• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is the current 'road map to peace' likely to be more successful in achieving peace in the Arab-Israeli conflict than any of the previous attempts in the last 30 years?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent is the current 'road map to peace' likely to be more successful in achieving peace in the Arab-Israeli conflict than any of the previous attempts in the last 30 years? The Arab-Israeli conflict has been ongoing for many years and so far a peaceful solution to the violence has not been reached. The 'peace process' aims to find a just, fair and lasting peace solution to the conflict in the Middle East. The USA in particular has been very active in looking for a peace solution. This is because Israel is their ally. There are several million Jews in the USA and many send money to support Israel. Also the Arabs used oil as a very successful weapon in the Yom Kippur War, and the West depends on this oil. This was demonstrated with the price rises of 1973 that caused economic recession very quickly. The USA still wished to support Israel, but it was also important not to offend the Arab countries, and their plentiful oil supplies. Therefore peace in the Middle East has been the goal of successive American Presidents. In the last 30 years there have been several unsuccessful attempts to find a peace solution for the conflict in the Middle East. In 1973 peace talks opened and this was the first time that Arabs and Israelis had sat together at a peace conference. ...read more.


Members of extreme groups such as 'The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine' said they would work against the "Agreement of Shame". There were immediate disagreements about the area if land around Jericho which the Palestinians would control and Israel specified 24km squared and Arafat demand 350km squared. However there were many Israelis who also opposed the new peace agreements, and one Israeli shot dead 29 Palestinians at prayer. This massacre immediately sparked off riots in Gaza, Jerusaluem, Nablus, Ramallah and Hebron. Again there was not peace. In June 2003 a new solution and agreement to try and end the violence in the Middle East. The new "Roadmap to Peace" is intended to be a goal driven, phase by phase route ending the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians within two years. It is also meant to have specific target dates, benchmarks and reciprocal confidence building measures built in. The plan was pieced together by diplomats from the USA, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations and was amended after consultations with Israelis and Palestinians. The first main stage of the Roadmap, originally intended to take place by May 2003 stated an end to violence against Israelis and Palestinians; Palestinian political reform; Israeli withdrawal and freeze on settlement expansion and Palestinian elections. This first stage was not achieved and there is still much violence against Israelis and Palestinians. ...read more.


However in source 7 it states that if terrorism does not stop then he will freeze the roadmap. These sources are both secondary and give opposing bias opinions, so are not too reliable. Source 8 praises Sharon, and shows how he is very committed to peace, and his actions he has taken towards peace. It is an argument for Israel and Sharon, but does consider the other side's point of view. According to source 3 the majority of Israelis 'somewhat support' the peace process. I do not think the 'Roadmap to Peace' will be successful. It will end up like the previous attempts at peace in the Middle East; Camp David, Madrid and Oslo, all of which failed. In my opinion there is no reason why the current Roadmap to Peace will be any different to these previous failures. The Roadmap has already failed its first target in May 2003, and does not seem to be heading towards any kind of peace. The leaders write the agreements but the people of Israel and Palestine have to live with them, many people on both sides still do not accept the right for the other to exist. Also there are still extreme terrorists groups who are never going to be happy with peace, and are going to jeopardise it every time. Violence in The Middle East has become a way of life for the people who live there, and its possible that that will never change. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    The attacks were caused by Al- Qaeda, which is an Islamic terrorist group. The question is why some Muslims would hate America enough to launch an attack on it. One factor is economic. The US consumer society with heavy advertising creates western films and consumer goods.

  2. Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

    The war of 1956 came as a further blow on the already distant of hope peace in the Middle East. In six incredible days in the summer of 1967, Israeli forces managed to conquer the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, and the west bank, including the old city of Jerusalem, defeating simultaneously the armies Egypt, Jordan and Syria.

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    feel safe and in fact blames Palestinian authorities (at the time Yasser Arafat) for failure to control the violence. They believed Yasser Arafat himself purposefully failed to crack down on and gave unspoken support to the terrorists. Both Muslim and Jewish fundamentalist groups oppose any compromise to peace which involves the sharing of Palestine.

  2. Palestinian Middle East

    Another factor of bad treatment to Palestinians by Israelis is the fact that they demolished Arab land and homes to build roads and settlements for Jew only access. This gave Palestinians a loss of their own land and Jewish cities were built upon homes also.

  1. Arab-Israeli conflict

    In effect, therefore, America is the main vein that peace would come through. The have the power to make both the Arabs and the Israelis do whatever they want, to a degree. Linked to that is the political party in power in Israel.

  2. Assignment Two: The Arab Israeli Conflict Question One:What are the main differences between the ...

    and was largely used by the Jewish people to worship and offer sacrifices known as the korbanot. The temple was built on Jerusalem's Temple Mount, in 70 AD, the Roman invaders destroyed it. The Dome of the Rock (Haram al Sheik in Arabic), was built between 687 and 691 by the 9th Caliph of the Umayyad Empire.

  1. Why have attempts to implement the peace settlement of 1993 failed? The long running ...

    The Islamic militant Hamas has been a thorn in the side of agreement being made. They are often to blame for the suicide bombings. These series of Suicide bombings will always effect the progression of peace as long as they continue to do it.

  2. Why are attempts to find a peace settlement proving so difficult? The Palestinians ...

    Around the time of WWII Jews were persecuted by Hitler, world sympathy and support for a Jewish homeland increased so there was increased pressure on Britain to allow more and more Jews into Palestine. The Palestinians didn't like this and when Britain suggested a partition they rebelled and fought, so

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work