• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness In the sporting world, the question, "what is the difference between skill, ability and technique?" is often asked. This essay investigates what defines these three terms and also how they can be improved over time by practice using sporting examples. Therefore this essay will include: * A definition of skill, ability and technique and how they are different. * Defining different types of skill. * The relationship between the three. * Which is the best way to improve them? * What effects learning. * How individuals at each stage should be taught. * A conclusion rounding up the points made. "The behaviour which tends to eliminate the discrepancy between intention and performance." (Oldfield, 1996). This is one of many ways of viewing what skill is. Skill is acquired and must be learned and can be continually developed over time. Ability, on the other hand, is a genetically determined characteristic often inherited from parents or developed through maturation and experience. Examples of these characteristics include good coordination, balance and speed of reactions. ...read more.


identified the following psychomotor abilities: muscular power and endurance, flexibility, balance, coordination, differential relaxation. Fleishman (1972) firstly developed a list of proficiency abilities; these are general athletic abilities and could therefore be considered physical fitness abilities (see appendix for full list). Even though all individuals possess these abilities some possess them at higher levels. Each individual will have a different pattern of strengths and weaknesses depending in his/her unique genetic make up. However nobody is born with all of the above abilities. Researchers have tried to identify the possibility of an 'all round general athletic ability' but have so far found that the results they have acquired tend to support the view that specific skills require specific abilities. As it was said earlier, abilities are innate, inherited factors that a person is born with, yet these abilities can still be trained and improved in specific situations. Abilities are not necessarily linked or related which means that even if a person does not have the abilities to succeed at one activity doesn't mean they do not have to ability to succeed at another different activity requiring slightly different ability levels. ...read more.


It is known as the TOP's programme. These are just a few examples of what they have to offer: TOP Tots - helping children aged 18 months to 3 years experience physical activities and games like running and skipping etc. This means their fundamental motor skills will be improved. TOP Start - encouraging 3-5 year olds to learn through physical activity throwing and catching. Along with the rest of the TOP programmes these practices help vastly improve skill and technique, and means that the different abilities many children have will not go to waste. Skill, ability and technique are really quite different yet it would be near impossible to become a top athlete without a good combination of all three. Without the help of a good coach or good facilities it could be difficult to have the opportunity to improve the three areas. This is something that really needs to be considered for the future. There should be equal opportunities and equal funding for talent identification in all sports. Although there are not a lot of sporting opportunities around Britain at the moment, with the help of the TOP programme there should be a huge improvement in the amount of British athletes emerging at a young age. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    of times I forgot to defend the ball in match: 9 Number of times balance was a problem: 6 Number of tactical and strategically plays during match: 1 Week 2: Number of pace changes during match: 5 Number of times I forgot to defend the ball in match: 7 Number

  2. Components of Fitness - Components of Physical Fitness

    This way, power can be put on the ball, to generate speed. For a midfield player flexibility can be when attempting to control the ball by using the chest. The back, again is arched backwards and the arms are pushed backwards to bring the chest out more, giving the ball a larger surface area to land on.

  1. Chest pass - "Skill is the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with ...

    Practise 2) Star drill; Requirements - 1 ball - At least 7 players, (3 throwers, and 4 or more workers) T - throwers W - workers o Players form a diamond, 1 thrower at each of the three corners, and 2 rows of workers in the forth corner!

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    This will therefore give me more confidence within the shot and will make me use it more within games therefore improving my overall defence within the game. This will be a variety of shots towards to forehand, so that I push the ball back meaning that im used to different

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Place feet on platform. Grasp handles to sides. Execution: Push platform away by extending knees and hips. Return and repeat. Arm Curl: Preparation: Face low pulley and grasp stirrup cable attachment to one side with an underhand grip. Execution: With elbow to the side, raise bar until forearms are vertical.

  2. Motivation essay

    For example if a football player scores an own goal his/her arousal reaches high proportions and anxiety also increases, this results in their performance becoming poor and are often substituted soon after. Overall arousal has to be specifically monitored and shaped to the needs of the performer in order to

  1. Skill Acquisition - Assignment 3

    they found most difficult before finally putting the parts back together again. When the parts are put back together the learner will have a better understanding if what the skill demands. This skill relies on the transfer of learning between the individual components and the whole skill.

  2. A2 pe coursework

    know where she may run, and what she can do to stop her from going there. This therefore ensures that she has the opportunity to go for the interception, without hesitation. * Jenny always tries to go for the ball in an uncontested manner, so that the umpires can't say that she did contact.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work