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The ideology of the Democrats is liberal whilst that of the Republicans is Conservative. Discuss

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Introduction

The ideology of the Democrats is liberal whilst that of the Republicans is Conservative. Discuss 'Two glass jars with different labels, both empty'. This has been the traditional opinion of the differences between the parties ever since the federalist/anti-federalist issue was settled. However, in recent decades, we have seen the emergence of distinct ideological identities. That of liberalism - a belief that the federal government should have an active role in protecting the vulnerable & guaranteeing rights, and Conservatism - a belief that government should be restricted in order for the individual to achieve their potential. I will analyse to what extent the Democrats and Republicans adhere to these philosophies. Primarily, the Democrats have been associated with liberalism ever since FDR's New Deal of the 1930s. In this era, the government utilised Keynesian economics and expanded its reach nationally, helping the unemployed by providing jobs. ...read more.

Middle

We can therefore see large cleavages between the beliefs held between the parties, the Democrats attempt to pas liberal policies whilst Republicans try to pass conservative ones. In addition, Bush relieved the role of the Federal Government in some public utilities to the voluntary & private sector as part of his Compassionate Conservatism agenda. Again, this is an example of republican conservatism as it reduces the power of the government. More evidence supporting this can be found within Congress. Though Congress used to be bipartisan with the party line carrying little weight amongst senators and congress people, this is no longer the case. So far in the current congressional session, party unity has been around 92%. As congress lacks the strict whipping system found in the UK parliament, one can argue that the unity is down to the distinct beliefs of the parties- conservatism and liberalism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bill Clinton, though initially attempting ambitious healthcare reform, declared the 'era of big government over', balanced the federal budget and passed social security reform. These can be said to be more conservative, even, then liberal. Similarly surprising, although Bush made large tax cuts, he also presided over the alrgest increase in the federal budget since LBJ's Great Society and he also extended the role of the Federal Government through the No Child Left Behind Act. We can therefore see that recent administrations of would-be liberal/conservative presidents have proved to be a mixed bag - not strictly adhering to either ideology. It is undeniable that the Democrat Party is liberal and the Republican Party is Conservative. However, the extent of this is far from 'clearly' cut. The nature of the US federal government means that differences will always exist within the parties - though this has been reduced in recent years. In conclusion, I believe that, broadly speaking, the two parties have distinct ideological identities however, there is still evidence to rebuke this and so therefore I agree mostly with the statement. ...read more.

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4 star(s)

Overall this is a good essay. It covers the arguments as to why the Democrats can be seen as liberal and why the Republicans can be seen as conservative well, using good examples to back up the points being made. However, despite the good elements of the essay it is slightly one sided. More emphasis is needed on why the labels of liberal/conservative might be too simplistic to describe the two main parties. By structuring the essay differently, with an argument supporting the statement followed by a counter argument, a more balanced argument would ensue.

Marked by teacher Jessica Jung 19/02/2012

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