• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the uses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods for the criminological understanding of patterns and trends of crime and victimisation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What are the uses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods for the criminological understanding of patterns and trends of crime and victimisation? Both quantitative and qualitative research methods help successfully provoke the required data for the criminological understanding of patterns and trends of crime and victimisation. Both methods have disadvantages and advantages linked with requiring the needed data, it can be argued that one method is more beneficial than the other due to the nature of this research yet it can also be argued that both research methods combined will be able to successfully provoke the required data drawing attention not only to cause and affect but also the numerical data which can help highlight the crime which is most significant in the contemporary UK. Quantitative methods provoke numerical data which can be tabulated. It can take the form of questionnaires, surveys and structured interviews. Quantitative methods produce results which have to be transcribed and can take the form of unstructured interviews, case studies and covert and overt observations. Qualitative research methods provoke rich and multi dimensional data which is high in validity. The nature of the question being examined is highly sensitive; therefore it would be proven to use quantitative methods which can take the form of an unstructured interview. ...read more.

Middle

Added to this, this method is not reliable as it is unlikely that the same answers will be provoked if asked again. Therefore it lowers reliability and makes it difficult to generalise, quantify or get a representative sample. It is not a systematic method. With no preset questions and relying on the skills of the interviewer the results are difficult to verify and reliability is inevitably lowered. The interviewers presence and the way questions are asked may affect results. This means it can lack objectivity. The interviewer may even offer their own opinions which may bias the results regarding criminological understanding of patterns and trends of crime and victimisation. The interviewer may be too close to the subject and alter their findings without realising. Thus having a direct effect on the results causing them to be unreliable and unrepresentative. Bias may also occur during the detailed analysis process. Finally the experiment can be seen as unnatural; therefore the validity of the results must be questioned. Qualitative data is a cheap reliable method which provokes representative results which can be generalised as regards to criminological understanding of patterns and trends of crime and anti social behaviour. The researcher already knows clearly in advance what trends and patterns they want to identify which makes it a quick method. ...read more.

Conclusion

This method also helps to build up rapport between the interviewer and the interviewee which may help with the validity of the results which is a positive factor. Added to this fact is the interviewee may give out more information to the researcher due to the fact that they are able to talk freely, although this is a longer process and more costly than other research methods on the whole it is a lot more effective. Another benefit of using this method is that crimes that may have previously been ignored in the official crime statistic come to light, given a more representative understanding of crime patterns and victimisation. However we must not dismiss quantitative methods as theses methods as these help us find the cause and effect and produce much needed numerical statistics which help to reinforce or dismiss peoples opinion of crime. It also a cheaper method which is highly reliable and can be replicated- surely a positive characteristic which can not be taken into account when using quantitative methods. To conclude I feel that the best approach when attempting to look at the criminological understanding of trends and patterns o crime and victimisation. By using multiple methods you are able to collect multiple methods of data which helps to show the understanding of patterns and crime and victimisation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Literature Review: The Impact of Heroin Prices on Robbery Trends

    Donnelly et al in 'The Impact of the Australian Heroin Shortage on Robbery in NSW,'21 validates this notion with the example of the heroin shortage in Christmas 2000. The average cost of a gram of heroin in Cabramatta 'had risen by 75 per cent: from $218 before the shortage to

  2. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    Several theories look to identify the social structure of the individual. Such theories look to establish pressures that are asserted on the individual that cause them to turn to crime in order to solve their problems. (Strain Theory and Robert Merton's Anomie Theory).

  1. This research project attempts to contrast local crime trends with the British Crime Survey ...

    Finally, Lea and Young point out that no matter how much police reform is advocated, no progress can be made without a long-term change in society. Methodology This study used a combination of both primary and secondary research. The primary research comprised of a semi-structured interview that intended to measure

  2. Describe competing criminological theories

    Low extroversion is occasionally referred to as introversion. In the situation of neuroticism, someone with a relatively high score would be considered as neurotic and someone with a relatively low score would be considered stable. Scores are acquired by administration of a personality survey of which there are numerous versions.

  1. Crime and Ethnicity

    90%, and I also know that of the Afro Caribbean's asked 60% of their peers are of the same ethnic group.. This by its self does not explain why there is such a high number of Afro Caribbean's in prison.

  2. anti-social behaviour

    impinge on their privacy and that the information they provided would be kept confidential. Each respondent was also assured that only honest opinions were wanted and that all results would remain anonymous. 3.6 The questionnaires provided them with a brief introduction detailing the reasons and aims of the investigation.

  1. How important is gender to an understanding of crime?

    Women commit a small share of all crime, whilst the overall share of female crime appears to have remained fairly stable. In 1984, 84 per cent of known offenders were male, whilst in 1999, the corresponding figure was 83 per cent.

  2. Critically discuss the practical and ethical difficulties involved when researching White Collar Crime. Give ...

    would suggest not nearly enough. White Collar crime however cannot solely be linked to those from the higher classes. This form of deviance is now recognised to be prevalent throughout varying levels of employment and company sizes. Sharpiro (1990) criticised Sutherland's definition of White collar crime as being to specifically

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work