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Pre parliament stage of bills - Green and White Papers

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Pre-Parliament stage process The green paper Green Papers are consultation documents produced by the Government. Often when a government department is considering introducing a new law, it will put together a discussion document called a Green Paper. The aim of this document is to allow people both inside and outside Parliament to debate the subject and give the department feedback on its suggestions. Copies of consultation documents such as Green Papers and White Papers which are produced by the Government are available on the related departmental websites. A White Paper is a document issued by a government department which contains detailed proposals for legislation. It is the final stage before the government introduces its proposals to Parliament in the form of a bill. ...read more.


Explanatory Notes are also published to accompany the bill, although they may not always be available as soon as the bill itself is published. Second reading Second reading is the main debate on the whole bill in which MPs debate the principles behind bill. The debate usually focuses on the main points rather than the smaller details. At the end of this a bot is taken in the same way as before. Obviously there must be a majority in favour for the bill to progress any further. Committee stage At this stage there is a detailed examination of each clause of the bill. This detailed examination is not carried out by the whole of House of Commons but is done by a select committee, which is a group of MPs specially chosen for that Bill. ...read more.


There is no set time period between the consideration of amendments to the Bill and Royal Assent - it can even be a matter of minutes after Ping Pong is complete. The bill is sent to the House of Lords which check the Bill in a similar way to that of the Commons. The commons must agree on the next bill. If the lords allow their bills amendments are printed and must be considered by the Commons. If commons does not allow this then they will send a letter explaining the matter. Once it has gone through all of these stages it will go through the other house and will repeat and then goes to Royal Assent. Royal Assent is the Monarch's agreement to make the Bill into an Act and is a formality. This bill is in the second stage in the pre parliament. It is a private members bill. ...read more.

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