• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Classification of Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Classification of Skills What is skill? Skill is a technique, which has to be mastered in order to succeed the main objective. For example jumping 11m in triple jump. In 1963 Barbara Knapp defined skill as: "Skill is the learned ability to bring out the pre-determined results with maximum certainty, often with the minimum outlay of time, energy or both" Guthrie in 1952 defined skill as: "The ability to bring about some end result with maximum certainty and minimum outlay of energy or of time and energy. A novice could convincibly execute a flawless motor skill, yet not able to perform it consistently, or with as little effort relative to an expert performer." (www.exrx.net) These definitions can be simplified as: * Practise is needed in order to master the skill. * The ability to use little effort and produce great skill. * The ability to perform a skill in as little time as possible, yet produce a successful skill. * Elite athletes will perform skills much more consistently and better. ...read more.

Middle

However closed skills are not affected by the environment and have predictable outcomes as they are said to be predominantly habitual. Team Individual Racket Open Hockey shot Dart throw Squash drive Closed Hockey penalty Discus Badminton serve Externally And Self-Paced When a skill is self paced it is the ability to control the rate of action an athlete may wish to perform at. However when a skill is externally paced the athlete is reacting to either their surroundings or environment, the performer isn't in control of the pace. Externally paced skills can be affected by several factors such as the weather or wind conditions. The opposition is also a factor in that they may be in control of the play and therefore they are self-paced. Team Individual Racket Externally paced Yachting Surfing Receiving a tennis serve Self Paced Football passing Triple jump Badminton smash As you can see yachting is more externally paced than weight lifting because it has stronger variables such as the weather and wind, whereas the athlete controls weightlifting and doesn't involve any environmental factors. ...read more.

Conclusion

This allows the athlete to become as prepared as they can be for their event although they do have their disadvantages. For example they can vary due to the type of environment, such as the type of surface, weather or even how experienced the athlete is. It can be argued that as a performer becomes better at a skill they will begin to, unknowingly begin to inter-link one skill into another. As most skills are interlinked they can be illustrated as a profile, shown below; A Skill profile of a Netball standing shot: Each line represents the previous continuums mentioned earlier. However, a major criticism regarding profiles is that it will vary from athlete to athlete depending on their ability. For example a professional netball player will find many of the skills far easier with experience and practise. A typical skill profile for an elite netball player could be shown as below: As you can see the more experienced athlete would find the skill far easier to do due to the sheer practise they have had. Another criticism is that the more advanced athletes will be able to control their pace within a game situation, much better than an amateur will. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PEP basketball

    * Running at 60 to 70% of max. Heart rate or 36 to 52% of V02 Max. Slightly faster pace - burns glycogen and fat - aerobic - duration 45 to 90 minutes. Useful for marathon runners. Improves cardiovascular system - capillarisation. * Running at 70 to 80% of max.

  2. Chest pass - "Skill is the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with ...

    used Progression: * Walk through exercise at first, then gradually build up pace to full speed. * Give target number of successful complete rotations at full speed, then reverse direction of players. Practise 4) 3 v 3 Requirements; - One ball, - 6 players, - Bibs, - Marked area, for example; centre third!

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    When bending my knees it means that my quadriceps have to contract whilst there in use, and the hamstrings have to relax to allow this bending movement to take place. In order to close my bat to get the ball back on the table I must show some rotation within

  2. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    I have chosen this because I believe that it will cover all the aspects of a badminton game. I can do short sprints to press - ups, these will all help my badminton game play. The Method For my fitness programme to be effective I will be following these principles:

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    * The player should be able to pick the ball up of the ground on their first attempt. * The players jumping should be controlled in order to successfully catch the ball. Shooting * The player should be able to shoot accurately with either foot.

  2. Analysing Performance - Badminton.

    No player shall serve out of turn, receive out of turn, or receive two consecutive services in the same game. Either player of the winning side may serve first in the next game, and either player of the losing side may receive.

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Some times I was on it for a minute whilst putting 70% intensity into it, but than sometimes I did it for three minutes, putting a lot of punches into the bag but only giving it 60% intensity. I did this first because I did not feel it was too

  2. PPP- Netball

    OF NETBALL IN ENGLAND AENA Annual General Meeting Management Committee Committees For Coaching Umpiring Participation Performance Regional Chairmen School Regions (10) Counties (57) Leagues (375) Junior leagues (35) Clubs (3,305) College/Youth Clubs (85) Schools (2848) Registered participants (55,585) COMPETITIONS English Counties League (ECL)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work