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sports injuries.Common causes and symptoms of sports injuries for football players.

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Introduction

SPORTS INJURIES JEROME OKIMO BTEC National Certificate In sport And Football SPORTS INJURIES Section 1 Common causes and symptoms of sports injuries for football players. Ankle Sprain Cause - The most common cause of an ankle sprain is applying weight to the foot when it is in an inverted or everted position. Commonly, this happens while running or jumping on an uneven surface. The foot rolls in (inversion) or out (eversion) and the ligaments are stretched. Symptoms - Pain, Swelling Blisters Cause - Blisters form when the skin rubs against another surface, causing friction. First, a tear occurs within the upper layers of the skin forming a space between the layers while leaving the surface intact. Then fluid seeps into the space. The hands and feet often rub against shoes, skates, rackets, or other equipment that is usually not fitted correctly. Symptoms - pain, redness of the skin, swelling Calf Strain Cause - This injury is common in running sports that require quick acceleration of changes in direction. ...read more.

Middle

Symptoms - range of motion severely restricted, sharp pain Knee cruciate ligament damage Cause - The anterior cruciate ligament is most often stretched, torn, or both by a sudden twisting motion (for example, when the feet are planted one way and the knees are turned another way). The posterior cruciate ligament is most often injured by a direct impact, such as in an automobile accident or football tackle. Symptoms - pain, swelling, pop sound when initial damaged occurred, leg may buckle when pressured applied upon it. Stress Fracture Cause - Stress fractures often are the result of overuse or repeated impacts on a hard surface. Increasing the amount or intensity of an activity too rapidly is a common cause of a stress fracture, as is using improper equipment. Symptoms - sharp pain while walking and mild swelling, in the affected area Injuries Short Term Effects Long Term Effects Ankle Sprain Will need to rest Lack of fitness Blisters Change equipment, rest May keep reoccurring Calf Strain Will need to rest Lack ...read more.

Conclusion

the muscle cramp and the concussion because they are the easiest to recover from, the worst injuries are the knee ligament damage and the stress fractures because they take longer to recover from and may need specialist help. Section 3 Injury Hamstring Strain Time to recover 4-6 weeks Treatment Rest Ice Compression Elevation Exercises Stretching the hamstrings will help to restore the length of the muscles. This will reduce the risk of further injury and assist performance. Initial stretching should be limited by pain. Longer stretches (10 to 20 seconds) held at positions of greater stretch should be performed as comfort permits. Strengthening the hamstrings and other lower limb muscles is essential to restore proper function in the lower limb. Pay particular attention to developing a good strength balance between the quadriceps (front thigh muscles) and the hamstrings. Keeping fit will ensure a more comfortable return to training and competition. Over-exertion or continued activity while fatigued could lead to further injury. Non-weight-bearing activities such as swimming, cycling ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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