• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The multi-store model can be explained in terms of 3 stores, sensory, short term and long term stores

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Faddy Oraha ? Miss. Foy 04/10/2012 Outline and Evaluate The Multistore Model (12) The multi-store model can be explained in terms of 3 stores, sensory short term and long term stores and 2 process, attention and rehearsal. Information first enters the sensory store directly from the senses. It remains in the sensory store for a maximum duration of around 2 seconds before it decays and is replaced with new information. If information in the sensory store is attended to then it can be passed to the short term store. ...read more.


However, when new information enters the short term store is displaces any information that is already there, meaning that information that isn?t rehearsed and passed to the long term store is forgotten. When information enters the long term store it remains there for a life time, as the capacity and duration of the store is unlimited. There is evidence to support the Multistore model that there are separate short term and long term stores is provided by research into the primacy and recency effect by Glanzer & Cunitz. ...read more.


Therefore, earlier items are rehearsed and transferred to the LTM, whilst later items are recalled because they are still in the STM. However, this model has been criticised by being reductionist as it over-simplifies memory which is a very complex human process. It only assumes there is only long term and short term stores. This has been disproved by clinical evidence for example KF had damaged his STM but was able to recall memories from his LTM store. Furthermore, most of the supporting evidence lacks ecological evidence as they were conducted in artificial settings, which may not reflect how memory works in everyday life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    The Levels of Processing Model, proposed by Craik and Lockhart, 1972, concentrates on the LTM and the semantic processing occurring there. It presents another alternative to the Multi-store model, which suggests information is transferred to LTM via rehearsal (repetition). This model suggests that the depth or level at which we


    No pilot study was carried out. PARTICIPANTS 20 participants were used in this investigation. These participants were chosen by random selection. This meant that everyone in the target population have an equal chance of being selected. 30 names of participants of the target population were put into separate bowl; each

  1. Primacy and Recency effect

    of the words and the second ? of the word list there is a quite big difference in the recall rate Whereas the difference between the second ? and the last ? of the words from a word list 9.4-5.5=3.9 there is a huge difference in the recall rates.

  2. Investigate into the Primacy and Recency effect

    The participants were then given a blank sheet of paper. The participants were told that they had exactly one minute to write down as many words from the list that they could remember. The paper was then collected by one of the experimenters 5.

  1. The effect of primacy and recency on recall

    in the primacy and recency positions increases the likelihood of its recall. Null Hypothesis: The serial position of adverts in a block of 16 will have no effect on recall of the products from these adverts. Method Experimental design: This experiment was a laboratory experiment as it eliminated the risk of confounding and extraneous variables affecting the results.

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    Although Levels of Processing has been praised for its lack of rigid structures, fault can also be found in this. There is no precise definition of 'depth', and therefore it cannot be judged on a spectrum where each processing

  1. An experiment to support the assumption that there are two distinct memory stores in ...

    The dependent variable was how many words the participants recalled in the list. Counterbalancing was used to control the order effects by changing the position of the words in the 2nd group.

  2. How can forgetting over the short term be explained best?

    and Wundt (1860s) were (as cited by Gross, 1992) two of the first psychologists to maintain that short term memory is limited to a specific number of pieces of information. They claimed that the short term memory could hold about 7 bit of separate information in different slots, so to speak. This size was later argued by Miller (1956)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work