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Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness

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Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness In the sporting world, the question, "what is the difference between skill, ability and technique?" is often asked. This essay investigates what defines these three terms and also how they can be improved over time by practice using sporting examples. Therefore this essay will include: * A definition of skill, ability and technique and how they are different. * Defining different types of skill. * The relationship between the three. * Which is the best way to improve them? * What effects learning. * How individuals at each stage should be taught. * A conclusion rounding up the points made. "The behaviour which tends to eliminate the discrepancy between intention and performance." (Oldfield, 1996). This is one of many ways of viewing what skill is. Skill is acquired and must be learned and can be continually developed over time. Ability, on the other hand, is a genetically determined characteristic often inherited from parents or developed through maturation and experience. Examples of these characteristics include good coordination, balance and speed of reactions. ...read more.

Middle

identified the following psychomotor abilities: muscular power and endurance, flexibility, balance, coordination, differential relaxation. Fleishman (1972) firstly developed a list of proficiency abilities; these are general athletic abilities and could therefore be considered physical fitness abilities (see appendix for full list). Even though all individuals possess these abilities some possess them at higher levels. Each individual will have a different pattern of strengths and weaknesses depending in his/her unique genetic make up. However nobody is born with all of the above abilities. Researchers have tried to identify the possibility of an 'all round general athletic ability' but have so far found that the results they have acquired tend to support the view that specific skills require specific abilities. As it was said earlier, abilities are innate, inherited factors that a person is born with, yet these abilities can still be trained and improved in specific situations. Abilities are not necessarily linked or related which means that even if a person does not have the abilities to succeed at one activity doesn't mean they do not have to ability to succeed at another different activity requiring slightly different ability levels. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is known as the TOP's programme. These are just a few examples of what they have to offer: TOP Tots - helping children aged 18 months to 3 years experience physical activities and games like running and skipping etc. This means their fundamental motor skills will be improved. TOP Start - encouraging 3-5 year olds to learn through physical activity throwing and catching. Along with the rest of the TOP programmes these practices help vastly improve skill and technique, and means that the different abilities many children have will not go to waste. Skill, ability and technique are really quite different yet it would be near impossible to become a top athlete without a good combination of all three. Without the help of a good coach or good facilities it could be difficult to have the opportunity to improve the three areas. This is something that really needs to be considered for the future. There should be equal opportunities and equal funding for talent identification in all sports. Although there are not a lot of sporting opportunities around Britain at the moment, with the help of the TOP programme there should be a huge improvement in the amount of British athletes emerging at a young age. ...read more.

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