• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the role of Feedback in the learning of Skills Warren Vessey Word Count 1289 Introduction Feedback is used as a guiding tool and is central for good and successful coaching and learning. In order for a learner who is participating in a new sport or wants to develop that sport further, then feedback is essential if the sportsperson is to develop their skill and technique. First before giving out feedback or guidance the qualified coach/instructor must access their current ability in the sport in a match situation, which then the coach can observe and start the teaching when the problems and bad technique are identified by the coach and the performer receives feedback on the coach's findings. It is best if the performer is a beginner at the sport to teach them using visual and verbal guidance. The beginner can quickly understand the input information given by the coach, and can see a mental picture of the skill which would make it easier for the performer. The coach needs to demonstrate a few mistakes the performer is making, but it is very important that they do not dwell on the bad points or the performer will take it as criticism and could lose morale. ...read more.

Middle

An intermediate would need continuous, constructive feedback to keep the performer constantly busy while learning at the same time. This would stop boredom and keep the learner focused. With encouragement the performer will be more motivated to learn more and step into the associative phase once the performer has learned the basics of the skill. Teaching the intermediate performer should be more focused on improving their skill in match situations. Using Distributed practice is a perfect teaching method because the learner can train constantly and enjoy themselves working hard and will enjoy the rest breaks given in distributed practice sessions. These rest breaks are a perfect opportunity for the coach to give feedback on knowledge of performance. This continuous feedback is essential for the performer because they can constantly improve their technique on the go without having to go away and learn by themselves. Distributed practice is also good for learners who lack fitness and experience. The same method for teaching a racket sport can be used for a team game like football. Learning can be complicated and hard going for a beginner. This is Welfords model of information processing: A learner can not take in and understand as much information as an expert or even an intermediate can. ...read more.

Conclusion

In an individual sport like indoor bowling the difference between a beginner and an intermediate is small. An intermediate would have developed small amounts of kinasthesis, whereas a beginner has not developed muscle memory yet. The coach would rely on knowledge of results to check whether the performer is improving. If not then visual guidance is needed to demonstrate how to perform it. Positive feedback always used to encourage them when they are not performing well or are struggling with a certain technique. The beginner needs one-on-one coaching to develop their cognitive phase learning. Using command style/reciprocal teaching the learner can remain motivated while making sure they are learning the proper technique. Experts use intrinsic feedback to further their skill, they can tell if rolled the ball to hard or soft and can keep on practising to improve. They have good kinasthesis to determine this. Concurrent is important so the learner can change their technique by each shot until they have a good result and will store that technique in their LTM. This is not possible during a football game because a coach can not stop a football match in full flow. It would de-motivate the performer and frustrate them when they just want to play a game without interruptions. This would also confuse the performer. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Self analysis of football performance - Comparison to elite model

    Result: The result of this is that sometimes I lose possession of the ball or I am tackled. When I do keep possession of the ball, I create, on average 6 scoring opportunities per game. Part C1- causes of weakness Although i am good at anticipating where the ball is

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    The knees need to be bent so the quadriceps contract and the hamstrings relax. Execution; When Paul executes the shot he brings his closed forehand bat to where the ball is about to bounce, he then hits the ball just after it has bounced, therefore meaning any spin on the

  1. Different Types of Learning. Everyone has there own way of learning people might have ...

    All of this information is inherent to the task. The more experience and skill that the performer has the better use they will make of intrinsic feedback. Extrinsic feedback: extrinsic feedback is made up of a series of different types and forms of feedback which are listed below: * Continuous * Terminal * Knowledge * Knowledge of performance *

  2. Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

    * They are consistent - they could repeat the skill perfectly over and over. * They are economically coordinated- they know when to use the correct energies at the right time of the skill * They are Accurate- they can place the ball were they want it , in other sports they're hands/feet are always in the correct place.

  1. Motivation plays a key role in the learning of skills, because the performer has ...

    In both of these cases of punishment, the behaviour decreases Cognitive theories: The Cognitive stage in relation to sport is the early stages. The cognitive theories first appeared last century. They are concerned with the things that happen inside our heads as we learn.

  2. Types of Learning and how they apply to developing football skills.

    this in a competitive environment, at this stage the athlete will learn how to include the skill in a competitive situation and how to carry it out whilst in this situation. Feedback: training and competition can be counterproductive if athletes are not made aware of their good or bad performance.

  1. Sports Analysis (Tennis)

    My aim is to get my score to a little lower than the average score for men which is 15.2. For improving my stress, anxiety and aggression levels I will use controlled breathing techniques to keep myself under control when I feel my stress or aggression levels rising, also I

  2. Collect information to prepare to coach

    B Suppleness Flexibility is the ability to move a joint smoothly through its complete range of motion during the execution of the techniques in sport. Why: In rugby you need flexibility to take conversions and to kick out of hand.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work