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Social influences on sport participation

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Introduction

Social influences on sport participation It is clear that sport is strongly influenced by social factors and by human cultural responses. There is a recurring tension between tradition and the cry for modern intervention, this is apparent in football, where some want the technology that is used in rugby, in which a television screen is used in doubtful situations such as try's that weren't fully seen by the referee, this would eradicate time wasting in controversial football decisions, that cause players to fire up at referee's. The development of sport has moved with various waves of social change Cultural In the UK we've witnessed the move to urbanisation from an agricultural way of life, i.e. from working on farms as a farmer or farm hand to working in factories, then we moved to a technologically based society in the twentieth century and a communications and electronic society in the twenty-first. With this we have seen major changes in the way we provide and participate in sport. We have new physical and social settings, such as golfing complexes, multi sports clubs, high-tech stadiums, indoor cricket arenas and even virtual reality dimensions for practicing before we play. Many local, regional and national cultural attitudes and values are reflected in the development of sport. With specific sports in selected areas i.e. ...read more.

Middle

The amount of obesity in the western world has increased due to our diet and lack of exercise. Embarrassment is a powerful emotion that prevents people from taking part in sport. For such people to become involved in sport they need to be encouraged and have the right environment provided. Joining clubs such as weight watchers prior to taking part in sport could be beneficial to help build up confidence. They would then feel good enough about themselves to take part in a sport. Access: The growth of sports facilities has increased access but, although more low-cost courses are available, some people still cannot afford to participate in sport. Issues related to access are: - Opening times- e.g. may not be convenient for shift workers. - Age- e.g. sport is often perceived as young people's activity and elderly people may feel undignified if they participate I sport. - Race- e.g. racial discrimination may reduce a person's confidence in getting involved in a sport community. - Class- different level of classes where certain other people who aren't of that class cant take part, e.g. polo seen as a posh persons sport. - Disability- lack of suitable facilities such as wheelchair access, ramps or wide enough doors for disabled people to take part in sport. To encourage more people to participate in sport the government, schools, sports clubs and local authorities have produced a number of initiatives. ...read more.

Conclusion

Physical Barriers: Include problems to do with a person's size, weight, agility, dexterity, awareness and vision. Gender Barriers: Are usually strongly associated with inequality and discrimination. A number of sources of inequality have been identified as causing barriers for women such as, responsibilities for child care, shortage of free time, lack of personal transport and money, low self esteem and confidence. Opportunity Barriers: Differ from person to person and include availability of time, facilities, courses, coaches, transport and colleagues to play with. Some barriers arise from conflicting demands on time. Health and fitness barriers: Include attitudes as well as physical issues. There may be an assumption that some sports have a high incidence of injury. That playing sport can be humiliating. Disability: Can be a barrier, and the integration of disabled participants is ongoing challenge for sport. Recent legislation has forced organisations to look at physical barriers and build or rebuild suitable access. Barriers are mainly physical ones but others include lack of opportunity, and lack of suitable or qualified coaches, adaptation of equipment, lack of money, lack of transport, and the disadvantaged may have less time or energy for sport. All target groups experience barriers to participation. The target groups are: * OAP'S * CHLDREN * DISABLED * TEENAGERS * UNEMPLOYED * WOMEN * ETHNIC GROUPS * DIFFERENT ABILITY LEVELS * INNER CITY KIDS Jed Mc Mullan IVA Task 6 ...read more.

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