• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Classification of Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Classification of Skills What is skill? Skill is a technique, which has to be mastered in order to succeed the main objective. For example jumping 11m in triple jump. In 1963 Barbara Knapp defined skill as: "Skill is the learned ability to bring out the pre-determined results with maximum certainty, often with the minimum outlay of time, energy or both" Guthrie in 1952 defined skill as: "The ability to bring about some end result with maximum certainty and minimum outlay of energy or of time and energy. A novice could convincibly execute a flawless motor skill, yet not able to perform it consistently, or with as little effort relative to an expert performer." (www.exrx.net) These definitions can be simplified as: * Practise is needed in order to master the skill. * The ability to use little effort and produce great skill. * The ability to perform a skill in as little time as possible, yet produce a successful skill. * Elite athletes will perform skills much more consistently and better. ...read more.

Middle

However closed skills are not affected by the environment and have predictable outcomes as they are said to be predominantly habitual. Team Individual Racket Open Hockey shot Dart throw Squash drive Closed Hockey penalty Discus Badminton serve Externally And Self-Paced When a skill is self paced it is the ability to control the rate of action an athlete may wish to perform at. However when a skill is externally paced the athlete is reacting to either their surroundings or environment, the performer isn't in control of the pace. Externally paced skills can be affected by several factors such as the weather or wind conditions. The opposition is also a factor in that they may be in control of the play and therefore they are self-paced. Team Individual Racket Externally paced Yachting Surfing Receiving a tennis serve Self Paced Football passing Triple jump Badminton smash As you can see yachting is more externally paced than weight lifting because it has stronger variables such as the weather and wind, whereas the athlete controls weightlifting and doesn't involve any environmental factors. ...read more.

Conclusion

This allows the athlete to become as prepared as they can be for their event although they do have their disadvantages. For example they can vary due to the type of environment, such as the type of surface, weather or even how experienced the athlete is. It can be argued that as a performer becomes better at a skill they will begin to, unknowingly begin to inter-link one skill into another. As most skills are interlinked they can be illustrated as a profile, shown below; A Skill profile of a Netball standing shot: Each line represents the previous continuums mentioned earlier. However, a major criticism regarding profiles is that it will vary from athlete to athlete depending on their ability. For example a professional netball player will find many of the skills far easier with experience and practise. A typical skill profile for an elite netball player could be shown as below: As you can see the more experienced athlete would find the skill far easier to do due to the sheer practise they have had. Another criticism is that the more advanced athletes will be able to control their pace within a game situation, much better than an amateur will. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    I have also progressed by 20 kg to 140 kg on seated leg press. The main aim of doing this exercise was to maintain a good balance between my upper and lower body. However, it will also help in the power phase of my stroke as it is important that

  2. PEP basketball

    I will now discuss a variety of different training methods that I could have used instead of circuit. I will work through their advantages and disadvantages and then explain briefly why I have or haven't chosen them. Continuous Training This can be broken down into the following sub-divisions which have slightly different effects upon the energy pathways.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    Result As a result of the of the weaknesses stated above the shot is, really unreliable and very wild as unless its guided can go anywhere from the bat face. This therefore results in me losing many points where my defence needs to be strong.

  2. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    of her foot at all times this resulted in good control therefore performed a good solo. o She was able to run at speed successfully, whilst keeping the ball under control, this in turn meant that she could maintain possession of the ball and this in turn may achieve success.

  1. Gaelic football

    Put your feet shoulder width a part. Begin to twist the body around the hips without moving on the ground. Twist the body as far as you can one way, then repeat it on the other side. This back and forward twist counts as one, repeat this 10 times.

  2. Techniques, Rules and Tactics of Football

    with your left foot the ball bounces to your right foot and then pass the ball with your right foot (try for one continuous motion). (d) Block the ball so it stops 2 or 3 steps to your right or left & then pass it.

  1. I have chosen to base my PEP on is hockey. Within in hockey there ...

    training, as without it transition from the body at rest to intense activity will be too great, the muscles will not cope and injury could result because of this. A warm up is "the method of preparing the body for exercise involving light exercise, stretching and practice skilled related movement patterns involved in sporting activity about to begin."

  2. PPP- Netball

    Park Hitchin, Herts SG5 1EH Information about AENA Mission Statement "To promote and enhance, develop and coach netball as a desired sport throughout England, and to raise appreciation and encouragement of the sport." GOALS * To recognise and promote national competition * To encourage, manage and develop high standards of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work