• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills Warren Vessey Word Count 1289 Introduction Feedback is used as a guiding tool and is central for good and successful coaching and learning. In order for a learner who is participating in a new sport or wants to develop that sport further, then feedback is essential if the sportsperson is to develop their skill and technique. First before giving out feedback or guidance the qualified coach/instructor must access their current ability in the sport in a match situation, which then the coach can observe and start the teaching when the problems and bad technique are identified by the coach and the performer receives feedback on the coach's findings. It is best if the performer is a beginner at the sport to teach them using visual and verbal guidance. The beginner can quickly understand the input information given by the coach, and can see a mental picture of the skill which would make it easier for the performer. The coach needs to demonstrate a few mistakes the performer is making, but it is very important that they do not dwell on the bad points or the performer will take it as criticism and could lose morale. ...read more.

Middle

An intermediate would need continuous, constructive feedback to keep the performer constantly busy while learning at the same time. This would stop boredom and keep the learner focused. With encouragement the performer will be more motivated to learn more and step into the associative phase once the performer has learned the basics of the skill. Teaching the intermediate performer should be more focused on improving their skill in match situations. Using Distributed practice is a perfect teaching method because the learner can train constantly and enjoy themselves working hard and will enjoy the rest breaks given in distributed practice sessions. These rest breaks are a perfect opportunity for the coach to give feedback on knowledge of performance. This continuous feedback is essential for the performer because they can constantly improve their technique on the go without having to go away and learn by themselves. Distributed practice is also good for learners who lack fitness and experience. The same method for teaching a racket sport can be used for a team game like football. Learning can be complicated and hard going for a beginner. This is Welfords model of information processing: A learner can not take in and understand as much information as an expert or even an intermediate can. ...read more.

Conclusion

In an individual sport like indoor bowling the difference between a beginner and an intermediate is small. An intermediate would have developed small amounts of kinasthesis, whereas a beginner has not developed muscle memory yet. The coach would rely on knowledge of results to check whether the performer is improving. If not then visual guidance is needed to demonstrate how to perform it. Positive feedback always used to encourage them when they are not performing well or are struggling with a certain technique. The beginner needs one-on-one coaching to develop their cognitive phase learning. Using command style/reciprocal teaching the learner can remain motivated while making sure they are learning the proper technique. Experts use intrinsic feedback to further their skill, they can tell if rolled the ball to hard or soft and can keep on practising to improve. They have good kinasthesis to determine this. Concurrent is important so the learner can change their technique by each shot until they have a good result and will store that technique in their LTM. This is not possible during a football game because a coach can not stop a football match in full flow. It would de-motivate the performer and frustrate them when they just want to play a game without interruptions. This would also confuse the performer. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    Result: The result of this is that sometimes I lose possession of the ball or I am tackled. When I do keep possession of the ball, I create, on average 6 scoring opportunities per game. Part C1- causes of weakness Although i am good at anticipating where the ball is

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    Irregular practice, playing backhand pushes down the backhand till the opponent opens up to the forehand within a certain number of shots but is irregular so its random, then the shot is blocked via the forehand; This will therefore make me more alert to when the shot is played, this is because its irregular so its like it's a game.

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Another problem was that I did not collect enough data. Without the data I have found it hard to show if my fitness level has increased or decreased. I cannot use any forms of graphs because I have irrelevant information.

  2. Motivation plays a key role in the learning of skills, because the performer has ...

    Pavlov set up an experiment to find out if the dogs could be trained to salivate at other stimuli such as the sound of a bell or a light. At feeding times, Pavlov would ring a bell and the amount of saliva produced by the dog was measured.

  1. Sports Analysis (Tennis)

    When my stamina increases I will be able to perform better in the longer more drawn out matches as well as improving my chances of winning the closer sets as well as having a better chance of winning tiebreak's which are often the most important times in matches.

  2. Nformation Processing during the Performance of Skills in Physical Education.

    A highly skilled performer can also receive knowledge of performance through kinaesthetic awareness, as they know how a good performance feels. The use of videos, cameras, digital cameras and video cameras has helped to develop knowledge of performance. Extrinsic feedback should not be used more often than needed because the

  1. Coaches and Guidance.

    however, these have been found to be of limited value when teaching a skill due to their static displays. Videos are a form of visual guidance that are used increasingly by coaches both for demonstrations and feedback. However, this has only been found to be a useful method if a number of requirements are fulfilled.

  2. Different Types of Learning. Everyone has there own way of learning people might have ...

    This is a process of trial and error with a success rate of 2 or 3 out of 10 attempts. When the performer performers the skill correctly it must be reinforced through external feedback. Associative or Verbal motor phase: The performances of the performer are becoming more consistent as motor programmes are being formed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work