• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extend did German foreign policy become more openly "Nazi", rather than purely nationalist in the course of 1938?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extend did German foreign policy become more openly "Nazi", rather than purely nationalist in the course of 1938? In 1925, many of Hitler's ideologies and visions for the future were published in his book, Mein Kampf. He spoke of Gross Deutschland, autarky, lebensraum, anti-Semitism and the Aryan race, amongst many other topics. Factors within this may sound perfectly nationalist - for example, Gross Deutschland was the desire to unite all German speaking people as one. However, the anti-Semitic attitude which Hitler held was purely a hatred for the Jews, and he claimed they were responsible for everything that he did not like. The policy of lebensraum was to provide living space for the people of Gross Deutschland - space which would be claimed by force These attitudes were surely not nationalist, and leads to the view that Hitler was never really just a nationalist; he was just a Nazi whose actions and attitudes could be (and were) well disguised as nationalism. In 1933, Germany left the League of Nations, shortly after also leaving the Disarmament Conference. This move was easily hidden under a veil of nationalism, due to it allowing Hitler the overturn of the Treaty of Versailles - surely a move which any nationalist would have strived for. ...read more.

Middle

territory of East Prussia, and cut Poland off from the Baltic Sea), yet Hitler did not appear to have intention of retaking either. He did not desire the colonies at all, and made a much unexpected move with Poland - forming a non-aggression pact. Poland and Germany were renowned for being enemies, but this pact made Poland far more vulnerable. It broke the Little Entente, and ceased relations between Poland and France, also leaving the latter further isolated, much to Hitler's favour. Of course, Hitler never really intended the pact to do what it said on the tin, and Poland was to serve much the same purpose as Austria; that being, a stepping stone to the East, and also to act as a subordinate ally against the USSR if necessary. This move by Hitler would be difficult to claim as simple nationalism, due to it being no benefit to the Gross Deutschland concept or other nationalistic ideas, and that it was, in all, a strange move considering the two countries previously unfriendly stance against one another. It could be said that Hitler was merely trying to act as a peace-maker, but it later came to be clear that this was not his intention, and that the pact would benefit Nazi intentions for the future. ...read more.

Conclusion

The memorandum included the plans for expansion into East Europe for living space, Hitler's desire for small wars to help support the German economy whilst striving for autarky. As for autarky itself, it was detailed that some aspects of it were unachievable at the time, and so war to the East could be considered a necessity to make these aspects possible. Further still, Autarky would have to be achieved in the next 5 years - Hitler wanted war with Britain and France in 1941-44/45. It can be concluded that many of Hitler's policies and aims may well have been nationalistic from the outside, but when read into, left paths to many more radical, Nazi plans. All territorial advances left doors to the East open and benefited the German economy, and in turn, aided the move towards autarky to set the country up for a state of war. Due to the territorial moves being in areas containing German speakers (Sudetenland, Austria), they were simply passed off as nationalism in uniting the German speakers to form Gross Deutschland. Moves such as the remilitarisation of the Rhineland and general rearmament (albeit on an excessive scale) were simply seen as a desire to overturn Versailles and its seemingly harsh terms. Only with the Hossbach Memorandum did it become clear that these moves would piece together to allow far more radical and very much Nazi plans to be undertaken. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    in Leipzig in 1930, he had stated that the Nazis were entering the legal arena in order to make their party the ruling power. Once they possessed constitutional power, they would mold the state into "the shape we hold to be suitable."

  2. How effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    It could therefore be argued that cultural nationalism was effective, as it marked a clear divide between Britain and Ireland. Perhaps the League had been extremely effective in achieving their aims to promote nationalism. It proved to be a breeding ground for Nationalist revolutionaries and organizations related to the Gaelic

  1. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Parnell was able to choose by which party offered the most to Ireland, and managed to get have two Home Rule bills drawn up. Redmond was competent at forging alliances whilst keeping his main objective in sight, shown when he allied himself with the Liberal party when he was in

  2. 'In the years 1933-37, German foreign policy was essentially nationalist rather than specifically Nazi'. ...

    of the Weimar era who had frequently expressed their resent for the 'stab in the back' German surrender in World War One. It is well-known that one of Hitler's main motivations for denouncing the treaty was to try and accelerate his rearmament programme, an idea shared with the Foreign Ministry.

  1. British Course Essay

    of those of the poorest worker, so that people would be deterred from entering them; and the reduction of abolishment of "outdoor relief" for the able bodied poor so that those seeking poor relief would have to go to a work house.

  2. Free essay

    To what extent did German foreign policy become more openly 'Nazi' rather then purely ...

    The methods changed from Nationalistic to Nazi when Hitler realised the joining of Austria would mean for Germany in war preparations and from increasing potential threats. This would have been in order to strengthen Germany from attackers, and to prepare for war, as well as going against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

  1. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    These statements clearly act in favour of appeasement, expressing that military action against Germanys actions was not necessary as she is clearly retaliating against the unjust nature of the Versailles settlement, remilitarising her troops in a part of her own country was seen as no clear threat towards Britain and France.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    2. In NEP Russia, much more art was free of communist ideology ï Lenin believed in ‘Art for Art’s sake’. Western films were more popular than Soviet films. In the 1930s, the State took more control of all aspects of media and culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work