The Arab Israeli Conflict
There have been many previous attempts at peace in the Middle East but all have failed.
One Previous attempt at making peace was at the UN and Camp David. At this moment in time a lot of neighboring Arab countries began to recognize Israel as a state although maybe not admitting it publicly. Also Yasser Arafat the leader of the PLO at the time recognized the state of Israel and was ready to consider a mini state for the Palestinians to live consisting of the West Bank and Gaza.
In 1974 Yasser Arafat was invited to speak in front of the United Nations for the first time. After listening to Arafat Many world leaders had sympathy for the Palestinians and also thought that the Palestinians deserved there own homeland and that it might lead to peace in the Middle East.
But the Israelis were furious that the UN let Arafat speak because they considered the PLO as a murder organization. They also refused the Idea of a separate state for the Palestinians, as they feared they might try taking over the rest of Israel, as they are not happy with a smaller state.