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State a case for and against replacing the current voting system used to elect members of House of Commons.

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One argument against First Past The Post (the current electoral system used in the general elections) is that a different voting systems would be fairer to minor political parties that in the past have been under represented in parliament this is because FPTP is a simple plurality system which means there is no need for a majority, parties only need to win by one more vote then the opposing parties in 326 to have a majority of seats in parliament. Under FPTP votes are also not proportional to the seats thus favouring the major parties for example in 1983 SNP and Liberal Alliance won 25% of the votes and only got 3% of the seats whereas Labour won 27% of the vote and got 32% of the seats this shows the unfairness to smaller parties and it also explains why the Liberal democrats are the main political party calling for an electoral reform they argue it is not just for their party selfish benefits but for the good of the country as FPTP undermines democracy ...read more.


England is the only country in Europe to use FPTP electoral system in therefore it must not be the best choice however the UK has its own special needs for an electoral system. Minor parties not being represented may not be a disadvantage as extremist parties do not do well and small constituencies' views are taken into account. Parties like BNP are not doing well under FPTP this is surly is not disadvantage of FPTP. Elections in the European parliament show that using the proportional 'closed' regional list system parties such as the Green Party and the UK Independent Party have managed to get MEP's. FPTP although it is not proportional it is very simple and straight forward it would create much less spoilt ballots then a Proportional system or Majoritarain system in Scotland 2007 which uses AMS to elect MSP's had thousands of spoilt ballots this shows that it confuses the electorates and therefore undermines the governments legitimacy as the citizens did not understand the voting system. ...read more.


FPTP also supplies each constituency with their own member of parliament so close relationship between representative and their constituencies can take place other. Many politicians believe that constituency representation is one of the key strengths as the system links the voter with the representative other electoral system do not provide this for example the list system affect constituency representations voters choose a party not a candidate so there is no direct connection between the voter and the elected representatives. In conclusion I believe that there is no need for there to be an electoral reform although FPTP does not fulfil all electoral system functions there is no electoral system that does however FPTP is the best system for fulfilling what I believe is the most important functions of electoral system. As it is simple hold government to account, there is constituency representation it also shows clearly the most popular party. And alternative voting systems would cause much more of a concern. ?? ?? ?? ?? State a case for and against replacing the current voting system used to elect members of House of Commons. ...read more.

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