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Multistore Model – Akinson and Shiffrin (1968)

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Introduction

Multistore Model - Akinson and Shiffrin (1968) Akinson and Shiffrin suggested that memory was comprised of three separate stores, the Sensory Memory Store, the short-term memory and the long-term memory. Information is simply rehearsed in the STM and if rehearsed sufficiently is transferred to LTM. ...read more.

Middle

Ones in middle less likely to be recalled. This is evidence for existence of several stores. 2. Brown -Peterson Technique suggests that if rehearsal of items is prevented then information does not enter LTM. 3. Amnesiacs caused by Korsakoffs Syndrome brought on by chronic alcoholism display sound STM functioning but impaired LTM. ...read more.

Conclusion

STM impaired but LTM intact. Evidence against Multi-store Model: 1. De Groot (1966) showed how expert chess players had phenomenal STM for chess positions as long as they fitted in with known rules. When pieces were randomly arranged their recall was no better than non-chess players therefore STM and LTM may not be so separate and distinct. Multi-store model is basic and limited in explaining such a complex phenomena as memory. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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