• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

In the U.K there has been a major push for the introduction of national identity cards to all residents of the country. The cards are intended to use biometric technology to help maintain a high level of identity security

Extracts from this document...


Table of Contents Introduction 2 Proposing the Scheme 2 Reasons for the Scheme 2 Benefits of the Scheme 2 Technology needed to implement the scheme 3 Factors affecting the Scheme 4 Cost Issues 4 Privacy Issues 5 Reliability and Accuracy Issues 6 Functionality Issues 7 Data Protection Issues 7 Usability Issues 8 Conclusion 9 Appendix 10 References 11 Introduction Since the events of 9/11 the western world has been at a heightened state of alert. This has brought about the need for better security measures to be introduced into the western societies. Countries like Canada, the U.S, and even the U.K have proposed new methods of monitoring the identity of individuals in their countries. In the U.K there has been a major push for the introduction of national identity cards to all residents of the country. The cards are intended to use biometric technology to help maintain a high level of identity security and are expected to help control identity fraud and the problem of illegal immigrants. The new cards are also intended to monitor individuals that might be linked with any forms of terrorism. Proposing the Scheme Last year the Home Secretary, David Blunkett, proposed introducing a bill which would require all residents in the U.K to have an ID card which would hold data about them and would be stored in a government database [4]. This bill was intended to realise the scheme thought up by him in November 2003 [3]. The scheme was expected to use biometric technology. Biometric ID cards are far more sophisticated than normal photo-based ID cards. This is because they use fingerprints, hand measurements or retina scans to confirm the bearer's identity. Reasons for the Scheme The main reasons for the Creation of the Identity Cards Act 2005 were to : [5] * Combat terrorism * Maintain economic partnership with United States and Europe * Fight money laundering and organised crime * Control immigration, asylum and illegal work * Decrease public and private sector fraud * ...read more.


There is the opinion that more thought is needed about ways of verifying identities. Even if biometrics achieved 99.999% accuracy, on a database of 100 million people, this could lead to thousands of false matches. Such multitude of errors could cost the government great amounts of money e.g. if an individual is mistakenly accused for a crime because of a mismatch by the system, the government would account for libel payments. Privacy Issues The new biometric ID cards scheme is intended to work alongside with a national database of all residents of the UK. The database is expected every individuals biometric data and some of their personal details. With the introduction of the scheme, the police will have new powers to check scene-of-crime fingerprints against the biometric records of the entire UK adult population under the government's national ID card scheme. [8] The plan has raised questions about the accuracy of fingerprints and whether they are reliable enough to identify suspects in a database of 64 million people. The proposals contained in the small print of the ID Cards Bill are an expansion of the scope of the ID card programme, introduced by the home secretary to fight organised crime, terrorism, fraud and illegal working. The ID Cards Bill gives police investigating crimes access to the national ID card database if they are unable to find matches on the police's national fingerprint system, the Home Office confirmed. The ID cards Bill stated that police retain fingerprints from crime scenes and it would be possible for the police to run checks of this information against the National Identity Register to identify possible suspects in unsolved cases. This would have broader applications than terrorism. The idea of a National Identity Register has caused an outrage of public opposition, because it is felt that the information held on this database, could be an infringement of their privacy. ...read more.


On the other hand there are a whole list of negatives that could arise from the introduction of the new scheme. Members of the public are like to feel that their privacy is being invaded because the scheme could result to the U.K turning into a Big Brother state. Also there are concerns by the public of who would have access to delicate information which the government require to be in the database about them. Such fears have lead to great opposition by the public, the media and even industry watchdogs. I feel that the idea of ID cards might be a good idea for the U.K as a method of increasing security but some of the plans which go with the scheme, like the use of a National Identity Database and the making the information on it accessible online, I disagree with. This is because the scheme could lead to mass information of different peoples identity being available to hackers and intruders. Those who attack the ID plan do so for the right reasons, but they have chosen the wrong target. The real danger lies not in small plastic cards but in huge databases. Appendix SWOT Analysis Strengths * Increases security from fraud and terrorist * Weaknesses * expensive to implement * Opportunities * it can be used as a replacement for passports and all forms of ID * Threats * it can still be hacked into and information on it be made vunerable PEST Analysis Political * opposition by ministers * Economical * cost to implement are very high * will cost the taxpayer a lot of money Social * racial discrimination towards muslims and Asians * Technological * viruses can affect the database * compatibility with the supplier database MOST Mission Statement * the tackle identity fraud, and terrorism * provide a registry of records of all individuals in the U.K Objectives * prevent crime and terrorism * help locate crime suspect * prevent fraud Strategies * using it as an the main identity recognition source in the U. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Management & Manipulation of Information section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Management & Manipulation of Information essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Hardware and Network issues in e-commerce

    5 star(s)

    of the respondents had a low interest in m-commerce because of the lack of interest by consumers and 33% said m-commerce's decline was due to a bad business model (Thomas, 2003). However there are other issues that m-commerce has to contend with.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Information Retrieval tools. I have used a database to carry out my searches. ...

    3 star(s)

    The Common weakness of Google is that people face obstacles such as information overload. The authority The authority of the results is not always high in quality because there are too much information that is not needed. The accuracy is just not great as demanded.

  1. Analysis of market, environmental forces, competitors, marketing mix and consumer implementation.

    * The media will not focus completely on the new consoles being released and therefore promote the PSX 2 as still being a viable option even though it has been released for a longer period of time. This is in line with Sony's price strategy which is always being reviewed to fit market conditions.

  2. Managing Information Technology Security isnt simply a technology issue, its ...

    A good information/network security policy should support the organization's overall goals and mission, set standards for acceptable behavior on the network, identify assets that needs to be protected, and hopefully reduce the number of security incidents that occur within the organization.

  1. Designing a booking system for an Estate Agent.

    10. When taking the clients for property viewings do you use your own cars or does the business have its own company cars? Sometimes we don't really need cars as the properties are off walking distance but we do have 3 company cars which we could use to take the clients for property viewings.

  2. Planning a payroll system for a martial arts school.

    to be implemented on the existed computer ( Pc with windows vista, complete office suite, 1.2 Ghz processor, 2 Gb ram, 150 Gb harddrive etc). 2. Input-Process-Output-Storage of the new system Input Process Output Customer name Save in customer table Displayed in customer data base, booking slip and timetable Customer

  1. Background and investigation for designing a database for a DVD rental shop.

    Interview Questions and answers 1. How many personnel are currently in your employ? We have three members of staff. Two work on a full time basis and one works part-time. 2. What details do you hold about your employees? As all employees are family members not much information is kept

  2. Free essay

    Data Protection

    * In most cases some spyware make changes to your computer that can be annoying and can cause your computer slow down or crash. Preventing Spyware * To help prevent spyware, you should do the following things: Use a firewall: A small amount of spyware can actually be placed on your computer remotely by hackers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work