• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify features of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model of memory.

Extracts from this document...


AS Homework Memory Questions Identify features of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model of memory Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model consists of three parts. Sensory memory, long term memory and short term memory. Sensory memory is a storage system that holds information in one of two forms, Echoic or iconic. It is available for a short period of time. It is either forgotten or sent to the short-term memory. This is used for storing information for short periods of time, before being sent to the long-term memory, or forgotten. Long-term memory holds a lot of information and stores it for a long time, usually until death. According to the multistore model of memory there are three separate parts of the memory system: sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory. Describe the differences between sensory memory and short-term memory. ...read more.


i) Explain why the first few words are more likely to be remembered than the words from the middle of the list. ii) Explain why the last few words are more likely to be remembered than the words from the middle of the list The first few words are most likely to be remembered because of the primacy effect. This means that you have had chance to rehearse the first words in the list and that they have been taken to the long-term memory. The last few words are more likely to be remembered because of the recency effect. This means that the words have gone from the sensory memory and into the short-term memory. They will be remembered for about 30 seconds and then forgotten, and the capacity dictates that 7+/-2 words can be remembered. ...read more.


Baddeley (1966), gave us evidence to show that LTM is best stored semantically. When asked to remember ten distinct words, and then ten with similar meanings, he found that after a long delay, participants recalled the more distinctive words, thus proving that LTM best gets information from semantic processes. These two experiments show us that there are three clear stages to memory. However this model is far too simplistic to explain the whole memory system. There is a lot more evidence for LTM and STM. One such example is people with brain damage, such as Clive Wearing, whose brain was damaged by a viral infection. Wearing was unable to retain new memories. This shows that a part of his memory was damaged, and LTM cannot take place due to the damage. This is in support of Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model. This model is too simplistic, and furthered by Baddeley and Hitch (1974). They cast doubts on Atkinson and Shiffrin's theory, and belief that STM divided into four sections, rather than just one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    occurrence of the letters 'e' and 'g' in any of the words/ Deciding the part of speech appropriate to each word (e.g. noun, adjective)/ Decided whether the words fitted into a particular sentence frame. Half the participants were told in advance that they would be expecting to recall the words (intentional learning group)


    be participating in if they agreed to give their consent in participating and how they are required to participate. It also tells them the format of the experiment. The briefing sheet of group 1 differed from group 2 as a distraction was added for group 2 (See appendix 3)

  1. Primacy and Recency effect

    before being lost. If this information is attended to it is coded in short-term memory. Similarly, information rehearsed adequately in STM is coded in long-term memory. This theory is widely accepted and shows the existence of STM and LTM. Therefore, it also provides reason for the serial position curve as

  2. Categorisation in Long-Term Memory

    the experiment was about and could try harder to perform better on the test (demand characteristics). Improving reliability If I were to choose a different sampling method results would be much more representative, because my sample was an opportunity sample with only people who were 'free' at that moment.

  1. Investigating the short-term memory

    This would also avoid experimenter bias within the sampling, as there will be an equal number of males and females. The independent variable (IV) (manipulated in the experiment by the experimenter, was the distraction added in the form of music to test)

  2. Critically evaluate the traditional view(s) of memory as cited by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968), ...

    When a time delay of 0.3 seconds was introduced between the tone and the presentation, recall dropped from 9 to 6 items. It then dropped to 4,5 letters on average when the time delay was increased to 1 second. This indicates that information disappears rapidly from the iconic store and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work