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Leisure, Structure and Society

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Introduction

Leisure, Structure & Society "The first thing to be said about leisure is that it is not new." (Torkildsen) There have been many different interpretations of leisure in the past, some of which still exist in today's world. Although there are so many definitions not one can be deemed as right or wrong. This is due to the fact that leisure is continually expanding and certain aspects of people's lives incorporate a certain part of a theorist's definition. To explore leisure and Torkildsen's statement there are a number of areas to consider. These areas include the history of leisure, this should be uncovered to find out how, why and where leisure first came about. Also the variety of definitions needs to be explored to see if there is the ability to create an all-embracing definition of leisure. As well as definitions, associated concepts of leisure such as recreation and play need to be analysed. These are all important aspects to consider when it comes to writing about leisure. As leisure is such a vast subject it is hard to put boundaries in place to split the content. This could be due to the fact that leisure has existed in people's lives since the earliest years. In today's world leisure is seen as a totally different concept from when it first existed. ...read more.

Middle

This has now seen a decline in the power of the Catholic Church and a greater interest in humanity and performing arts. During the industrial revolution there have been lots of changes in the development of leisure. Many cities grew around factories meaning there would be little space for recreational facilities. There was also still a class structure in place, which meant many of the working class would have no time to participate in leisure, "Time or lack of it was also a major restriction. The customary twelve to fourteen hour work day, six days a week, left little time for play." (Baker) A big change came about when people influenced the government to adopt a half-day during the working week. This was seen as a turning point for leisure and also influenced an explosion in growth and participation of leisure. "Workers even created their own holiday, St. Monday, when they refused to go to the factory, but instead stayed at home to recover from a weekend drinking spree." (Baker, W. 1988:105) The present leisure industry is worth �1.7 billion per week. This is largely due to the development of leisure through the ages. As time has passed through the eras there have been many different definitions of leisure, although there is not a "perfect" definition many can be linked together to form a relatively precise one. ...read more.

Conclusion

Leisure and play is an important aspect of everyone's lives, and has a personal meaning for each person, as everyone has a different aspect of how they like to enjoy themselves and have fun. There is no all round definition of play or why people play, but some theorists say there is a link between stress levels and playfulness, therefore suggesting the more fun people have the lower their stress levels will be. Parry 1977 suggests: "leisure is a social phenomenon itself, involves social constraint and social obligation and can best be thought of as being embodied in a whole way of life, such an idea immediately invokes the concept of culture." This suggests that leisure is affected by an individual, there choice of activities and affects the way they live their life. Evidence to suggest that Torkildsen's statement is correct and that leisure is not new, can be seen from the leisure industry being worth �1.7 billion per week. For the leisure industry to be worth this much, it would have had to build up over time. Therefore all historical eras have played a big part in the way today's leisure can be defined. With many new and exciting activities in the world today people can create their own meaning of leisure which is personal to them, this meaning would have been adapted through generations and will continue to flow through life. ...read more.

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