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Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills.

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Introduction

Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills Warren Vessey Word Count 1289 Introduction Feedback is used as a guiding tool and is central for good and successful coaching and learning. In order for a learner who is participating in a new sport or wants to develop that sport further, then feedback is essential if the sportsperson is to develop their skill and technique. First before giving out feedback or guidance the qualified coach/instructor must access their current ability in the sport in a match situation, which then the coach can observe and start the teaching when the problems and bad technique are identified by the coach and the performer receives feedback on the coach's findings. It is best if the performer is a beginner at the sport to teach them using visual and verbal guidance. The beginner can quickly understand the input information given by the coach, and can see a mental picture of the skill which would make it easier for the performer. The coach needs to demonstrate a few mistakes the performer is making, but it is very important that they do not dwell on the bad points or the performer will take it as criticism and could lose morale. ...read more.

Middle

An intermediate would need continuous, constructive feedback to keep the performer constantly busy while learning at the same time. This would stop boredom and keep the learner focused. With encouragement the performer will be more motivated to learn more and step into the associative phase once the performer has learned the basics of the skill. Teaching the intermediate performer should be more focused on improving their skill in match situations. Using Distributed practice is a perfect teaching method because the learner can train constantly and enjoy themselves working hard and will enjoy the rest breaks given in distributed practice sessions. These rest breaks are a perfect opportunity for the coach to give feedback on knowledge of performance. This continuous feedback is essential for the performer because they can constantly improve their technique on the go without having to go away and learn by themselves. Distributed practice is also good for learners who lack fitness and experience. The same method for teaching a racket sport can be used for a team game like football. Learning can be complicated and hard going for a beginner. This is Welfords model of information processing: A learner can not take in and understand as much information as an expert or even an intermediate can. ...read more.

Conclusion

In an individual sport like indoor bowling the difference between a beginner and an intermediate is small. An intermediate would have developed small amounts of kinasthesis, whereas a beginner has not developed muscle memory yet. The coach would rely on knowledge of results to check whether the performer is improving. If not then visual guidance is needed to demonstrate how to perform it. Positive feedback always used to encourage them when they are not performing well or are struggling with a certain technique. The beginner needs one-on-one coaching to develop their cognitive phase learning. Using command style/reciprocal teaching the learner can remain motivated while making sure they are learning the proper technique. Experts use intrinsic feedback to further their skill, they can tell if rolled the ball to hard or soft and can keep on practising to improve. They have good kinasthesis to determine this. Concurrent is important so the learner can change their technique by each shot until they have a good result and will store that technique in their LTM. This is not possible during a football game because a coach can not stop a football match in full flow. It would de-motivate the performer and frustrate them when they just want to play a game without interruptions. This would also confuse the performer. ...read more.

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