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Fitness for health and performance.

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Introduction

Fitness for health and performance. What is good health? Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economics or social conditions. These things can influence how good or bad your health is: * Use and misuse of substances such as drugs, alcohol and tobacco. * Sex education * Family life education * Safety * Health-related exercise * Nutrition * Personal hygiene * Environmental aspects of health education * Psychological aspects of health education What is physical fitness? General fitness includes a good health and being able to carry out every day activities with ease. ...read more.

Middle

You can achieve specific fitness by training. What is strength? There are different types of strength; each has a different effect on the body static strength, explosive strength and dynamic strength. Static strength is the greatest amount of force that can be applied to an immovable object, like in a rugby scrum. Explosive strength is the muscular strength used in one short sharp movement, like a sprinter leaving the starting blocks. Dynamic strength is the muscular strength a sports person needs to support their own body weight over a prolonged period of time, or to be able to apply force against some type of object like in speed skating. This type of strength is closely linked with endurance. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sets are the number of times to do a particular weight activity. Isotonic training is where the amount of weight moved remains constant throughout the training. Isokinetic is where special equipment is needed so you can vary the weights while still working at a constant speed. Isometric training is where contraction is held at a particular point. On average, men have a third more strength than women. This is because men have more testosterone than women which increases muscle growth. Flexibility Is the range of movement around a joint. Sometimes it is called suppleness or mobility. The amount you can bend or stretch your joints is very important when taking part in physical activities. Flexibility can also decrease the chance of injury. Flexibility can increase the level of performance like in dancing, gymnastics and most athletic activities. Women tend to be more flexible than men because women have less muscle mass. Dayna Edwin 10GB 01/05/2007 ...read more.

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