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''how can the research on forgetting help us to understand remembering''

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Introduction

Psychology ''how can the research on forgetting help us to understand remembering'' The actual term forgetting is the inability to recall or recognize information. Forgetting may occur because the information no longer exists in memory and so is not available for retrieval. Alternatively it can occur because it cannot be found and so is not accessible (cue dependent forgetting). Forgetting is more likely with information that needs to be recalled, as recognition is usually easier than recall. Explanations for forgetting are different for short term memory and long-term memory. Since STM are likely to be due to lack of availability it has disappeared, rather than accessibility (being able to find it). Trace decay is involved in the many reasons that we forget. This is the actual physical disappearance of a memory trace from the brain. Trace decay is one reason for forgetting. It should be distinguished from cue-dependent forgetting, in which the memory trace has not decayed but is hard to find. ...read more.

Middle

There are emotional factors involved in forgetting, and in order to understand remembering these must be identified to. A repressed memory inhibits recall. It is an example of lack of accessibility, or restricted access due to emotion. Repression is when memories causing great anxiety are kept out of conscious awareness in order to protect the individual. So repression is a good example of motivated forgetting. Flash bulb memories are extremely important in the way they cause us to remember something. Flash bulb memories are long lasting and vivid memories of a specific event. The event is important emotionally. The term 'flashbulb' refers to the fact that it has been encoded, as the memory is so detailed and accurate. An example of this is the death if Princess Diana. Forgetting in long term memory can be explained as the lack of availability or accessibility. We need to look into the failures of availability in LTM to help understand remembering in LTM. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is relevant to occasions when two sets of data are very similar, so we do need to take it into consideration when looking at forgetting and remembering. Although it is rare in everyday life but it does occur. Cue dependent forgetting is a classic example of forgetting when looking at forgetting in long term memory. This is a classic example of forgetting because retrieval failure. The information is stored in memory and so available but it just cannot be retrieved until an appropriate cue is given. This is important as it shows we sought of remember the information that is stored by a cue, rather than to completely forget it. There has been research into this to help us understand. Evidence of the importance of cue dependent forgetting was provided in the study by Tulving and Psotka (1971). The relatively better performance with cued recall occurs because the participants were better able to retrieve their memory. So all these factors explained about forgetting help us to understand, if and how we remember information. ...read more.

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