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Are the working class the criminal class

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Introduction

Is the working class the criminal class? From a Marxist point of view, crime is created by the structure of capitalism which encourages greed and self-interest, generating frustration and aggression. This view comes from Bonger (1916) at which he believes that capitalism causes inequalities within society as the working class are suppressed and are prevented from moving up the social strata. Marxists also believe that society has been separated into two social classes; the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Marxists argue therefore, that the proletariat are oppressed by the ruling class as the ruling class control the state and enforce their ideologies. As the ruling class implement their ideas towards the media and police the working class (or the proletariat) believe that they are meant to be in their current position through false class consciousness. Another part of society that Marxists believe are controlled by the ruling class is laws. They believe that laws are there to protect those of the ruling class however, some laws are shown to 'be in the interest' of the working class. ...read more.

Middle

It is argued that official statistics which offer a range of figures containing reported crime are inaccurate and not representative of the population. The working class are exploited as the only class to commit crime. It is argued by both McLaughlin (1996) and Cohen(1993) that crimes committed by the state aren't noted. Cohen suggests that the state claim three statements of denial: 1) It does not happen here 2)It is something else e.g. self defence. 3)It is justified for example it protects society. McLaughlin argues that criminological studies do not focus on crimes committed by the state. Therefore does this not suggest that statistics are an unreliable source to society and providing false information? Official statistics then do not provide a true picture of what is happening in society. Take white collar crime, if white collar crime is usually committed by middle/upper class citizens there is a possibility that the majority of their crimes aren't reported as Marxist suggest. ...read more.

Conclusion

They are the most exploited in the capitalist society'. However, their ideology could be criticized as females may choose not to report crime committed towards them due to being afraid if they are a victim of rape or abuse. Again official statistics do not represent the sample of society. In conclusion it is debateable as to whether the working class are the criminal class. Statistics do not seem to represent the amount of crime committed by each social class due to the working class being oppressed by ruling class ideology state apparatus. And although Marxists believe that the working class are exploited there are criticisms against this to suggest Marxists do not focus on other reasons why the working class are the most exploited when it comes to committing crime and are therefore reductionists as well as ignoring other groups within society which may be exploited towards society like females, young children or ethnic groups as well as ignoring the percentage of working class people who do not commit crime. ?? ?? ?? ?? Foirell Tyndale 6B1 ...read more.

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