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Choose 2 countries (developed and developing) and analyze the different political systems and do comparative analysis. Decide if the individual system works well for the country and explain why.

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Introduction

Question: Choose 2 countries (developed and developing) and analyze the different political systems and do comparative analysis. Decide if the individual system works well for the country and explain why. Chosen Nations: Thailand (Democratic constitutional monarchy) and Turkey (Democratic Republic) The democratic constitutional monarchy is one whereby the monarch is the head of the state, but assumes limited political clout and jurisdiction over political matters is the prerogative of the executive and legislative bodies of the state, excluding the body of aristocrats. The Thai monarch principally assumes a ceremonial role in political sphere and plays a larger role in the socio-economic sphere. ...read more.

Middle

The system of democratic constitutional monarchy however allows the Thai people to elect their leaders and participate in policy-making, which is essential for a modern state. The democratic constitutional monarchy is also more effective, for this modern institution relies on meritocracy rather than on birth and personal connections with aristocracy to secure a position in the government. Also the effectiveness of kingship depends on political legitimacy and the personal qualities of the king, thus under a weaker king the state will suffer and will prosper under a stronger one. This illustrates that the effectiveness of monarchy as a political institution is often subjected to fluctuations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Representative institutions are based on universal suffrage. This form of government is effective in Turkey, though it has its limitations. Numerous socio-economic problems such as abominable rural living conditions and low literacy rates which were characteristic of the declining days of the Ottoman empire, were resolved in the new governmental system which allowed for greater social and economic reforms. Though numerous developments have taken place, the government faces a new opposition in the face of pan-Islamic culture, the fundamentalists and dogmatic followers of Islam who do not confirm to the European structure and pressure the government to allow for religious institutions to gain greater political ascendancy and preeminence. Such persistent requests could lead to conflict and civil unrest in the future, thus the governmental structure is limited. Also intricate bureaucracies make governmental processes less efficient. ...read more.

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