Americans but on occasion it was because the courts themselves where made up of White individuals who believed in deep rooted segregation. Many members consisted of the Ku Klux Klan who would utilize various

  1. To what extent was WW2 the most significant turning point for civil rights

    African Americans started to gain a better social standing within US society as white citizens became more used to their presence. The "Harlem Renaissance" was a period of social and emotion expression and to many marked a coming together of afro American communities.

  2. Why did the Civil Rights Movement emerge in the 1950s?

    The industrial output in the US was increased after WW2 which resulted in many blacks moving to the North in search of work due to the demand for labour, enabling them to have more bargaining power. This migration created tension and resulted in increasing black consciousness, which sore new civil rights organisations emerge.

  1. To What Extent Were Achievements In Civil Rights Mainly Due To The Efforts Of ...

    Dubois had also experience the Jim Crow laws first hand, which was what spurred him to campaign for Civil Rights. Very early on Dubois had already forwarded black reputation by becoming the first African American to receive a PhD from Harvard.

  2. I disagree that the decision made by the Supreme Court in the Brown v. ...

    the blacks? morals and encouraged them to strive even harder to fight for an equal society and improve their welfare statuses. Also, the Brown Decision had resulted in a positive development for the Blacks in terms of economic impacts and benefits.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work