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Analyse the main factors that limit the effectiveness of parliament

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Introduction

Analyse the main factors that limit the effectiveness of parliament The underlying purpose of parliament is to represent the public and their opinions, and this is perhaps one of the main problems with out current parliamentary system. Many argue that the house of commons is unrepresentative of the modern population, with ethnic minorities and women especially under represented. This was especially evident at the 2005 general election where only 128 of the 517 (24%) elected MP's were women, with the figures even worse for the conservatives with only 17 of their 180 MP's being women, an incredibly low 9%. These figures undermine the legitimacy of parliament, and thus the laws they pass. ...read more.

Middle

"Parliamentary sovereignty" states that parliament is the supreme law making body in the UK, yet on many occasions, parliaments rule has either been over turned or re-wrote by the EU. For example the Factortame case of 1990 involved parliament ruling that non British citizens could not register a boat as British, yet the EU courts of Justice ruled against this, practically forcing the house of lords to call for the act to be scrapped. Furthermore the prime minister cannot be "impeached" as in other countries. The executive is the most important member of parliament, and if he/she cannot be called to account apart from at election times then surely parliaments legitimacy is once again flawed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once again, in regard to perhaps Parliaments biggest limitation, the European Union, it must be remembered that the UK does not necessarily have obey its every word, as parliament could simply ignore it, or we could just leave the EU all together. In essence, parliament has rerouted certain powers to the EU, but still retains the ultimate "on/off switch". In conclusion we can see that although Parliament may have its flaws and perhaps seem weak on the outside, it still ultimately retains is sovereignty over the British political system, and is still an effective law making body. However this is not to say that there are not improvement to be made, but it due course these will most likely filter in as well. ...read more.

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