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The multi-store model can be explained in terms of 3 stores, sensory, short term and long term stores

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Introduction

´╗┐Faddy Oraha ? Miss. Foy 04/10/2012 Outline and Evaluate The Multistore Model (12) The multi-store model can be explained in terms of 3 stores, sensory short term and long term stores and 2 process, attention and rehearsal. Information first enters the sensory store directly from the senses. It remains in the sensory store for a maximum duration of around 2 seconds before it decays and is replaced with new information. If information in the sensory store is attended to then it can be passed to the short term store. ...read more.

Middle

However, when new information enters the short term store is displaces any information that is already there, meaning that information that isn?t rehearsed and passed to the long term store is forgotten. When information enters the long term store it remains there for a life time, as the capacity and duration of the store is unlimited. There is evidence to support the Multistore model that there are separate short term and long term stores is provided by research into the primacy and recency effect by Glanzer & Cunitz. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, earlier items are rehearsed and transferred to the LTM, whilst later items are recalled because they are still in the STM. However, this model has been criticised by being reductionist as it over-simplifies memory which is a very complex human process. It only assumes there is only long term and short term stores. This has been disproved by clinical evidence for example KF had damaged his STM but was able to recall memories from his LTM store. Furthermore, most of the supporting evidence lacks ecological evidence as they were conducted in artificial settings, which may not reflect how memory works in everyday life. ...read more.

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