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Discuss the differences between skill, ability, and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness.

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Introduction

Discuss the differences between skill, ability, and technique and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by structured practices. Skill can be defined as: "Skill is an organized co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms" (Welford, 2000:page-102) This definition of skill shows that skills are learned with a goal to achieve which makes it differ to ability and technique. Skills are a combination of sensory, central and motor mechanisms put together to achieve a goal. For example, kicking a football. There are four different types of skill, which are: - Cognitive skill involves performers mental ability to solve problems, plan and make decisions, as well as their understanding of the nature of their sport. ...read more.

Middle

The drill would be taught with a group of ten. To break down a drill of a long serve in badminton you would break up the group and have them practice it on their own, as soon as they had mastered the skill they could then perform it in front of a coach or teacher. After the teacher has given them feedback and guidance, they could incorporate it into a game, competing five against five. To improve your skill you could, draw a target on a wall and practice shots to improve on your accuracy for a structured practice. The abilities that you need are hand eye coordination to be able to meet the shuttle with your racket as you watch it flight path, you would also need flexibility to make sure that you can move to return the shuttle to a opponent whilst in a structured practice. The technique is a long service. Here it shows that with hard strong and willing practice, anyone can improve upon the skill whereas the abilities which are named can be improved through time, also rising will be your ability levels and therefore the technique being carried out correctly will be the skill and abilities joining together. ...read more.

Conclusion

Below is a diagram showing how to develop a skill Figure 1.2 Motivation Stimulus ? Response Reinforcement (Paul Boyle) Classification of Skill Practice Type Practice Organization Style of Teaching Guidance For a cool down, do the stretches as shown in figure 1.1 and a light jog turning into a walk, to bring pulse back down to resting state. Feedback is closely linked with guidance. Guidance is used before and during sport but feedback is used after sport. There is visual guidance, which is "Understanding the what and how of the skill " E.g. badminton-hoops on ground for service target. Verbal guidance supports visual guidance e.g. hyper extends into move "toes trail bed". Manual/mechanical guidance supports awareness (feeling) e.g. short serve or clear (swing wrist action). There are six types of feedback, which are positive, negative, extrinsic/augmented, and intrinsic, terminal and concurrent feedback. Positive feedback encourages beginners so that they know what to repeat, and negative feedback lets beginner's know what they are doing wrong so that they can master the skill that is being taught to them. How do skill, ability and technique relate into the warm-up, feedback, guidance etc. Relating skill, ability and technique to a long serve in badminton. Figure 1. ...read more.

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