• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Throughout his reign, Henry VII deliberately pursued an anti-noble policy." Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Throughout his reign, Henry VII deliberately pursued an anti-noble policy." Discuss Henrys policy to the nobles during his reign could be considered as antagonistic. Henry had realised how easily the nobles could pose a threat to him, due to their power and responsibilities in his country, and so reduced this power thus reducing the possibilities of his downfall. This essays intention is to determine why Henry pursued such a dangerous policy, yet also reviewing the claims that his policies were anti-noble. This essay will also be interpreting the reasons for Henrys actions and the views of historians on the subject. Before the reign of Henry VII, the role of the nobles was highly significant in comparison to that during his reign due to the policies he introduced. Previous to his accession, the nobles had controlling, highly rated responsibilities, for example the Kings' lieutenants, which kept control of law and order in their locality. This position gave them power over many citizens which surrounded them, the problem for Henry being that these people were more likely to support their local noble, rather than a king whom they rarely or possibly never had contact with. ...read more.

Middle

First of all, Henry introduced the following ideas; firstly, he decided on a much smaller peerage, which meant that he assigned the "...fewest amounts of land in history..."3 to the nobles, giving them less power over nearby land. The next policy which he introduced was to give the least amount of favours to the nobles, through such things as finance, again restraining their power due to a smaller wealth, as well as the not providing them with armies. The most significant policy which he introduced, in this essays point of view, is the policy which made retaining illegal. This was a policy used by the nobles, giving them total authority over their workers, therefore creating the threat of them fighting on behalf of the nobles in opposition of the king. Henry also created attainders and ward ships which he created. These meant that nobles were required to sign 'contracts' to the king, which, if were broken entailed prison sentences, yet in many cases were settled financially, being a hefty source of finance for Henry. ...read more.

Conclusion

Henry's intelligence at firstly assessing the reigns of his predecessors before acting, portrays the idea to this essay that Henry assessed all possibilities involved with the nobility and their power, before acting, which plays a vital role in the length of his reign. Those whom Henry sacked from his council were, in the view of many historians, unsuitable for their position, and in some way incompetent. For Henry, the policies in which he introduced were clearly successful in securing his throne, as, although there were attempted usurptions, he remained in power until his death in ......, unlike many before him, who were forced to abdicate due to actions taken by the nobility. The main issue brought to attention in this essay is concerning the claim that Henry was anti-noble deliberately, to secure his throne; however, this is not the only issue. There are three main others. The initial exploration by this essay is into the financial prospects. Previously, before Henrys' policies, the nobles requested money from the king for amenities such as private armies. Henry's policy decreased the expenditure for these requests. 1 "England" Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 99. 2 Seminar Sheet page 1 3 Seminar sheet. Page 1 4 Seminar Sheet 5 Seminar Sheet ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    To what extent did Henry VII reduce the power of the nobility

    4 star(s)

    This is the most important factor in the reduction of power, as by using calculations of mercy and aggression, Henry VII was able to keep the nobility right where he wanted them, under his control whether it be through land restrictions in Howards case or in the literal sense of

  2. How was Henry VII anti noble.

    This was because they could become independent and rebel against him. From reviewing such events as this, Henry could interpret the consequences of powerful nobles, although there are advantages, such as them helping controlling law and order, there were many negative aspects of having nobles.

  1. Henry VII and His Money.

    Seeing that this was a fruitful source of revenue, and also realizing that trade enriched many of his subjects, thus helping to commit them to his rule, Henry worked for various treaties to increase the volume of trade. He also revised the 'Book of Rates', which specified just what taxes

  2. Charlemagne Essay.

    They would come fully armed. The war bands did not have obligation to serve. They wanted to serve became they wanted a portion of the booty. Ganshof argues that cavalry was the most important elite-victories. He believed that Charles' cavalries were superior to other cavalries.

  1. To What extent was Henry VII 's Reign Distinguished by Sober Statesmanship?

    Yet Michael Sittow is portraying him in his painting (1505) to almost flatter the king as he shows the kings face to be perhaps cheerful and sensual. However it was not only Henry who had painters differ in their works of his appearance, Richard III also has different views on his appearance.

  2. How Secure was Henry VII?

    was Perkin Warbeck and was persuaded by the Yorkist party to persuade Richard, Duke of York, the younger brother of Edward V. His claim was more serious as he had backing from some big names including Maximillian I, James IV of Scotland and Margaret of Burgundy.

  1. "To what extent can the accession of Henry VII be attributed to the instability ...

    He got Bishop Stillington of Bath and Wells to announce the bastard children of Edward IV, claiming they were illegitimate to the throne, only the days before Edwards' coronation. Within days of his plan being achieved, parliament presented Richard with the petition for him becoming King.

  2. How far did Henry VII deliberately attempt to reduce the power of the nobility ...

    Both of these, Henry VII did not make, they were already in place, having said that Henry VII exploited them for all they were worth. As Pendrill says, "Henry was the law? meaning that he could put both bonds and recognisance?s on whoever he saw fit, and furthermore, "The victim had no right of appeal".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work