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Structure and Functions of Skeletal system

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´╗┐Glenn Nelson Structure and Functions of Skeletal system Movement Bones provide the structure for muscles to attach so that our bodies are able to move. Protection ? The skeleton protects vital organs of the body such as the lungs and it is where the blood cells are manufactured to fight diseases. Support ? The skeleton holds organs in place and holds the body upright Image - http://www.kidport.com/reflib/science/humanbody/skeletalsystem/images/SkeletonAnterior.jpg Synovial joint Example Movement Sporting example Ball & Socket Sholder/Hip Rotation, Extension, Flexion Shot-put Hinge Elbow/Knee Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension Judo Condyloid Wrist Cicumduction, Abduction, Adduction Ping-Pong Saddle Thumb Flexion, Extension Pivot Top of the neck Flexion, Extension, rotation Boxing Gliding Hand Gliding The Axial Skeleton Name of bones Type Description Crainium Flat The cranium is the part of the skull that protects the brain. ...read more.


Thoracic Vertebrae Irregular Forms in the middle of the spine, this region supports the ribs. It is made up of 12 vertebrae. Lumbar Vertebrae Irregular This region is located in the lower back. It is made up of 5 vertebrae. Sacral Vertebrae Irregular It is made up of 5 vertebrae that are fused together. Coccyx Vertebrae Irregular At the bottom of the vertebrae column is made up of 3 to 5 vertebrae. Information http://hes.ucfsd.org/gclaypo/skelweb/skel05.html The Appendicular Skeleton Name of bones Type Description Clavicle Long This bone is more commonly known as the collarbone. The clavicle connects with the scapula and the sternum. Scapula Flat The scapula connects the clavicle to the humerus. ...read more.


There are five metatarsals. Phalanges Long Phalanges are better known as your fingers and toes. You have 14 phalange bones in each hand and 14 in each foot Pelvis Flat Your pelvis is your hip bones. Femur Long Largest bone in the body. More commonly known as the thigh bone. The Patella Sesamoid Your kneecap is the patella. The patella is a round shaped bone. Fibula Long This long thin pin-like bone is found on the outside of the tibia. The fibula's main job is to provide sites for muscles to attach and also adds support to the Tibia Tibia Long This bone is also known as the shinbone. The tibia is the second largest bone in the skeleton and is found in the lower leg. Tarsels Short These are the bones in your ankle. There are seven tarsal bones that allow for movement in the foot. ...read more.

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