• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify features of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model of memory.

Extracts from this document...


AS Homework Memory Questions Identify features of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model of memory Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model consists of three parts. Sensory memory, long term memory and short term memory. Sensory memory is a storage system that holds information in one of two forms, Echoic or iconic. It is available for a short period of time. It is either forgotten or sent to the short-term memory. This is used for storing information for short periods of time, before being sent to the long-term memory, or forgotten. Long-term memory holds a lot of information and stores it for a long time, usually until death. According to the multistore model of memory there are three separate parts of the memory system: sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory. Describe the differences between sensory memory and short-term memory. ...read more.


i) Explain why the first few words are more likely to be remembered than the words from the middle of the list. ii) Explain why the last few words are more likely to be remembered than the words from the middle of the list The first few words are most likely to be remembered because of the primacy effect. This means that you have had chance to rehearse the first words in the list and that they have been taken to the long-term memory. The last few words are more likely to be remembered because of the recency effect. This means that the words have gone from the sensory memory and into the short-term memory. They will be remembered for about 30 seconds and then forgotten, and the capacity dictates that 7+/-2 words can be remembered. ...read more.


Baddeley (1966), gave us evidence to show that LTM is best stored semantically. When asked to remember ten distinct words, and then ten with similar meanings, he found that after a long delay, participants recalled the more distinctive words, thus proving that LTM best gets information from semantic processes. These two experiments show us that there are three clear stages to memory. However this model is far too simplistic to explain the whole memory system. There is a lot more evidence for LTM and STM. One such example is people with brain damage, such as Clive Wearing, whose brain was damaged by a viral infection. Wearing was unable to retain new memories. This shows that a part of his memory was damaged, and LTM cannot take place due to the damage. This is in support of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model. This model is too simplistic, and furthered by Baddeley and Hitch (1974). They cast doubts on Atkinson and Shiffrin's theory, and belief that STM divided into four sections, rather than just one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    and the other half were not (incidental learning group). After testing all the participants for recall of the original word list, Hyde and Jenkins found that there were minimal differences in the number of items correctly recalled between the intentional learning group and the incidental learning group.


    be participating in if they agreed to give their consent in participating and how they are required to participate. It also tells them the format of the experiment. The briefing sheet of group 1 differed from group 2 as a distraction was added for group 2 (See appendix 3)

  1. Critically evaluate the traditional view(s) of memory as cited by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968), ...

    When a time delay of 0.3 seconds was introduced between the tone and the presentation, recall dropped from 9 to 6 items. It then dropped to 4,5 letters on average when the time delay was increased to 1 second. This indicates that information disappears rapidly from the iconic store and

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    A calculator is needed to calculate the mean for the result. A result table was needed to record the obtained result form the recall. (See appendix 3) PROCEDURE The topic area been investigated on was the aspect first chosen. How information is encoded into our memory, and how a distraction

  1. Primacy and Recency effect

    Any difference will be due to chance. Looking at this experiment the positioning of the words did have an effect on recall rates. The experimental hypothesis was accepted which stated that the first 10 words of a list of 30 (positioned from 1-10) and the last 10 words (positioned from 21-30)

  2. Categorisation in Long-Term Memory

    Therefore using the same words will reduce this effect. In the list of organised words it was obvious that the experiment was testing memory which led to demand characteristics. The experiment were standardised which meant it's easy to replicate. However, because participants were already told that they were taking part in a psychology experiment on memory, they knew what

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work