• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social influences on sport participation

Extracts from this document...


Social influences on sport participation It is clear that sport is strongly influenced by social factors and by human cultural responses. There is a recurring tension between tradition and the cry for modern intervention, this is apparent in football, where some want the technology that is used in rugby, in which a television screen is used in doubtful situations such as try's that weren't fully seen by the referee, this would eradicate time wasting in controversial football decisions, that cause players to fire up at referee's. The development of sport has moved with various waves of social change Cultural In the UK we've witnessed the move to urbanisation from an agricultural way of life, i.e. from working on farms as a farmer or farm hand to working in factories, then we moved to a technologically based society in the twentieth century and a communications and electronic society in the twenty-first. With this we have seen major changes in the way we provide and participate in sport. We have new physical and social settings, such as golfing complexes, multi sports clubs, high-tech stadiums, indoor cricket arenas and even virtual reality dimensions for practicing before we play. Many local, regional and national cultural attitudes and values are reflected in the development of sport. With specific sports in selected areas i.e. ...read more.


The amount of obesity in the western world has increased due to our diet and lack of exercise. Embarrassment is a powerful emotion that prevents people from taking part in sport. For such people to become involved in sport they need to be encouraged and have the right environment provided. Joining clubs such as weight watchers prior to taking part in sport could be beneficial to help build up confidence. They would then feel good enough about themselves to take part in a sport. Access: The growth of sports facilities has increased access but, although more low-cost courses are available, some people still cannot afford to participate in sport. Issues related to access are: - Opening times- e.g. may not be convenient for shift workers. - Age- e.g. sport is often perceived as young people's activity and elderly people may feel undignified if they participate I sport. - Race- e.g. racial discrimination may reduce a person's confidence in getting involved in a sport community. - Class- different level of classes where certain other people who aren't of that class cant take part, e.g. polo seen as a posh persons sport. - Disability- lack of suitable facilities such as wheelchair access, ramps or wide enough doors for disabled people to take part in sport. To encourage more people to participate in sport the government, schools, sports clubs and local authorities have produced a number of initiatives. ...read more.


Physical Barriers: Include problems to do with a person's size, weight, agility, dexterity, awareness and vision. Gender Barriers: Are usually strongly associated with inequality and discrimination. A number of sources of inequality have been identified as causing barriers for women such as, responsibilities for child care, shortage of free time, lack of personal transport and money, low self esteem and confidence. Opportunity Barriers: Differ from person to person and include availability of time, facilities, courses, coaches, transport and colleagues to play with. Some barriers arise from conflicting demands on time. Health and fitness barriers: Include attitudes as well as physical issues. There may be an assumption that some sports have a high incidence of injury. That playing sport can be humiliating. Disability: Can be a barrier, and the integration of disabled participants is ongoing challenge for sport. Recent legislation has forced organisations to look at physical barriers and build or rebuild suitable access. Barriers are mainly physical ones but others include lack of opportunity, and lack of suitable or qualified coaches, adaptation of equipment, lack of money, lack of transport, and the disadvantaged may have less time or energy for sport. All target groups experience barriers to participation. The target groups are: * OAP'S * CHLDREN * DISABLED * TEENAGERS * UNEMPLOYED * WOMEN * ETHNIC GROUPS * DIFFERENT ABILITY LEVELS * INNER CITY KIDS Jed Mc Mullan IVA Task 6 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. The Role And Development Of Women In Sport

    the chairing of meetings). 3. Women are perceived to be more suited to caring positions (e.g. refreshments, or caring for athletes with disabilities). There is also a lack of role models to inspire other women to gain managerial roles. The few women who have senior positions are often exposed to far more criticism than men.

  2. I love cricket!

    Besides, just like there are rivals teams like Rangers and Celtic or Villa and West Brom in football, the cricket rivalry of India and Pakistan is said to be the fiercest of the fierce. Where Lords' in England is the Mecca of cricket - the finest ground in the world,

  1. Factors affecting participation in certain sports

    Activities like sailing, golf and riding can be very expensive so many people from lower socio-economic groups are excluded from them. There are also many activities that cost very little. A kick around in the park with a group of friends, for example, and sport at school are mostly free.

  2. Barriers to participation in sport

    Advertisement for these may only be inside the facilities. Where not many disabled people go meaning that not many see it and therefore a team cannot be formed. A lack of opportunities does not appear as a barrier to participation for the disabled but as well for everyone.

  1. What are the Physiological differences between male and female athletes

    * Less P.M.T. Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a decrease in bone mineral density. Peak bone mass is achieved between the ages of 18-25; after that bone mass is lost at a rate of 0.3%-0.5% per year. Menopausal women lose approx. 3% of bone mass per year for an average year of

  2. Factors Affecting Individual Performance and Participation in games.

    Sport England was named as a distributor, and now uses lottery money to help a number of sporting causes. Many people believe this increased funding has helped to develop our international competitors, increasing our medal tallies at the Olympics and World Championship competitions.

  1. Female Participation in Sport

    Review of background literature Many have researched this topic of female participation in sport and many different reasons have been given why it is harder for female to take part in sport. Over the years female in sport has become a big thing.

  2. Discuss the social influences that effect participation in sport.

    These include: * Washing machines * Dish washers * Microwaves * Hoovers amongst others. All these amenities help people to save time, therefore leaving them with more leisure time, in which they may choose to include themselves in sport. By being presented with more leisure time, there is a more likely chance that people will participate in sport.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work